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Archaeology of the Burren: Prehistoric Forts and Dolmens in North Clare by Thomas Johnson Westropp

Part II: Kilcorney and the Eastern Valleys: Footnotes

1. I have heard locally strange stories of the untameable recklessness and savage temper of alleged descendants of the fairy horses.

2. Vol. iii., p. 579. He seems to have confused the points of the compass.

3. Gough cites Dr. Lucas in ‘Phil. Trans.’, No. 456, p. 360.

4. ‘Britannia’, iii., p. 483.

5. Du Noyer’s ‘Sketches,’ R.S.A.I. Library, vol. xi., pp. 85, 87.

6. ‘Dindsenchas’ (‘Revue Celtique’), 1894, p. 141.

7. Verse attributed to Art Aeinfer, ‘Proc. R.I.A.’, 3 Ser., vol. iii., p. 535.

8. ‘Journal R.S.A.I.’, 1897, p. 120.

9. Unless a slight oblong at the wall be intended for the northern dolmen.

10. See ‘Dolmens of Ireland’, vol. i., p. 74, for fires lit on cromlechs in Sligo on June 23rd, and in Spain on April 30th.

11. The interesting dolmen at Derrymore is not on the maps, and was only recently pointed out to me by Mrs. Gore of that place. For others, see ‘Dolmens of Ireland’, vol. ii., p. 442, and M. Du Chaillu’s ‘Viking Age’, vol. i., p. 75, and ‘Ancient Swedish Civilisation’, by Dr. Montelius, p. 35, figures 35 and 36.

12. A very small and featureless angular enclosure.

13. Book of Distribution, vol. ii., p. 68 (Clare). It is regretable that the new Ordnance Survey has systematically omitted numbers of most interesting field and hill names, in many of which alone the older townland names survive.

14. The dimensions are fully given on the plan.

15. ‘Fenian Poems’, Ossianic Society, iv., pp. 249 and 259.

16. It is noteworthy that the ‘pooka’ on not a few occasions gives its name to sites where prehistoric remains occur. We find in Clare, besides this dolmen, another at Caherphuca, near Crusheen. In Kerry we find a Cloghaunaphuca, and even the pooka’s footmark, among the Fahan ruins. In Kilkenny ‘The pooka’s grave,’ a dolmen. In Cork Carrigaphucha, which Borlase says is a pillar near an encircled cromlech. In Queen’s County the ‘Dun of Clopoke.’ These show how widespread was this association of the ‘pooka’ with ancient remains.

17. This valley is so denuded of antiquities that, though I have examined it, I must entirely omit it from this Paper. I also reserve the Finnevarra group of forts to a later occasion.

18. See, however, a note by Mr. P. Lynch, in the ‘Journal R. S. A. I.’, 1892, p. 80.

19. Journal’, 1896, p. 152. Such rocks are sometimes called ‘doonaun’ by the peasantry.

20. These outworks occurred in ancient Gaulish forts: for example, the dry-stone rampart made by order of Vercingetorix, on the hill slope of Alesia, ‘maceriam sex in altitudinem pedum preduxerant’ (‘De Bello Gallico,’ vii., c. 69), and the great fort of the Beuvray, near Autun (‘The Mount and City of Autun’, Hamerton, p. 64).

21. Book of Distribution and Survey, Co. Clare, vol. i., p. 474.

22. ‘Dolmens of Ireland’, vol. i., p. 66. The Gleninshen dolmen was not marked on the 1839 map, so I, in ‘R. S. A. I. Journal’, 1894, identified it as the Berneen Cromlech, and was followed by Mr. Borlase.

23. See illustrations of Poulaphuca cromlech, supra, p. 374.

24. Journal’, 1896, p. 364; Borlase’s ‘Dolmens of Ireland’, vol. i., p. 73.

25. ‘Dolmens of Ireland’, p. 809.

26. In Carran about 67 forts and 8 cromlechs remain. In Kilcorney about 28 forts and 4 cromlechs. On Rathborney border, 11 forts and 4 cromlechs. Cragballyconoal and Poulaphuca, 11 forts and 4 cromlechs. Parknabinnia and Glasgeivnagh, 17 forts and 16 cromlechs - in all about 134 forts and 36 cromlechs, 5 gallans, and uncounted cairns. The Dolmens of Ireland having omitted to give plans and descriptions of so many of the cromlechs in this district, I have felt it to be all the more necessary to supply the omission.

 

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