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Footnotes

1. See Katherine Simms, From Kings to Warlords (Woodbridge, Suffolk 2000), pp. 73-5.

2. Caithréim Thoirdhealaigh, (ed.) Standish Hayes O’Grady, Irish Text Society (London 1929), vol. II, p. 45.

3. Annals of the Four Masters, (ed.) John O’Donovan (Dublin 1856) sub anno 1408.

4. Robert Downing for the Molyneux survey, 1682, see Brian Ó Dálaigh (ed.) The Strangers Gaze (Ennis 1998), p. 63.

5. Sale of Encumbered Estates in Ireland…in the matter of the estate of Francis Gore…rentals and particulars of the lands of Clonroadmore and Lifford and the tolls and customs of the fairs of Clonroad…to be sold by auction in seven lots…9 November 1852…at their court near Henrietta Street, Dublin. Henceforth: Sale catalogue of Clonroad fairs, 1852. Catalogue may be see in Local Studies Centre, Clare County Library, Mill Road, Ennis.

6. Ibid.

7. See Ordnance Survey Map of Ennis, 1917.

8. Corporation Book of Ennis, (ed.) Brian Ó Dálaigh (Dublin 1990), p. 117.

9. Corp. bk. Ennis, p. 163.

10. See Brian Ó Dálaigh, ‘History of an O’Brien Stronghold: Clonroad c. 1210-1626’ in North Munster Antiquarian Journal 29 (1987), pp. 16-31.

11. Report of Commissioners appointed to inquire into the State of the Fairs and Markets in Ireland, [1674], HC 1852-2, xli, p. 66.

12. Registry of Deeds, Dublin, bk. 689, p. 58, no. 473390.

13. Report of Commissioners appointed to inquire into the State of the Fairs and Markets in Ireland, [1674], HC 1852-2, xli, p. 66.

14. National Library of Ireland, Ms. 14101, Lucas Diary, 21 July 1741.

15. Corp. bk. Ennis, p. 364.

16. Corp. bk. Ennis, p. 370.

17. Corp. bk. Ennis, p. 370-1.

18. Corp. bk. Ennis, p. 364.

19. Petworth House Archives, West Sussex, P.H.A. Ms. 1707, Rental of the Irish Estates of Henry Earl of Thomond, 1711, No. 111.

20. Brian Ó Dálaigh (ed.), The Strangers Gaze (Ennis 1998), pp. 92-3.

21. Ibid, p. 90.

22. Registry of Deeds, Dublin, bk. 1881, p. 26 no. 116.

23. National Library of Ireland, Ms. 14101, Lucas Diary, 19-21 July 1741.

24. National Library of Ireland, Ms. 14101, Lucas Diary, 3 Oct. 1741.

25. Samuel Watson, The Gentleman’s and Citizen’s Almanack (Dublin 1771).

26. Registry of Deeds, Dublin, bk. 689, p. 58, no. 473390.

27. Ibid.

28. Clare Journal 11 May 1816.

29. Account of Schedules of Customs, tolls sand duties, delivered to clerks of peace of counties, cities, and towns in Ireland, [458], HC 1823, xvi, p. 149.

30. Ibid.

31. Sale catalogue of Clonroad fairs, 1852, lot no. 7.

32. Returns showing number of disturbances which have taken place in Ireland from 1840-43 inclusive, at the different fairs and markets in the collection of tolls and customs, [589], HC 1843, L, pp. 5-6.

33. Freeman’s Journal 9 May 1846, p. 3. My thanks to Ciarán Ó Murchadha for this reference.

34. Ibid.

35. Sale catalogue of Clonroad fairs, 1852, lot no. 7.

36. I am indebted to Oliver Moylan of the Ennis Cash Company for this information.

37. Registry of Deeds, Dublin, bk.1881, p. 26, no.116.

38. Clare Champion 14 April 2000, p. 21.

39. Registry of Deeds, Dublin, bk. 1881, p. 26, no. 116.

40. A stolen article thrown away by a thief and forfeited to the lord of the manor.

41. A thing that had caused a person’s death and was forfeited to the lord of the manor.

42. Presentation of a man to a church benefice by the lord of the manor.

43. A steward of a nobleman who presided over the court of the manor.

44. Manor court which dealt with petty crime.

45. Court, which dealt with transfer of lands and the rents and services that were due to the lord of the manor.

46. Registry of Deeds, Dublin, bk. 1881, p. 26, no. 116.

47. Ibid.

48. Clare Journal 1 January 1906.

49. Ibid.

50. Clare Journal 2 August 1906.

51. See Brian Ó Dálaigh, ‘Origins, Rise and Decline of the Ennis fairs and markets’ in Cronin, Gilligan and Holton (eds.) Irish Fairs and Markets, Four Courts Press (Dublin 2001).

52. Registry of Deeds, Dublin, bk. 1932, p. 3, no. 270.

53. Ibid.

54. Joseph Robins, Custom House People (Dublin 1993), pp. 109-11.

55. Registry of Deeds, Dublin, bk. 1932, p. 3, no. 270.

56. Clare Champion 26 Oct. 1935, p. 3.

57. Clare Champion 11 May 1935, p. 2.

58. Information supplied by Clare Marts Ltd.

59. Clare Marts Ltd., Clonroadmore, Ennis, Annual Report and Accounts 1988.

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