Archaeological Finds from the Barony of Burren

The Other Clare, Volume 31, 2007

By John Rattigan

Introduction
Having listed and described in previous editions the archaeological finds of Moyarta, Ibrickane, Clonderlaw and Corcomroe as listed in the catalogue from the National Museum or Ireland at Clare Museum it is intended to continue by treating Burren, the barony perhaps most associated with archaeology in Clare.

The catalogue, which is extensive, was compiled by Erin Gibbons, Jackie Mc Dermott and Felim Gibbons in October 1999, and it remains an excellent public resource. A detailed analysis of the catalogue was provided by Erin Gibbons in 2000 and for this reason and because I am mindful of the length of this paper, a repetition of the description will not be provided here. The two aims of the paper are to raise awareness of the catalogue and provide access to its data using the now defunct baronial territorial land division system.

Description of this List
The information recorded in the various fields listed here is based on information provided in Volume I. Included is the provenance (townland and parish) within each barony, find (object type), description and dimensions (where given), of the 99 objects listed for the barony of Burren. Again due to space restriction, data from Volume I listed under the headings of Habitat, Irish Antiquities File, OS 6” sheet number, OS 6” co-ordinates, Bog Find, Excavation and Page References are omitted. Otherwise, the information provided here appears as given in the catalogue.

Underlined objects are part of the long-term loan from the Irish Antiquities Division of the National Museum of Ireland to Clare Museum. They are on public display in The Riches of Clare permanent exhibition .

Most of the objects recorded below were chance finds made through every day activities away from any obvious archaeological remains. Some objects listed were discovered prior to the establishment of the National Museum and were collected by members of the Royal Irish Academy or the Royal Dublin Society before finding their way into the Irish Antiquities collection that is now in the National Museum of Ireland. As a result the exact circumstance surrounding the discovery of some of those particular artifacts, and their exact provenance, is lost to us now. The finds from Poulawack, on the other hand, were excavated professionally from a burial cairn by Professor Hugh O’Neill Henken as part of the Third Harvard Archaeological Expedition to Ireland in 1934 .

Barony of Burren
The barony of Burren was the most northerly in County Clare. It was bounded to the north by Galway bay; to the east by County Galway and the barony of Inchiquin; to the south by the baronies of Inchiquin and Corcomroe; to the west by the Atlantic Ocean. Burren measured 74,361 acres in area, and contained the parishes of Abbey, Carron, Drumcreehy, Glaninagh, Kilcorney, Kilonahan, Kilheny, Kilmoon, Noughoval, Oughtmanagh, and Rathborney.

There are ninety-nine objects listed in Volume I for Burren. They are as follows:

Townland: Ballyallaban
Parish: Rathbborney
Find: Bronze Harp Key
Description: Rectangular in section at the base, 4 V shaped indentations one on each face are to be seen at that end.
Dimensions: 9.5 cm

Townland: Ballyallaban
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Spindle-whorl, bone, decorated
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyallaban
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Spindle-whorl, bone, decorated, fragment
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyallaban
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Spindle-whorl, bone, decorated, worked
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyallaban
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Object, bone, polished
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyallaban
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Bracelet, lignite, fragment
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyallaban
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Bracelet, lignite, fragment
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyallaban
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Bracelet, lignite, fragment
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyallaban
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Spindle-whorl, stone
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyallaban
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Pin, bone, polished
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyallaban
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Rod, bronze, thin and curved
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyallaban
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Stone Disc
Description: Roughly circular form, with smooth flat face on one side, the opposite being cruder with irregular grooves. The edge has been ground down and has been chipped in at least two areas on its perimeter. Scratch marks can be traced running along the edge
Dimensions: Maximum Diameter: 5.7 cm; Maximum Thickness: 1.73 cm

Townland: Ballyconnoe South
Parish: Killeany
Find: Bronze Rapier
Description: Long dagger or short rapier of bronze. The blade tapers very gradually to a point. The hafting-plate has the remains of two rivet-holes. Stout mid-rib.
Dimensions: Length: 30.2 cm; Width: (near middle of blade): 2.1 cm

