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Kilrush, County Clare: Notes from c 1760 to 1960 by Senan Scanlan

Kilrush Board of Guardians 1870 - 1930


1870 23rd May (CJ).
There are 320 paupers in Kilrush Workhouse at an average weekly cost of 3s-3¾d per head. The balance in the bank to the credit on the Union is £350.

1870 17th October (CJ).
The number of persons in Kilrush Workhouse is 296 ---- balance to their credit of £450.

1871 18th March (CA).
Attendance at Meetings by Ex-Officio Guardians during 1870.
Col C M Vandeleur M P : 5 times.
R W Borough : 42 times.
Marcus Keane : 0 times.

1871 10th April (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Board of Guardians:
At the last meeting the first of the newly elected guardians: Colonel Vandeleur ,M.P., Robert C. Reeves,J.P. and Cornelius Doherty Esqrs., were elected respectively, Chairman, Vice-Chairman and Deputy Vice-Chairman.

1871 1st May (CJ).
We understand there are ten candidates canvassing for the office of Medical Officer of the Kilrush Union, vacant by the death of Dr. O’Donnell.

1871 22nd May (CJ).
In Kilrush Workhouse:-- 308 paupers. On outside relief 130.

1871 29th May (CJ).
Doctor Henry Molony, of Quin, was on Saturday elected to the office of the Workhouse Medical Officer of the Kilrush Union by a large majority.

1871 2nd October (CJ).
Kilrush Union:
The following were declared contractors for six months from 20th September; Mr. Michael Kelly, white bread per 4lb loaf 6¼d ? and oatmeal £14 per ton: Mr. George Brew, brown bread at 5¾d per 4lb loaf: Mr. Michael Glynn,Indian meal at £8-5s per ton. Messrs. Mahony and Slattery,beef,mutton and best coarse meat.: Mr. Stephen McMahon tea at 1s-11p per llb: Mr. G. Doherty, port wine at 2s per bottle, sherry 1s-6d, raw sugar per llb 4d, refined 6d, whole pepper 8d, mustard 8d, arrowroot 8d per llb, whiskey 16s per gallon, porter 1s-8d per dozen and vinegar 2s per gallon.---

1872 1st February (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians.
--- adopted a resolution that Dr. Griffin late Medical Officer of the Kilkee Dispensary District should be allowed two-thirds of his late salary as a superannuation.

1872 8th April (CJ).
At the meeting of the Board of Guardians of the Kilrush Union on Saturday (30th Ult.) Colonel Vandeleur,M.P.,was re-elected (Chairman): R.W.C. Reeves, Deputy-Chairman: and C. Dowling Esq Deputy-Vice-Chairman.

1872 23rd May (CJ).
-- Number remaining in the workhouse – 283—of these 180 were in hospital and infirmary --- 49 of the latter being sick and 131 convalescents ---.

1873 29th December (CJ).
Colonel Vandeleur M P with his usual thoughtfulness ordered a plentiful supply of snuff and tobacco on Christmas Day to the inmates of the workhouse.

1874 23rd March (CJ).
Kilrush Union: ----- Number remaining in the workhouse 326.

1874 23rd March (CJ).
Kilrush Union:
Major Studdert, J.P., Fort House is making a canvass for the Vice-Chairmanship of the Kilrush Board of Guardians.

1874 7th May (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Colonel Vandeleur, D.L, in the chair.

1874 22nd September (FJ).
The Kilrush Guardians:
The Guardians of the Union met on Saturday, R.W.C. Reeves, Esq, J.P. In the chair. There were also present:
Messrs. B. Cox, J.P.: Major R.M. Studdert, J.P.: C. Wolfe: R.H.Borough,J.P, J.P.: M.S. Brew, R.W. Borough,J.P.: J.O'Donnell, W. Studdert, Counsellor O'Brien, P.J. Breen, Matthew Kelly,J.P., Cragbrian: P. O'Dea, E.B. Browne, J.P.: T.Sheedy,S, S. Kett, S. Hennessy, M.Kelly, T. Jordan, G. Doherty, D.V.C: J. Sexton, T. Healey, P. Cunningham, G. Blackhall, J.J. Cox, J. McGuire. Drs. Molony, Pegum, and Counihan occupied seats on the board, also a Mr. Miniter a Veterinary Surgeon. -------

1874 29th September(IT).
Either the workhouse walls at Kilrush are very low or some of the assistant nurses are capital climbers. The porter of the hospital caught two of these ladies in the very act of scaling the wall. Not that they wanted to get away from the workhouse, but because they desired to have a jollification as a solarium for their midnight watching. We are compelled to support nature by whiskey and tea from certain parties outside-as yet.

1874 5th November (CJ).
Kilrush Union: number remaining in the workhouse 301.

1874 16th November (IT).
Kilrush Union.
At a meeting of the Guardians on Saturday a pauper named Ryan, who had brought some charges against the master which the Board utterly declined to believe, conducted himself in a very disorderly manner, threatening to write to the Lord Lieutenant to have justice done. Finally, the pauper was ejected from the Boardroom.

1874 1st December (FJ).
The Public Health Act: Kilrush, Sunday.
At the weekly meeting of the Kilrush Sanitary Authority on Saturday, R.W.C. Reeves,Esq, J.P., presiding, a letter was read from the Local Government Board to the effect that that body had before them the scale of additional salaries proposed by this board for the sanitary officers appointed under the Public Health Act, and expressing its sanction to the additional salary fixed for the executive officer, Mr. Warren -namely,£20 a year, and the additional salary of £10 for Sanitary Sub-Officer Mr. Daly, for Kilrush: but at the same time pointing out that the other two relieving officers,Messrs. Kelly and Keane,were only entitled to one-fourth of £35 each, and asked the board to reconsider these latter salaries.------.

