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Donated Material: Military, Police & Prison Records


Clare Militia 1810-1811

Title: Clare Militia Muster List
Type: Military Records
Source: Clare Militia Muster Books and Pay List, Public Record Office, Kew, London. Reference: WO 13/2679. Copies of original Clare Militia Muster Book & Pay List provided by Declan Barron of Clare Roots.
Dates: 1810-1811
Transcriber/Donator: Bernadette Quinn, Bradford, UK with assistance of Declan Barron, Larry Parks and Eric Shaw of Clare Roots Society Society

Clare Militia Muster Lists

Clare Militia 1810-1811 - Corporals
Clare Militia 1810-1811 - Sergeants
Clare Militia 1810-1811 - Officers
Clare Militia 1810-1811 - Privates
Clare Militia 1810-1811 - Drummers and Fifers

Clare Militia 1810-1811 - All Soldiers A-Z

History of the Clare Militia 1793-1922

A Declaration of War by France on Britain brought about a new Militia Act for Ireland in 1793. Prior to this in December 1792, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, the Earl of Westmorland, wrote to the British Prime Minister, William Pitt, informing him that the Irish cabinet had decided to form a regulated militia for the defence of Ireland. The Militia, an Auxiliary to the standing army, with the primary duty of providing the first line of defence against an invasion, was also used as a quasi-police force against those fermenting insurrection and participating in agrarian crime.
The Militia was organised around Regiments, mainly by County. The Clare 26th Regiment was of Battalion strength and formed in May 1793. Officers were typically local persons of property with many Non-Commissioned Officers (NCO’s) being English. Rank and File Troops were mainly Irish Peasants and Artisans recruited on a voluntary basis or conscripted by a drawing of lots in local Parishes. Officers were mostly Protestant although Catholics made up nearly three quarters of the Militia. It was possible to insure against being drawn to serve by payment of as little as five (5) shillings.
Regiment units were assigned to counties other than their own for reason of discipline and were rotated frequently. The strength of the Militia was 15,000 in the first year, doubling to 31,000 by 1802 when the force was disembodied. The Crimean War (1853-1856), Indian Munity (1857-1858) and eventually the Boer War at the end of the century required the re-embodiment of the Irish Militia several times.
During WWI the Militia released regular army units by taking on garrison duty although able bodied militiamen could be transferred to the fighting units.
The Militia in the south of Ireland were disbanded in 1922. Units in the north were eventually disbanded in 1953.
The original Clare Militia Muster List dated 1810-1811, consists of 469 personnel: 26 Senior Officers, 25 Sergeants, 26 Corporals, 14 Drummer and Fifer and 378 Privates

Background to the Transcription Project:
Further background information on the Clare Militia can be found in the publication The Other Clare (2003) Vol. 27 page 29 with the title ‘The Clare Militia 1793-1909’ by Kieran Kennedy.

Clare Museum Buckle

Clare Regiment Buckle: from the uniform of the Clare Regiment Militia.
Courtesy of Clare Museum

 

Clare Militia Badge
Clare Militia Badge found on building site at College Grove, Ennis, early 1980's. Courtesy of Clare Museum


Clare Militia Buckle
Courtesy of Clare Museum


Clare Militia 94th Regiment mustard pot Courtesy of Eric Shaw


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Military Records