Townland: Ballyconnoe South
Parish: Killeany
Find: Leather Shoe, portion
Description: Not given.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyconnoe South
Parish: Killeany
Find: Wooden lid of vessel
Description: Not given.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballydonohoe
Parish: Kilmoon
Find: Gold “Ring Money”
Description: The object is penannular. The opening between the two ends is splayed from the inside out. The ends where there are so opposed to each other (sic), are hollow, the gold being paper thin.
Dimensions: Diameter: 2.2 cm

Townland: Ballyelly
Parish: Ballyvaughan
Find: Object, gold
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyvaughan
Parish: Not given
Find: Measure, pewter
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Ballyvaughan
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Axehead, stone
Description: The axehead is regular in outline buy (sic) roughly chipped over the surface. The long sides are convex and the cutting edge is approximately straight. Written on the axehead both in biro and pencil is “Ballyvaughan”
Dimensions: Length: 14.8 cm; Width of cutting edge: 4.5 cm; Width of damaged butt: 3 cm; Maximum Width: 6.3 cm; Maximum Thickness: 2.8 cm

Townland: Ballyvaughan
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Axehead, stone
Description: Similar to stone axehead above; found together? Possibly unfinished – chipped all along the long sides and at cutting edge. The broad surfaces are not polished. Written on it in pencil is “Ballyvaughan”
Dimensions: Length: 19.2 cm; Width of at butt: 3.2 cm; Width of cutting edget: 7.8 cm; Maximum Thickness: 2.4 cm

Townland: Blakesmountain
Parish: Killonaghan
Find: Horn, handle
Description: Handle for object. Shaped from solid piece of horn. At the wide end a plug (? of horn) seems to have been inserted centrally. Conical shaped with moulding at wider end and tip of other end cut off.
Dimensions: Length: 8.7 cm; Maximum Diameter: 3 cm; Diameter of eternal mouth: 1.2 cm; Diameter at internal mouth 5 cm.

Townland: Blakesmountain, Bog find
Parish: Killonaghan
Find: Blade (razor), Bronze, Tanged
Description: Bronze blade with tang, leaf shaped with curved and bevelled edges. Thin sectioned blade with a broad flat rib continuing from the tang to the point. The patina has been scraped off the blade, there is no trace of ornament visible.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Blakesmountain, bog find
Parish: Killonaghan
Find: Chisel or Trunnion Celt
Description: Trunnion celt or double-edged chisel. Rectangular in section at wider end cutting edge, narrowing to 1.6 cm at the centre and becoming rather circular in section and ending with a width of 1 cm at the sharp cutting edge. Projection just below centre.
Dimensions: Length: 18.4 cm; Width: 3 cm

Townland: Burren Region
Parish: Not given
Find: Coins x 2
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Caherbullog, Pollnagollam Cave
Parish: Kilmoon
Find: Stone artefact?
Description: Polished stone object of approx. sickle shape. The outer curved edge is chipped. Narrow butt and then gradually broadens. Curved cutting edge? Stone unidentifiable by visual examination because of high polish.
Dimensions: Maximum Length: 14.95 cm; Maximum Width: 5.5 cm; Maximum Thickness: 8.6 cm

Townland: Caherconnell
Parish: Kilcorney
Find: Axehead, Stone (fragment)
Description: Polished. Found in a garden in Caherconnell during tillage operations in the parish of Cavor not far from caher of the above name. Cutting-edge portion, narrow and straight cutting-edge. Polished light grey stone.
Dimensions: Maximum Length: 6.2 cm; Width (cutting edge): 5.3 cm; Width (break): 6.6 cm; Maximum Thickness 1.6 cm

Townland: Caherconnell
Parish: Kilcorney
Find: Axehead, Stone
Description: Polished. Found in a garden in Caherconnell during tillage operations in the parish of Cavor not far from caher of the above name. Polished light grey stone. Rather small with round pointed butt. Thick oval cross-section.
Dimensions: Length: 8.6 cm; Width (cutting edge): 4.4 cm; Maximum Thickness 2.45 cm