1874 23rd December (FJ).
Sudden Death at the Kilrush Workhouse:
On Monday morning at the Kilrush Workhouse, a lunatic named Bluney was found dead in the bed. A coroner's inquest was held yesterday by Mr. Francis O'Donnell, Kilkee, and, after examining several witnesses, the jury returned a verdict to the effect that the deceased died from epilepsy, and further, that none of the officers were to blame.

1875 7th January (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Number remaining in the workhouse: 347

1875 19th January (FJ).
Kilrush Union. Kilrush, Monday.
The weekly meeting of the guardians of this Union was held on Saturday-Colonel Vandeleur in the chair. The other guardians present were- M.S. Brew, Counsellor O'Gorman, J.P., Robert Borough, Cornelius Doherty, D.V.C.: George Blackhall, Peter Cunningham, Simon Kett and Anthony Nolan. Drs. Counihan and Molony were also in attendance. ---.

1875 28th January (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians meeting on Saturday, Colonel Vandeleur Chairman.
Number in the Workhouse 342.

1875 12th March (IT).
The Kilrush Board of Guardians rewarded their porter munificently yesterday. A fire had occurred in the Workhouse on Saturday, and the porter exerted himself manfully to extinguish the flames. In doing so, he singed his coat, which, it seems, he wore when working so hard, but the guardians generously compensated him. Whether the compensation is given to the porter, with the singed garment, or without it we are not informed. But, encouraged, we suppose, by the success of the porter, the master and other officials have lodged similar claims against a fire insurance office, if they succeed, as they probably will, the officials in Kilrush Workhouse will all rejoice in new suits at the same time.

1875 3rd April (Nation).
Of the sixteen gentlemen nominated as Guardians for the Kilrush Union, only eight were to go to the poll on Thursday. For Kilrush Messrs. Studdert and Dalton are returned, Mr. Bulger having withdrawn: and of the two former guardians, Mr. M. Drew is in for Querrin, and Mr. Hennessy has resigned. The Conservatives will this year form a majority on the Kilrush Board. ----

1875 11th May (FJ).
Emigration to America. - Kilrush Monday.
At the meeting of the Kilrush board of guardians on Saturday, in connection with a communication from the Local Government Board on the subject of assisting paupers to emigrate, the chairman said that emigration was the ruin of the country, and was it for the board to assist them to leave?. Mr. Borough said they were assisting those parties to ruin, and Mr. Cox concurred. The matter then dropped.

1875 31st May (FJ).
Poor Law Medical Officers. Kilrush, Sunday.
At the meeting of the Kilrush Board of Guardians yesterday, Mr. Doherty, D.V.C. Presiding, Mr. O’Dea moved that the resolution unanimously adopted by the board six months ago be carried out, and that the Local Government Board be requested to compel Dr. Sullivan to reside in his district at Kilmihil, instead of the town of Kilrush, a distance of eight miles from it. After a long discussion, the motion was agreed to.

1875 7th June (IT).
Kilrush Union:-
At the meeting of the Kilrush Board of Guardians in Saturday, Mr Randal Borough, J.P., in the chair, the decision of the Local Government Board was to hand, in reference to a matron of great importance to medical officers of all Unions. A fortnight ago, the matron of the workhouse, Mrs.O'Keeffe,made charges against the medical officer,Dr. Mahony, accusing him of ordering her out of the female ward while he was paying his visits. Dr. Moloney then said he would allow neither the master nor matron to be present while he was paying his visits. The guardians sought the decision of the authorities in Dublin. The Local Government Board, in their reply, regarded it as improper that the master or matron should force themselves into the hospital while he was present against his will, and that it is equally clear that the medical officer should be allowed to exercise the right of discharging his duties in the manner he thinks fit, and if he objects to the presence of any person but the nurse, his objection should be allowed to prevail.

1876 9th March (CJ).
--- Workhouse Improvements:
The improvements to the Kilrush Workhouse, Hospital, for the accommodation of the Sisters of Mercy, as nurses are almost completed by the excellent firm of A.Morrissey and Sons, Henry Street, Kilrush.

--- Number remaining in the workhouse ----318.

1876 2nd October (CJ).
At the Kilrush Board of Guardians, lately Mrs. Boyle, John Street, Kilrush was declared contractor for a year for printing the Union work for a sum of £24. Mr. George Brew was taken as contractor for supplying best white bread per 4lb loaf 6½d and for brown do. at 5½d. ---.

1876 11th October (FJ).
Union Rating: Kilrush, Monday.
At the meeting of the Kilrush guardians on Saturday, Colonel Vandeleur in the chair, Mr. Reeves landed in the following notice of motion in reference to the walling-in of the Union burial grounds, which in many instances are in a disgraceful state. - without a wall to keep off pigs and other animals;- “ I will move on this day week that the Local Government Board be asked to rescind their scaled order of the 1st of May 1873,assessing the rate for enclosing graveyards in this Union as a Union charge, and be requested to make the said rate an electoral division charge”. The Board then adjourned.

1876 28th December (CJ).
The paupers of the Kilrush Workhouse:
On Christmas Day the inmates of this establishment were treated to a sumptuous breakfast and dinner by the guardians which the paupers acknowledge with gratitude. --- The meat was supplied by Messrs. John Reidy and Sons, Frances Street. ---.

1877 7th June (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians:
-- Remaining in the Workhouse 325--- in receipt of outdoor relief 231.

1877 12th November (CJ).
Mr. Bourke D.L. Local Government Board Inspector has just paid one of his periodic visits to the Kilrush Workhouse and reported that he was quite pleased with the management of the establishment.---
Crofton Vandeleur,D.L., the popular chairman of the Kilrush Board of Guardians with characteristic generosity sent a large quantity of apples from his orchard on November Eve to the poor inmates of the Workhouse.

