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|Archaeology of the Burren: Prehistoric Forts and Dolmens in North Clare by Thomas Johnson Westropp|
Part VI: Ballyganner Group; Ballyganner Huts; Cahercuttine; Lismoher
Ballyganner Group (O.S. 9)
I found nothing to add to the notes on the forts and dolmens save that Mr. O’Dea, of Ballyganner Castle, told me that the ring-wall enclosing the dolmen  is named Cahernabihoonach, the thieves fort (bitheamnach), and that he never heard the name Cahernaspeekee applied to the fort, so called on the maps. He says that the field called Parccauhernaspeekee (Pairc cathrach na spice) lies to the north-east beyond Caheraneden. Some of these fort names are very vague; in 1887 the name of Caheremon was transferred to the mortar-built ruin called Cashlaunawogga. In 1895 I was told by a herdsman that Ballykinvarga was ‘called Cahernaspeekee, because of its spikes,’ or abattis. As a rule I have rarely found any doubts about fort names in Co. Clare; usually the consensus of the old people is complete, and the doubt only introduced by a young, and therefore less authoritative, person. Dr. Macnamara and I found it equally hard to get genuine names inserted  and inaccurate names  altered on the maps, and sometimes the map names were got by leading questions, a practice we carefully avoided. ‘S. F.’ (Sir Samuel Ferguson) in 1857 gives ‘Caherflaherty’ as the name of Ballykin-varga cathair; this, in 1838, was the name ‘Caherlahertagh,’ given to a fort, beside which the new road from Kilfenora to Noughaval has since been made. Now, the latter name seems forgotten on the ground, and it is called ‘Caherparkcaimeen.’ In the Book of Distribution Ballykinvarga is called ‘Caherloglin’ in 1655; this last one suspects to be Caherlochlannach the Irish equivalent of the late incorrect term ‘Danish Fort;’ but it may be Cathair ui Lochlainor O’Loughlin’s fort’ or ‘Lochlan’s fort.’
In the case of Ballyganner, I fancy that, as the craglands got deserted and became ‘winterages’ for cattle, and the people moved to the roadsides for convenience (especially after the great Famine), the names became useless, save to a few herdsmen, and gradually got confused, and at last forgotten. The younger herdsmen can rarely give any names, while a number known to the older men are almost impossible to locate, for those who remember them are usually too old to bring one spot. O’Donovan’s sad lack of interest in all save the chief forts, and his neglect of the Inquisitions of Elizabeth, James and Charles I and the great Surveys, left the surveyors free to put down names sometimes but vaguely located by their informants. Numerous names well attested in the documents (such as Cahercommaun, Caher-screbeen, Caherminaun, Cahercotteen, and Caheridoula) were found by us to be extant on the ground, and often widely known, though not on the maps.
Ballyganner Huts 
The largest tumulus is of earth and stones 51 feet across, 6 to 8 feet high, and perfect. The other lies 159 feet to the north-east, and is 37 feet across, only 5 feet 6 inches high, the top and centre dug out.
Another hut to the south-east of Caherwalsh is 33 feet across, a fan-shaped court. There is a hut 6 feet inside, with wall 3 feet thick at the south-east corner, touching which and outside it is a circular hut with walls of equal thickness and 6 feet inside. In the field to the south of this last is a house-ring 3 feet thick and 25 feet inside, shown as a small circle on the new maps.
The ancient road near Cahernaspeekee may have been a cattle walk, leading to what appears to be a dry pond and continued beyond it. The only other ancient object I noticed on the last exploration of the townlands is a massive early wall of masonry like Caherwalsh at the O’Dea’s garden, which was probably made in an early bawn.