Townland: Caherconnell
Parish: Kilcorney
Find: Pendant, Stone
Description: Polished. Found in a garden in Caherconnell during tillage operations in the parish of Cavor not far from caher of the above name.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Clooncoose
Parish: Carran
Find: Basket-Stirrup (part of)
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Croagh North
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Axehead, stone
Description: Polished stone axehead of oval section with flattened narrow sides. Butt rounded, cutting-edge slightly damaged. Found in top soil of a field which has been bulldozed
Dimensions: Length: 10.4 cm; Width cutting edge: 5.1 cm; With butt: 2.1 cm; Maximum Thickness: 3.1 cm

Townland: Dangan “Caher Moyle” cashel
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Slag
Description: Fragment of slag, irregular and angular in outline. Roughly triangular in cross-section. Portion broken off at one end for analysis. Weight 320 g. Found at mouth of souterrain in cashel known as “Caher Moyle”.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Dangan, Stone Caher
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Strike-a-light, Stone
Description: Quartz stone with two deep grooves in the centre of its two main faces. Roughly heart-shaped. All found on the site of an ancient caher at Dangan near the village of Ballyvaughan.
Dimensions: Length: 7.1 cm; Width: 5.7 cm; Thickness: 3.1 cm

Townland: Dangan, Stone Caher
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Spindle-whorl, stone
Description: Spindle-whorl of stone, now incomplete. Originally circular in shape and flat on its two main faces and on the outer edge. Cylindrical central perforation. All found on the site of an ancient caher at Dangan near the village of Ballyvaughan
Dimensions: Diameter: 4.9 cm; Thickness: 0.7 cm

Townland: Dangan, Stone Caher
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Pivot-stone
Description: Fragment of triangular pivot stone. Flat on both upper and lower faces and on each of the three sides. The edges of the lower side is bevelled. All found on the site of an ancient caher at Dangan near the village of Ballyvaughan.
Dimensions: Length: 9.2 cm; Thickness: 3.1 cm; Diameter of dep: 5.3 cm; Diameter of hollow: 1.5 cm

Townland: Dangan, Stone Caher
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Burnisher, stone
Description: Long narrow burnisher of grey stone. Flat on the two main faces and slightly concave on the sides. Highly polished. All found on the site of an ancient caher at Dangan near the village of Ballyvaughan.
Dimensions: Length: 6.7 cm; Width: 3.4 cm; Thickness: 1.4 cm

Townland: Dangan, Stone Caher
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Stone, modern
Description: Small flat grey stone, which has been artificially shaped into the shape of a heart. On the front there are short nicks scratched around the top, to give some decoration. All found on the site of an ancient caher at Dangan near the village of Ballyvaughan.
Dimensions: Length: 3.2 cm; Width: 2.6 cm; Thickness: 0.5 cm

Townland: Fahee South, “Cloghan Bridge”, Vicinity of Carran
Parish: Carran
Find: Stone, inscribed
Description: Not given.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Fanore (Beg or More)
Parish: Killanoghan
Find: Object, bronze, ball like, hollow
Description: Small, hollow, ball-like objects of bronze which Mahr (on the file) suggested may be portion of a horse ornament (bridle-pendant?). Has a circular hole through it on one side and next to this is a short straight ridge, 1.2 cm long which appears soldered.
Dimensions: Diameter 1.8 cm; Diameter (hole): 7 mm