1878 14th March (CJ).
Number remaining in the Workhouse 344, in infirmary 117, in fever hospital 2.

1879 30th October (KH).
Kilrush Board of Guardians:
Have declared Mr. Matt Mescal, Market Square, Kilrush contractor for supplying the Workhouse with tea for the ensuing six months at 1s-5½d per llb.

1879 6th November (KH).
Kilrush Union: number remaining in the Workhouse 333.

1880 6th February (IT).
Distress in Ireland:-Kilrush:
A report was read showing that there were 684 persons in receipt of outdoor relief from the Board of Guardians and that works at Kilrush and Kilkee were being conducted by committee of residents in a way that gave employment to the greatest possible number of persons. On the seaboard there was great distress felt. A rumour that the Duchess of Marlborough was going to send £100 for seed had the effect of making several poor families make a harder struggle to tide over the
distress till relief came. The want of seed was becoming the most serious matter in portions of the Union. The committee voted a further grant of £100. ---------------.

1880 11th February (IT).
Kilrush Union: - Thanks to the Duchess of Marlborough.
A letter was read from Mr. Augustus Warren, Clerk of the Kilrush Union, communicating a copy of a resolution passed unanimously by the board of guardians at their meeting on the 7th inst.-Mr. R.W.C. Reeves in the chair-on the motion of Mr. Michael S. Breen, seconded by Mr. Michael Behan, viz.:- “That we ,the guardians of the poor of the Kilrush Union, hereby tender our best thanks and sincere gratitude to her Grace the Duchess of Marlborough for the large benevolence she had shown in alleviating distress in Ireland by raising a voluntary fund for that noble object, thus evincing, by her indefatigable exertions, the great concern her Grace takes in the condition of the Irish people”.

1880 18th March (KH).
There are 404 paupers in the Kilrush Workhouse. ---.

1880 24th June (CJ).
---- Number of paupers remaining in the Workhouse is 342.

1881 8th March (CJ).
State of the Workhouse: remaining in the house 358 admitted 5 discharged and died 7 remaining in the workhouse 356. --- corresponding week last year 391

1881 30th July (IT).
Workhouse Discipline at Kilrush: - (House of Commons)
Mr. Foster said he was sorry to state that it was true that a female pauper of unsound mind in Kilrush Workhouse, County Clare, had been found pregnant. An inquiry had been held by an inspector of the Local Government Board but the poor woman was so imbecile that nothing could be made out of her statement. The nurse who was in charge of the workhouse ward in which the woman was placed did not appear to have properly or carefully performed her duty in reference to the matter, and she had been dismissed by order of the Local Government Board. He thought it unnecessary to publish the report, and its substance had been communicated to the board of guardians.
Mr. O'Shea-Were the representatives of the Press refused admission to the inquiry?
Mr. Forster-I cannot say whether they were or were not.

1881 12th September (IT).
Kilrush Union:-
The Board of Guardians of the above Union will, on the 17th instant consider Tenders for supplying the Workhouse and Dispensaries with Medicines and Medical Appliances, for 12 months from the 29th instant, to be delivered carriage free and no charge for empties. On the same day, Tenders for the usual Yearly and Half-Yearly Supplies (clothing excepted) will be considered.
By Order: Augustus Warren, Clerk of Union, Workhouse Office, Kilrush, 9th September 1881.

1881 12th September (CJ).
Kilrush Union: The Burial Ground at Scattery:
Mr. Seedy stated that he had been at Scattery, during the week and that the lovely burial ground built by the Kilrush Union some time ago was in a shocking state. A donkey had been kept within the walls as there was no gate he believed the donkey had been put over the wall. He thought it would be necessary to have a caretaker appointed. An order was made to have the owner of the donkey prosecuted.

1882 5th June (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Number remaining in the Workhouse 356.

1883 8th March (CA).
Kilrush Union:
--- Tender for constructing an intersecting sewer near Doyle’s Pump, Henry Street.---

1884 14th January (CJ).
Kilrush Union.
The Kilrush Board of Guardians have decided not to become contributors to the support of the National Teachers.

1884 14th February (CJ).
Mr. John Pilkington, for several years Master of the Kilrush Workhouse is dead.

1884 17th March (CJ).
Hector Stewart Vandeleur, D.L. Presided at the last meeting of the Kilrush Board of Guardians. Mr. Michael Harvey was elected Master.

1884 5th June (CJ).
Kilrush Union. Election of Master of the Workhouse.
---- The final poll was between Mr. Patrick Roughan of Kilrush and Mr. J.B. McInerney of Kilkee, and the former was elected by a majority of two.---- The newly elected Master is labouring under a physical defect through lameness.---

1885 4th May (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Number remaining in the workhouse 309.

1886 7th January (CJ).
The labourers Act: Kilrush Tuesday.
At a special meeting of the Guardians of the Kilrush Union as a rural sanitary authority, Mr. George Blackwell, vice-chairman presiding. --- A letter was read from the Local Government Board stating that – in no case can the extent of land to be given with a labourer’s cottage exceed half-an-acre but that it could be less than half-an-acre.---

1886 3rd April (IT).
Resignation of the Chairmanship of the Kilrush Board of Guardians:
At the weekly meeting of the Kilrush Guardians held on Saturday. - Mr. Blackhall, Vice-Chairman, presiding –Mr. Warren, clerk, read a letter from the Chairman of the Board, Mr. Reeves, D.L., late Conservative candidate for West Clare, resigning his position as chairman of the Board. Mr Reeves has been for 20 years either vice-chairman or chairman.

