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A Survey of Monuments of Archaeological and Historical Interest in the Barony of Bunratty Lower, Co. Clare by William Gerrard Ryan

Part 2: Chapter 7: Drumline Parish: Culleen Townland

6” O.S. Sheet number : 51 (Co. Clare)
Reference : 27.2 cm South; 43.6 cm East
Height : c. 55’ O.D.
Shape : oval, with north-south axis greater than east-west one.

Description of site:
Here we have the site of a single walled stonefort now in a poor condition. The fort itself is of a trellised type though this is not very pronounced. The ground slopes from west to east in this area.

In the western part of the site both levels, i.e. interior and surrounding field surface, are similar. However in the east there is an immediate difference of almost ¾ metre in levels outside the single stone wall. This difference increases as one moves to the east.

The single stone wall can be followed over most of the site where it averages less than ½ metre in height by 1 ½ metres in width. It is particularly well represented in the south-eastern corner of the site. Some large stones were used in the wall’s construction while others against the wall area were probably dumped there after being uncovered during agricultural operations in the surrounding field. One difficulty with the wall area, and the site’s interior also, is the nature of the permanent vegetation covering. Much of this consists of hawthorns and is quite heavy over the western part of the site making a full examination difficult. The damage caused by such trees has been added to by the livestock, especially cattle and sheep, that use the stonefort for shelter. These have damaged the low wall to the east, as well as having churned the site’s interior.

Due to the nature of the vegetation cover it was very difficult to accurately measure this site. However field examination did suggest an oval shape with a north-south internal diameter of c. 24 metres and an east-west one of c. 20 metres.

Due to the vegetation cover and damaged nature of the wall it was impossible to find the position of the original entrance. It may have been to the west where site interior and outside levels are similar.

Culleen B: Shot across site, from the north
Culleen B: Shot across site, from the north