Townland: Fanore (Beg or More) Vicinity of Ballyvaughan
Parish: Killanoghan
Find: Arrowhead, Iron (Cross-Bow)
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Fanore (Beg or More) Vicinity of Ballyvaughan
Parish: Killanoghan
Find: Pin, bone, perforated
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Fanore (Beg or More) Vicinity of Ballyvaughan
Parish: Killanoghan
Find: Pin, bone, (perforated)
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Faunrusk, near Ballyvaughan
Parish: Templemaley
Find: Bracelet, Gold
Description: Handle hollow, flower shaped cups are engraved both within and without their lips. Collars decorated with the dog tooth form of ornament. Weighs 2 oz 4 dwt 5 gr.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Glasha More, Toomullin Church Ruins, Vicinity of Doolin
Parish: Killilagh
Find: Harp-peg, bronze
Description: Bronze harp-peg, in good condition. Gradually increases from a diameter of 4 mm at one end to a diameter of 6 mm at the other end which is then squared, the dimensions being 5.5 cm
Dimensions: Maximum Length: 9.5 cm
Townland: Gleninsheen,
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Armlet, bronze
Description: Small bronze armlet, penannular, flat cross-sectioned hoop with slight thickening and expansion at one terminal.
Dimensions: Diameter: 4.5 cm; Width (hoop): 2 mm; Width: (thick-ended): 3 mm

Townland: Gleninsheen,
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Linen-Smoother, Stone
Description: Stone object, probably a linen smoother, which was found with a stone line sinker. It is almost a perfect circle in outline, and has convex upper and lower faces – more so on the upper one. The outer side-edge is almost vertical.
Dimensions: Diameter: 9.9 cm; Maximum Thickness: 5 cm

Townland: Gleninsheen,
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Line-sinker, Stone
Description: Liner-sinker of shale like stone, which was found with a linen smoother. It is very roughly rectangular in shape at the moment, but two of these sides are due to breakage. The other two sides appear to be artificially shaped.
Dimensions: 8.3 cm x 7.2 cm x 1.45 cm; Minimum Diameter of central perforation: 0.6 cm, 2.2 cm in diameter at the widest part.

Townland: Gleninsheen, near Dolmen
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Collar, Gold
Description: Not given.
Dimensions: Not given.

Townland: Gortaclare, Sand-pit
Parish: Oughtmama
Find: Dagger, Bronze
Description: Well preserved, slender, triangular blade. Partly patinated rivets in position. A fourth rivet-hole exists; there is a notch on each side of the hafting plate, which suggests that the dagger originally had six rivets.
Dimensions: Length: 20.9 cm; Maximum Width: 5.7 cm; Maximum Thickness: 7 mm; Rivets vary in length from 1.46 cm to 1.6 cm and are approximately 4 mm in diameter.

Townland: Gragan West, possibly near site of Castle
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Cauldron, Medieval Bronze
Description: Late medieval cast bronze three-legged cauldron with two suspension handles. In an unfinished condition as the casting seams have not been filed down. The casting jet is also present on the underside. The cauldron has a short, slightly everted neck.
Dimensions: Maximum Diameter (mouth): 30.2 cm x 29 cm; Internal Dept: 33.8 cm; Maximum Height: 38.1 cm; Diameter (neck) internal: 24.6 cm

Townland: Gragan West, bog find
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Dagger, Bronze Triangular
Description: Triangular bronze dagger with rounded tang-like projection at butt. In this there is a rivet. In one of the shoulders there is a rivet; the rivet is missing in the other shoulder. The shoulders are at right angles to the long axis of the blade.
Dimensions: Length: 15.2 cm; Maximum Width: 4.9 cm; Maximum Thickness: 2 mm; Length (tang): 2.1 cm; Diameter (rivet hole): 6 mm; Length of rivets: 9.5 mm

Townland: Knocknagroagh
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Axehead, Polished Stone (fragment)
Description: Roughly “D” –shaped in outline and in cross-section. One face is convex, the other is relatively flat. The cutting edge is convex and asymmetrical. The butt-end is missing. surface find.
Dimensions: Maximum Length: 8.2 cm; Maximum Width: 8.4 cm; Maximum Thickness: 1.7 cm

Townland: Knocknagroagh
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Axehead, Polished Stone (fragment)
Description: “D” shaped in outline, oval in cross-section. The cutting edge is slightly asymmetrical. One broad face is somewhat flattened, the other is convex. The butt-end is broken off. Surface find.
Dimensions: Maximum Length: 6.6 cm; Maximum Width: 5 cm; Maximum Thickness: 2.3 cm