1886 22nd April (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Number remaining in the Workhouse 338:

1886 1st May (IT).
Boycotting a Public Board.
Last Week at the meeting of the Kilrush Board of Guardians-Mr. O’Connell, deputy vice-chairman presiding-on the occasion of opening tenders for supplying the workhouse with milk, there was read the application of Mr. Charles Martin, ex-guardian, who is head bailiff to Mr. H.S. Vandeleur, D.L., and whose horses were boycotted at the Kilrush Steeplechases.
Mr. Behan, guardian for Knock, objected to Martin's tender being accepted on any terms. ---

1886 27th September (IT).
The Kilrush Guardians and the Government.
At a special meeting of the Board of Guardians of the Kilrush Union held today- Mr. Studdert Gibson, chairman, presiding: the following resolutions were passed unanimously amid applause, and copies of the same were ordered to be forwarded to Lord Salisbury, the Lord Lieutenant, and Mr. Parnell-Resolved- “That we condemn in the strongest manner the action of Lord Salisbury's Government in opposing Mr. Parnell's bill staying evictions in this unparalleled season of depression: and as the representatives of the people of West Clare, we again warn this coercion Government of the dangerous and exasperating motives of their policy in waging war against a poverty-stricken and much oppressed people.------------.

1886 4th November (CJ).
Sworn investigation at the Kilrush Workhouse: Kilrush Tuesday.
On yesterday Mr. M.L. Micks, Local Government Board Inspector, at 11 o’clock summoned a sworn investigation into certain charges preferred against the responsible officers of the establishment, by an inmate of the house named Wm. Carthy --- who swore that the master fed his poultry out of the house property --- that he frequently came to the Workhouse drunk.-----

1887 14th March (CJ).
M. S. Gibson Esq, Chairman of Kilrush Union has, on the nomination of the Very Rev. Dr. Dinan, P.P., V.G., been unanimously re-elected as guardian of the poor for the town and district of Kilrush.

1887 11th April (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Number remaining in the Workhouse 316. -----

Bread Contract: The master again reported that the bread supplied by Mr. Ryan during the week was sour. -----

Whiskey Contract: --- Two tenders for a quarter cask of whiskey -- from Mrs. Fox, Kilrush and Mr. Thomas Fitzgerald, Kilrush. Tender of Mrs. Fox was accepted at 18s per gallon. ---

1887 12th September (CJ).
Kilrush Union:
-- still continues in a very bad financial condition. The balance against the guardians now amounts to £1,660 while there is outstanding in rates the very large sum of £4,567 to which great pressure is being put on the collectors.

1887 23rd December (New Zealand Tablet).
Clare: ---
On September 24th, the gates of the Kilrush Workhouse were strongly barricaded, and the entrance to the boardroom was protected by stalwart paupers with pitchforks, in order to prevent the police being present during the meeting of the Guardians. The meeting which was held without opposition passed a resolution censuring the Government for suppressing the National League branches in the County. ----

1888 (History of Kilrush, J. F. McGrath, Unpublished 1952 Available at Kilrush Library).
Board of Guardians:
Robert William Cary Reeves, J.P., D.L., Bessborough House, Killimer, (Chairman)
George Blackhall, Killard, Doonbeg, Vice-Chairman.
Thos. Sheedy, Kilkee, Deputy Vice-Chairman.
National Bank, Kilrush. Treasurers
Augustus Warren, Broomhill, Clerk and Returning Officer of the Board.
Patrick Roughan and Mary O'Keeffe. Master and Matron of the Union.
V. Rev. M. Dinan, P.P., Kilrush, Roman Catholic: Ven. Arch. W. Wolseley, A.M. Church of Ireland (Chaplains)
Dr. Bartholomew Madigan. Medical Officer.
Carroll Daly, Moore Street: Michael Downes, Carrigaholt: Francis Keane, Kilkee. Relieving Officers.
Daniel Breen, Patrick Kelly, R. Fitzpatrick. Rate Collectors.
Augustus Warren. Supt. Register of Deaths, Births and Marriages. Clerk of the Union.
(Robert William Cary Reeves, J.P., D.L., Bessborough House, Killimer, (Chairman) resigned - see 3rd April 1886 above and 9th April 1888 below)

1888 26th January (CJ).
Kilrush Union:
A letter was read from the Rev. Father McKenna, recommending to the Board an application for outdoor relief made by a woman named McMahon whose husband was confined in Clonmel Jail under the Crimes Act. – Relief could not be given, the husband having been convicted before a court.—

1888 6th February (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Number remaining in the Workhouse 333.

1888 5th March (CJ).
Kilrush Union: The Milk Contract.
Dr. Madigan complained of the milk supplied to the sick inmates and said according to his test it was not up to the standard required.
-- The paupers are constantly complaining of the bread. ----

1888 9th April (CJ).
Kilrush Union:
Mr. Michael Behan was unanimously elected Chairman, Mr. Thomas Lillis, Vice-Chairman and Mr. Patrick Connell, Deputy Vice-Chairman. – All ex-officio guardians were absent.

1889 14th January (CJ).
---- Letter read from the Local Government Board declining to sanction the appointment of Mr. Thomas Scanlan,C.E. as Inspector and Valuer under the Contagious Diseases Animals Act as he had not the proper qualifications for the office.—

1889 24th January (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Adulterated Milk.
The guardians of the Kilrush Union had two contractors named John Cushen of Ballykett and Mary Hunt of Monmore summoned. --- for supplying milk which had been adulterated with 26 per cent of its weight of water. ---

1889 7th March (CJ).
--- The Kilrush Local Authority have selected Mr. John J. Kelly, M.R.C.V.S., -- for the appointment of Veterinary Inspector and Valuer under the Contagious Disease Animals Act.--.

1889 22nd July (CJ).
--- Number remaining in the Workhouse 301: Number getting outdoor relief 688.
-- arising out of the minutes, Mr. Devine complained that 100 eggs were too much to be used in the house weekly.
Mr. Warren: 100 last week, 111 the previous week, 135 the week before and 154 and 173 on previous weeks.
Mr. Devine: Now what about the whiskey?
Mr. Warren: 52 glasses of whiskey and 45 glasses of wine this week ---- so you see the stimulants to the sick are decreasing too. ----.