Townland: Knocknagroagh
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Axehead, Stone (fragment)
Description: Roughly rectangular in shape, oval in cross-section. One broad face is convex, the other is flat. The cutting-edge is convex and symmetrical. The flat broad face bears a shallow, irregular depression. The butt-end is missing. Surface find.
Dimensions: Maximum Length: 5.2 cm; Maximum Width: 5.8 cm; Maximum Thickness: 1.6 cm

Townland: Knocknagroagh
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Axehead, Polished Stone (fragment)
Description: Roughly “D” in shaped in outline and in cross-section. One face is convex, the other is relatively flat. The cutting edge is convex and asymmetical. The butt-end is missing. Surface find.
Dimensions: Maximum Length: 8.2 cm; Maximum Width: 8.4 cm; Maximum Thickness: 1.7 cm

Townland: Knocknagroagh, tillage field
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Axehead, Polished Stone (fragment)
Description: Portion of the butt of a polished stone axehead. The cross-section was originally rectangular. Found in a tillage field.
Dimensions: Length: 6.5 cm; Width (butt originally): 3 cm; Maximum Width: 4.1 cm Thickness: 1.5 cm

Townland: Knocknagroagh, nature of site – surface soil
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Spindle-Whorl, stone (unfinished)
Description: Flat stone disc with irregular edges. It appears that the specimen is a spindle whorl in course of manufacture. There is a nearly cylindrical perforation in the centre. On both faces there are heavy scores, on one of the faces these form the arms.
Dimensions: Diameter: 3.4 cm; Thickness: 8.5 mm; Diameter (hole): 7 mm

Townland: Lismacteige
Parish: Rathborney
Find: Axehead, Socketed, Bronze
Description: Socketed, looped. Somewhat oval socket mouth. Rim of socket bevelled externally. Narrow groove (5mm wide) immediately below rim on outer surface. The long sides splay outwards to a pronounced convex cutting-edge.
Dimensions: Length: 4.7 cm; Width (cutting edge): 5.2 cm; External axes of mount: 3.7 cm x 2.8 cm

Townland: Mortyclogh
Parish: Abbey
Find: Horn, Powder
Description: Not given.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Murrooghtoohy
Parish: Gleninagh
Find: Shells
Description: Wrongly registered
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Murrooghtoohy
Parish: Gleninagh
Find: Bone, Animal
Description: Wrongly registered
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Murrooghtoohy
Parish: Gleninagh
Find: Bone, Animal
Description: Wrongly registered
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Murrooghtoohy
Parish: Gleninagh
Find: Pins, Bone (one of 2)
Description: Wrongly registered
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Murrooghtoohy
Parish: Gleninagh
Find: Pins, Bone (one of 2)
Description: Wrongly registered
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Newtown
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Bronze (fragment)
Description: Fragment of sheet bronze object, possibly a vessel or cauldron. One straight edge intact. One rivet of bent sheet bronze in position in a slot and there are two other similar slots. Damaged and crumpled.
Dimensions: Length: 4.7 cm; Width: 3.7 cm; Thickness: 1 mm

Townland: Newtown
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Bronze (fragment)
Description: Bronze fragment, possibly a mount. Oval outline with a small tongue of of metal projecting at right angles to the plane of the fragment. The outer surface is ornamented with rows
Dimensions: Length: 2 cm; Width: 1.3 cm; Thickness: 1 mm

Townland: Newtown
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Bronze (fragment)
Description: Fragment bronze. Flat, plain, damaged edges all around. Patina all over.
Dimensions: Length: 2.1 cm; Width: 1.7 cm; Thickness: 1.5 mm

Townland: Newtown
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Bronze (fragment)
Description: Two fragments of bronze object resembling a roseate mount or washer. Central perforation with four lobed petals around. Raised radial lines on one face
Dimensions: Length: 1.6 cm; Width: 1.7 cm; Thickness: 1.5 mm

Townland: Newtown
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Bronze (fragment)
Description: Fragment of bronze object. Possibly part of blade. Flat. Patinated on one face.
Dimensions: Length: 3 cm; Width: 1.7 cm; Thickness: 1 mm