1889 24th August (Nation)
A Kilrush correspondent of the Freeman's Journal writes that the greatest indignation prevails throughout West Clare regarding the utterances of the Chief Secretary in the House of Commons and the letter by Colonel Turner reflecting on the Very Rev. Dr. Dinan, P.P. and V.G., Kilrush and the Clare priests. The public bodies of the county are commencing to take prompt action in repelling this gross insolence. At the usual weekly meeting of the guardians of the Kilrush Union, Mr Michael Behan, chairman of the board presiding, with a full attendance of other guardians, the following resolution was passed- Resolved “That we, the Guardians of the Kilrush Union, in meeting assembled, do strongly protest against the levity of the language used by Colonel Turner towards the most respected Vicar-General of Kilrush, the Very Rev. Dr. Dinan, and the priests of the deaconate, and we believe the clergy of West Clare, to be the greatest means of keeping the people within the law, considering the great provocation the unfortunate people are subjected to by Balfour and his Removables. That a copy of this resolution be sent to the Very Rev. Dr. Dinan.”

1890 5th April (KH)
Board of Guardians: A vote of thanks passed to the vicar:
--- “Resolved: That we sincerely congratulate the Very Rev. Dr. White, P.P., V.G., for the generous and determined stand he has taken on behalf of the working man of West Clare – in supporting the South Clare Railway – which will provide so much needed employment for the next three years and in supporting a movement to have all opposition to this useful scheme withdrawn”.

1890 26th May (CJ).
The Kilrush Board of Guardians on Saturday accepted Mr. Thomas Mahony’s tender for the supply of 150 tons of best four foot Wigan coal at 18s-11d per ton at Merchant’s Quay of £1-0-5d carted and weighed at the workhouse yard. There was a tender from a Liverpool merchant at 18s per ton.

1890 7th June (KH).
Kilrush Union: number remaining in the Workhouse 320.

1890 20th December (KH).
Kilrush Union:
Michael Mescall, Chairman presiding, others Messrs John Culligan, J.P. Luke O'Brien, T.C., John Keane, Patrick Connell, D.V.G., Anthony McNamara, Murty Murrihy.

1891 21st February (KH).
Kilrush Union: number remaining in the Workhouse 319.
Kilrush Union: The Bread Contract:
The tender of Mr. A. Ryan to supply the best white bread 5d per 4 llb loaf and best brown bread at 4½d per 4 llb loaf was unanimously accepted.----.

1891 7th September (CJ).
Kilrush Union:
The Veterinary Department, Dublin Castle has intimated to the Kilrush Guardians their sanction to the increase of salary voted to Mr. J.J. Kelly, V.S., from £35 to £45.---

1892 13th February (KH).
Kilrush Union: number remaining in the Workhouse 337.

1892 17th February (Nenagh Guardian).
At the last meeting of the Kilrush Board of Guardians the following resolution, in reference to the removal of the Very Rev. Dr. White, and the Rev J. McKenna, C.C., was unanimously passed: Proposed by Michael Carmody, seconded by Thomas Lillis, V.C., - “Resolved that we the Kilrush Board of Guardians, in meeting assembled, beg most respectfully to express our sincere and heartfelt sorrow for the departure from amongst us of the two holy and zealous priests -------.

1892 24th June (KH).
Kilrush Union; number remaining in the Workhouse 340.

1893 17th July (CJ).
From an infected port:
At the Kilrush Board of Guardians meeting on Saturday --- Dr. Counihan stated that he recently visited the steamship Nedgid which arrived in the river from Bombay, an infected port under cholera regulations. -- after putting the vessel in a good sanitary condition he allowed her to proceed to her destination. ---.

1893 9th December (CJ).
-- The Kilrush Guardians --- unanimously approved the annual supply of boots and shoes sent in by local contractor, Mr. Jeremiah Hannan, Moore Street. ---

1893 11th December (CJ).
Kilrush Union:
-- The members of the Kilrush Town Commissioners have been surcharged £13 by Mr. Ellis (Local Government Auditor) the cost of pipes laid down by them for conveyance of water from Colpoys Well to the Convent of Mercy. ---

1894 24th February (KH).
Kilrush Union: Number remaining in the Workhouse 353.

1894 9th April (CJ).
At the first meeting of the new Board which was held today there were present Messrs. M. Mescall, J. Culligan, P.H. Reidy, T. Lillis, A. McNamara, M. Carmody, F. Corry, J. Crotty, D. Considine, M. Behan, F. Griffin, S. Kett, D. Collins, J. Mulqueen, M.Callinan, J. Sexton and Dr. Wm. Sexton, Medical Officer and Mr. T. Sheedy, Board’s engineer.---
--- Resolution passed --- with deep regret the demise of an esteemed ex-officio member of this Board, Mr. Benjamin Cox, J.P., who had for over forty years acted conscientiously in this capacity both in the interests of the sick poor and the ratepayers ---
The Board was then adjourned.

1894 18th June (CJ).
---- Mr. Patrick O’Reilly, merchant, Lower Moore Street, Kilrush has been selected as contractor for tea to the Kilrush Workhouse.

1894 20th August (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Number remaining in the Workhouse 305.

1895 18th February (CJ).
-- Mr F.J. O’Doherty, J.P., has been placed on the list of ex-offico guardians of the Kilrush Union in room of Mr N. S. O’Gorman deceased.