Townland: Newtown
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Bronze (fragment)
Description: Fragment of bronze object. Flat. Possibly corner of mount. A square perforation near the angle. Plain.
Dimensions: Length: 2.3 cm; Width: 1.3 cm; Thickness: 1 mm

Townland: Newtown
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Bronze (fragment)
Description: Length of fine bronze chain. Four conjoined links. Flat cross-section, each link has straight opening in the bend.
Dimensions: Length (chain): 2.8 cm; Diameter (each link): 1.1 cm external, 9 mm internal

Townland: Newtown
Parish: Drumcreehy
Find: Stone Ball
Description: Stone ball, surface ground and polished. Limestone. One of several found during land reclamation.
Dimensions: Diameter: 6.2 cm

Townland: Newtown (near “Listlinna Fort”) vicinity of Ennistimon
Parish: Not given
Find: Stone, perforated
Description: Not given.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Noughaval, Bog find
Parish: Noughaval
Find: Pin, Bronze (Ring-head)
Description: The ring is now broken into two parts, but otherwise perfect. It is of the “key-ring” type, the ends not joining, but overlapping for about half the circumference. Seven parts of the ring (one at each end) are decorated by incised rings.
Dimensions: Length: 16.4 cm; Average Diameter of ring: 4.1 cm

Townland: Oughtmama
Parish: Oughtmama
Find: Spearhead, bronze
Description: Socketed & looped. Sub-rectangular socket-mouth; two opposing short ribs at the apex of the socket internally moulding at rim and again at about 0.5 cm below it at the neck. Both casting seams are quite distinct on either side.
Dimensions: Maximum Length: 6 cm; Width (cutting-edge): 4.25 cm; Diameter (mouth) external: 3.3 cm & 3.7 cm; Thickness (rim): 0.4 cm; Width (loop): 0.6 cm; Length (loop): 1.5 cm

Townland: Poulawack (tumulus)
Parish: Carran
Find: Point, Bone (polished)
Description: Point of bone which was originally polished, evidence for which can still be seen in some places. Round or slightly oval in cross-section. Originally longer as broken short at the base. Found in grave 2.
Dimensions: Length: 13.3 cm; Maximum Diameter: 0.9 cm

Townland: Poulawack (tumulus)
Parish: Carran
Find: Scraper, Flint (side, heavily patinated)
Description: Scraper of white patinated flint which looks as if it might be slightly water-rolled. Steep secondary working around the thick nose. Found in grave 2.
Dimensions: Length: 4.5 cm; Maximum Width: 2.3 cm; Maximum Thickness: 1.2 cm

Townland: Poulawack (tumulus)
Parish: Carran
Find: Potsherd
Description: Very small sherd of rather poorly fired pottery which has a reddish exterior and grey interior. Found in Grave 5.
Dimensions: Thickness: 0.7 cm

Townland: Poulawack (tumulus)
Parish: Carran
Find: Potsherd, Beaker (cord ornamented)
Description: Well-fired sherd of hard buff-coloured ware which has criss-crossed stamped ornament on its outer surface. Probably Beaker, although not identified as such by Henken who compared the ornament with “that seen on food vessels”
Dimensions: 4 cm x 3.9 cm x 0.4 cm

Townland: Poulawack (tumulus)
Parish: Carran
Find: Scraper, Flint, Hollow (heavily patinated)
Description: Hollow scraper of brownish-grey flint now partly white patinated. Fine secondary chipping in the hollow and slightly beyond it at one side. Still slightly cortex-covered.
Dimensions: 4.4 cm x 2.2 cm x 0.5 cm