1895 25th February (CJ).
Kilrush Union Workhouse: Sworn Inquiry against charges against the Medical Officer:
Today Mr E. Burke, L.G.B. inspector, opened an inquiry in the Boardroom of the Workhouse here into charges preferred by Mr Eager against the Medical Officer of the House, Dr. Sexton.
The allegations – were three-fold:
-- That on a date not given Dr. Sexton was under the influence of drink having fallen over a bed of an infirmary patient named Quinn
-- That the Master had accused him of drunkenness –
-- That he carried his child in his arms with only his night dress as a covering through the public street while under the influence of drink.----

1895 29th April (CJ).
--- The master reported that Mr Andrew Ryan, who had been declared contractor for paraffin at five pence a gallon, had refused to supply it during the week.--- some had to be purchased locally and was more expensive and Mr Ryan said he would pay the difference --- Mr Ryan had no paraffin at present.---

1895 25th May (KH).
Kilrush Union: number remaining in the workhouse 332.

1895 1st July (CJ).
Kilrush Union: The case of the Medical Officer:
--- A communication received from the L.G.B. refusing to allow the Medical Officer, Dr. Sexton to retain his position for three months and stating that should he fail to tender his resignation within a week -- he would be dismissed. Dr. Sexton who was present refused to comply. A warm scene ensued between him and the clerk.

1895 8th July (CJ).
--- Resignation of Medical Officer ---- Dr. P.J. Crowley appointed “Locum Tenens” –

1895 29th July (CJ).
The appointment of Dr. Foley as Medical Officer of the Kilrush Workhouse gave rise to much rejoicing --- a crowd proceeded by men carrying lighted tar barrels on planks paraded around Kilrush opposite Dr. Foley’s residence in Frances Street –cheers were given.---

1896 25th January (KH).
Kilrush Union: Number remaining in the Workhouse 344.

1896 15th February BMJ Reports on the Nursing and Administration of Irish Workhouses and Infirmaries @ http://www.workhouses.org.uk

XIX-- Kilrush Workhouse Infirmary Co. Clare.
This house is finely situated, standing on a hill outside the town overlooking the wide estuary of the Shannon. The buildings are distributed on both sided of the road, the body of the house and the probationary wards on the one hand, and on the other, the infirmary and the fever hospital. The infirmary is practically the hospital of the district: patients requiring hospital treatment who did not avail themselves of the aid provided here would have to go right across the island to Dublin as the most accessible place. The medical officer, Dr. Foley, courteously offered to take us around the buildings, and we turned in through the gate that opened into the Infirmary Enclosure:
Here were two whitewashed two-storied buildings: the first is the infirmary and the other for fever patients. The wards are on the plan which must now be very familiar to our readers-long, narrow, and low pitched, with the beds on either side and a narrow passage down the middle: the walls are whitewashed, the rafters exposed to view: the small latticed windows are iron framed, the fireplaces old and with rusty grates. The bedsteads are of the old pattern, and have straw ticks and pillows. The latter are so unsuitable for the sick that we never cease to wonder that they have not long since been superseded by feather pillows.

The Female Wards were decidedly overcrowded, the bedsteads being much too close together: 18 and 22 patients were placed in wards suitable for only 12 beds respectively. In winter there is yet greater pressure on the accommodation. There was not room between the beds for a chair or small table, and the cubic space per bed was evidently most deficient. Most of the female patients were chronic cases. We noticed one sad case of Bright's disease, the patient being very dropsical and unable to lie down. Among the patients were some harmless lunatics who required nursing. Not many of the patients were able to be up.
At the end of each ward, a small space was partitioned off to serve as a lavatory, and we also noticed a dwarf screen across the door to protect from the draught. Some attempt had been made to enliven the general aspect by the use of plants and pictures, and the appearance of both wards and patients was clean and cheerful. On the ground floor is a small ward used for a paying patient, male or female.

The Male Infirmary was not so crowded with patients but the beds are placed quite as close, and we understand that in winter there is the same pressure on both sides. Here also the cases under treatment were chiefly chronic or infirm cases, but as more of the men were able to be out of bed, it was evident that the ward was comparatively empty of serious cases. The structural arrangements are the same. There are no day rooms attached to the infirmary. Behind is a long low building like a shed, for infirm men and women.

The Fever Hospital, forms part of the infirmary structure, but there is provision for the complete isolation of patients. Of these, there were two under treatment for typhoid fever, on the ground floor, the large ward on the first floor being empty. This is the only part of the infirmary to which an inside convenience is attached, and even this is in an insanitary situation, being in immediate contact with the ward and ill ventilated. The windows of the hospital are small square apertures placed high in the wall. The plastered walls are whitewashed.

The Nursing of the hospital and of the infirmary is carried on by nuns, assisted by the inmates: at night there is one trained nurse on duty for the infirmary. The latter officer is most uncomfortably circumstanced: her room, a small one adjacent to the ward, is the only one available as a casual ward, and is at times used as such. The nuns are not trained, but the Superior has worked in the Limerick Hospital, and has thus gained experience of various forms of disease. Crossing the road (the Cooraclare Road), we entered

The Workhouse Proper, where are quarters for the old people, the lunatics, the infants, and the able-bodied. On the day of our visit the inmates numbered 326, of whom 117 were on the doctor's books. From this it will be seen that Kilrush is a large Union, serving a considerable tract of the wild coast district. The hospital buildings are appropriate to.

The Lunatics, who are on both floors. There are 19 males and 23 females, under the charge of paid attendants, lodged in dormitories, not cells: the more infirm are on the first floor, with whom, also, are the epileptics and harmless imbeciles. There is one cell on each side, used very occasionally for the detention of an unmanageable patient. The employment of paid attendants has a distinctly beneficial effect on this unhappy class: their appearance was far less wretched that common and the wards looked better cared for. The small airing courts at the back, paved with stone on the men's side and turfed for the women, are the only recreation ground for the lunatics.