Townland: Poulawack (tumulus)
Parish: Carran
Find: Tusk, Boar’s
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Poulawack (tumulus)
Parish: Carran
Find: Potsherds x 2
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Poulawack (tumulus)
Parish: Carran
Find: Shell, Oyster
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Poulawack (tumulus)
Parish: Carran
Find: Potsherds x 2 (coarse reddish ware)
Description: Two small potsherds of rather poorly fired ware. The exterior is buff coloured while the interior (missing on B) is blackish.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Poulawack (tumulus)
Parish: Carran
Find: Potsherds x 4 (coarse brown ware)
Description: 4 small, rather poorly fired potsherds not all apparently from the same pot, although that is possible. A is buff-coloured on exterior and grey on interior; B is slightly redder on exterior while interior is now missing, also somewhat grittier.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Poulawack (tumulus)
Parish: Carran
Find: Potsherds x 12 (coarse brown ware)
Description: 12 small potsherds of very friable ware. Sherd A and possibly also sherd D is apparently part of a thick flat rim or the corner of a base sherd. Most are buff-coloured, although some are reddish, on the exterior and grey or blackish on the interior.
Dimensions: Average Thickness: 0.8 cm

Townland: Poulawack (tumulus)
Parish: Carran
Find: Die, Bone
Description: Not given
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Poulnabrone
Parish: Kilcorney
Find: Bone, Human 2 fragments
Description: Two pieces of human bone. 101a is part of the acetabulum of the pelvic bone, 101b is portion of a long bone. Found in the chamber of Poulnabrone portal tomb.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Sheshymore (from mound or cairn)
Parish: Noughaval
Find: Chisel, Stone
Description: Stone object, resembles a chisel. May not be complete. Triangular outline with blunt narrow end. Cutting-edge straight and more bevelled on one face than the other. Fine grained grey stone. Smooth surfaces. From a mound or cairn now destroyed.
Dimensions: Length: 5.5 cm; Width: 2.4 cm; Thickness: 4 mm

Townland: Termon (slab tomb near church)
Parish: Carran
Find: Spindle Whorl, stone
Description: Spindle whorl of smooth buff coloured stone which was found in a roof shaped stone tomb next to the old church in Termon. The central perforation is almost cylindrical. Slightly convex on both main faces and with rounded side-edge.
Dimensions: Diameter: 3.4 cm; Thickness: 8 mm; Diameter (perforation): 8 mm

Townland: Termon (vicinity of Corofin)
Parish: Carran
Find: Spindle Whorls stone (one of two)
Description: Not given.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Termon (vicinity of Corofin)
Parish: Carran
Find: Spindle Whorls stone (one of two)
Description: Not given.
Dimensions: Not given

Townland: Turlough
Parish: Oughtnama
Find: Axe, Polished, stone
Description: Small axehead, polished. Approximating to a pointed triangle in outline, bevelled convex cutting-edge, roughly asymmetrical, worn in antiquity, one side curves towards the butt. Opposite side takes a natural oblique curvature half way down the axehead.
Dimensions: Maximum Length: 16.2 cm; Width: (cutting edge): 4.83 cm; Maximum Thickness: 2.8 cm

Bibliograpy:

Connolly, S.J., (ed) The Oxford Companion to Irish History, Oxford University Press (Oxford 2002)

Gibbons, E, “Guide to the County Clare archives in the Irish Antiquities Division of the National Museum
Of Ireland”, The Other Clare, Volume 24, 2000, pp 52-54

Gibbons, E., Mc Dermott, J., Gibbons, F., County Clare Archives in the Irish Antiquities Division of the
National Museum of Ireland
. (1999, unpublished catalogue)

Hencken, H. O’Neill, “A Cairn at Poulawack, County Clare”, Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries
Of Ireland
, Volume 65, pp 191-222 (Dublin 1935)

Rattigan, J., “Archaeological Finds from the Baronies of Moyarta, Ibrickane and Clonderlaw”, The Other
Clare,
Volume 29, 2005, pp15-21

Rattigan, J., “Archaeological Finds from the Barony of Corcomroe”, The Other Clare, Volume 30, 2006, pp 68-74

Wallace, P.F. O’Floinn, R (eds) Treasures of the National Museum of Ireland – Irish Antiquities, Gill &
Macmillan (Dublin, 2002)


Web Sites:

<< Press Cuttings