The Old Men and Women we found as usual in the wings. In each ward were about 18 beds of the “harrow” frame make, with straw ticks: the walls were whitewashed, the flooring of the room above exposed, one fireplace in each ward, on which was a turf fire. A window had been opened in the side of each ward, in addition to those at either end: this made the wards a little less dark and dreary than some we have seen, but there was as usual an utter absence of anything approaching comfort in these quarters for the aged and infirm. As there are no day rooms, or rather no place worthy of the name, these poor old people have no relief from the monotony of their existence.

The Nurseries, for there are two, are in the same wing as the old women: in the first nursery the children from 2 to 5 years old are kept. Here were about ten children, under the care of an inmate. As the room is both a day and night nursery, the cots or beds half-filled it: the children were all up, except one child who appeared to be seriously ill. We looked in vain for any bathing apparatus, or any of the usual appliances of a children’s apartment. The room was unspeakably dreary, its inhabitants dirty and unkempt, and the atmosphere foul. The second nursery, for the use of mothers with their infants under two years, was no better, if anything worse, for we found here, as elsewhere, that pauper-mothers make bad nurses: the infants were dirty, untidy, and fretful, the room dreary and dark, the air close and unwholesome. There are no sanitary appliances for the use of this department.
The Maternity Ward is a small room in the house: the confinements are about 10 in the year.

The Domestic Offices are quite antiquated: the kitchen has the time-honoured two boilers, large unwieldy receptacles difficult to empty and clean, each with its separate furnace. The laundry showed no advance on its primitive conception: there was a complete absence of labour-saving machinery, though, as we were informed, the supply of able-bodied is quite insufficient for carrying on the work of the house. The dirty soap-suds stood un-emptied in the tubs: the drying room is heated by a stove only. The infirmary has a so-called kitchen, but there is no range, only a large open fireplace, which wastes the coals and also the time of the cook. The only baths are in the probationary wards, and no water is laid on to the various departments. Of course there is no hot water except such as is boiled over a fire, or in one of the kitchen coppers.

The pail and bucket system prevails at night in all parts of the house except in the hospital, where the services of a night nurse ensure decency. The outside privies were thoroughly bad, the fittings and floors soiled.
As we crossed the yard, we saw the uncomfortable two-wheeled car in which the sick are jolted over miles of rough country on their way to the infirmary, and the four-wheeled wagon used for fever patients.

Recommendations.
As we went round this workhouse we came to the conclusion that the guardians are actuated by a more enlightened spirit than that which appears to rule many of the Irish Boards, and that such defects as we have commented on, some very serious, are due more to the absence of special knowledge than to that utter carelessness as to the welfare of the inmates which seems to obtain elsewhere. The overcrowding in the infirmary is very serious, and is detrimental to the patients: we would suggest that the fever hospital be thrown into the infirmary, and a new fever hospital built. The defects in the nursery department come next in importance; we would suggest, in the first place, the appointment of a paid attendant, who with the assistance of an inmate could do the work of the nursery, the mothers having access to the children at stated intervals. More light and air should be admitted into the rooms, and a bath and lavatory constructed, with an ample supply of hot and cold water. It would also be well that the little children should have a playground apart from the older children and adults. The quarters for the aged and infirm in both divisions need humanising by additional comforts, such as more light, armchairs, comfortable day rooms, with pictures, etc., to relieve the dreariness of the walls, we would also suggest that modern bedsteads should be provided throughout infirmary and infirm wards, and better fireplaces and ventilation. It is hardly necessary to add that the deficiency in the sanitary appliances should be remedied and an ample water supply laid on throughout the buildings.

1896 6th July (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Workhouse National School:
Mr James F. Hogan, District Inspector of National Schools has forwarded a most satisfactory report on the results of examinations of the above school upon which the teachers Mr and Mrs O’Dwyer deserve to be congratulated. ----.

1898 31st January (CJ).
Board Of Guardians: number remaining in the Workhouse 369.

1898 30th May (CJ).
The Kilrush Herald states there are rumours prevailing in town that other criminal prosecutions on charges of bribery and corrupt practices in the Kilrush Union, are to be instituted by the Attorney General.

1898 25th June (Clare Man).
Board Of Guardians: number remaining in the Workhouse 374.

1898 2nd July (Clare Man).
Board of Guardians: Coal Contract:
The tender of Mr. Doherty, Kilrush was accepted for one hundred and fifty tons ---- of coal.

1898 16th July (Clare Man).
Board of Guardians: Tea Contract:
--- Mr Robert Fitzgerald, The Square was declared the contractor for the annual supply.

1898 26th November (Clare Man).
Seizure at Kilrush Workhouse:
The Sub-Sheriff for Clare, Major Fred Cullinan, --- ordered the Bailiffs to seize the ambulance car and horse under foot of a county Court decree for rent due by the guardians on the Dispensary House they hold at Carrigaholt from Mr. Burton. ------.

1898 21st December (Nenagh Guardian).
The Kilrush Bribery Cases.
Mr. Justice Kenny resumed the business of the Munster Assizes on Friday.
John Corry was indicted that he on the 24th of November 1897, did offer to one James Bourke, a guardian of the poor at Kilrush Union, a sum of £50 as an inducement to vote for Augustus Warren at the election of clerk of the Union. Prisoner pleaded not guilty.

Cornelius Curtin was the first witness called in examination by Mr. Moriarty he stated he got a letter addressed to himself, and he sent it on to James Bourke. Having received the letter, Bourke came to witness's shop, and they had a conversation, after which Bourke went into prisoner's public house, where he remained for some time. When Bourke came out of the prisoner's shop he walked back to witness and they had another conversation.
------- His Lordship said he was sorry to hear from prisoner's council that the system of corruption and bribery was almost a recognised institution in the district. -----.

1899 21st January (Clare Man).
Board of Guardians; Number remaining in the workhouse 384.

1899 16th March (CJ).
Board of Guardians; Number remaining in the workhouse 367.

1899 31st July (CJ).
--- The Workhouse Schools:
Mr McNamara moved that the male and female schools be amalgamated and said he saw no reason why they should have two teachers for schools where there were not more than 15 pupils in each. ---.

1900 6th January (Clare Man).
Kilrush Union: Number remaining in the Workhouse 368.

1900 29th January (CJ).
An inmate’s religion:
The master had a report on his journal to the effect that a Protestant inmate named Thomas Redington wanted to become a member of the Roman Catholic Church. ---

1900 21st April (Clare Man).
Kilrush Union:
Mr. Mescall J.P., presiding, the tender of Mr. Michael O'Dea, merchant, was accepted for the supply of bacon and butter for the inmates Eastertide fete. ---.

1900 9th November (KH).
Kilrush Union: Number remaining in the Workhouse 327.

1900 15th November (CJ).
Editorial:
The affairs of the Kilrush Union continue to be very prominently before the public. An extraordinary deficiency in stock has been shown by the stock-taker. Irregularities of all kinds are being found out. Mutual recriminations are heard amongst the officials and the unfortunate paupers and heavily-taxed ratepayers have to bear the brunt of it all. When it has come to finding a dozen shirts in a manure heap to having “rotten meat” and “bad milk” as alleged by a member, sent in for the use of inmates to having stock paid for but not in the books, and to having a deficiency of fifty quarts of milk in the day’s supply. It is certainly time to make some change in the government of the Workhouse.

1901 13th July (Clare Man).
Kilrush Union: -- number remaining in the Workhouse 315.

1901 22nd August (CJ).
Boot Contract in the Kilrush Workhouse:
--- Mr. John Saunders, however succeeded in carrying off the major portion of the contract, being declared contractor for 60 pair of men’s boots, 40 pair of women’s, 40 pair of children’s and low shoes 30. It speaks well for Mr. Saunders’ enterprise that he was able to beat such formidable competition.

1902 1st February (IT).
The Guardians and the Coffin.
At the weekly meeting of the Kilrush Board of Guardians on Saturday-Mr. Thomas Talty, Chairman of the Board, presiding-Mr. J G. Fitzgerald, Kilkee, asked who had charge of the coffins in the house?. Mr. Clancy, master, said the coffins were under his charge. Mr. Fitzgerald-well, I was called out of my own house lately to see a coffin sent from the workhouse for a poor man, and it actually fell to pieces from a shower of hail stones. (Laughter). This is a fact. It was simply a bandbox. Several gentlemen who saw it said it was like the Kilrush Union. (Laughter.). Mr. Bourke said there was no denying the fact. These coffins were wretchedly made, and he was not at all surprised to hear that a shower of hail had knocked one of them to pieces. Other guardians concurred. The master said they were not responsible, for he believed this particular coffin was provided by the friends of the deceased person themselves. The subject dropped.

1902 8th February (Clare Man).
Kilrush Union: number remaining in the Workhouse 336.
The contract for the milk supply---- Mrs Mary Williams and Mr. Mat Lyons, Moyadda. ---.

1903 2nd May (CC).
Kilrush Union: ----- Number remaining in the Workhouse 325.

1903 13th June (CC).
District Council: The Election:
The “Big Figure” at the Workhouse as ever and as a result Mr. Thomas Talty is Chairman of the Kilrush District Council for the ensuing twelve months------.
Board of Guardians:
The Chair has gone to an old veteran in the person of Mr. Anthony McNamara.
-- talking about fixtures in a public position, why “Toney Mack” holds the record for it.

1903 19th September (CC).
Kilrush Union: Vote of Condolence:
On the motion of Mr. Talty, a vote of condolence was passed with Mr. Thomas Cunningham, D.C., Molougha a respectable member of the Board, on the death of his father Mr. Peter Cunningham. --

1904 16th January (CC).
Kilrush Union: -- number remaining in the Workhouse 332.

1904 20th February (CC).
Kilrush Union: The Contract:
-- Mr. P.O'Reilly, Provision Merchant, Moore Street, was declared contractor for supplying tea to the Kilrush Union for the ensuing twelve months ------.

1904 2nd May (CJ).
General average cost of an inmate 3s-8d: in the infirmary 4s-2d: main house 2s-3d.

1905 31st January (II).
Kilrush Board and Land Act.
The Kilrush Board of Guardians on Saturday passed resolutions expressing disappointment at the hostility of West Clare landlords to the reinstatement of evicted tenants, and calling for the powers given by the Act to be enforced, also congratulating the National Directory on the resolution regarding the zones: and declaring rent reductions by the Sub-Commissioners at Kilrush inadequate.

1905 11th February (CC).
Kilrush Union: ---- number remaining in the Workhouse 349.

1905 25th March (CC).
Kilrush Union: Tenders:
The tender of Messrs. M. Glynn and Sons to supply the Workhouse with 120 tons of Wigan coal was accepted. ----.

1906 13th January (CC).
Kilrush Union: --- number remaining in the Workhouse 354. ---

1906 15th January (CJ).
Kilrush Workhouse: Christmas Tree.
With his wonted goodness, Dr. John F. Counihan, J.P., the esteemed Medical Officer of the Kilrush Workhouse had a Christmas Tree provided for the children of the institution on Monday night as well as tea, fruit and numerous other dainties.---.

1906 18th January (CJ).
The Kilrush Guardians on Saturday passed a warm vote of thanks to Lady Gertrude Pembroke, for the gift of sweet cake and confectionery (Through Nurse Carberry) for the inmates who were most grateful for it.

1907 7th January (CJ).
Two inmates of the Kilrush Workhouse were reported for insubordination at Saturday’s meeting and were ordered to be prosecuted and the solicitor ordered to appear. One of the inmates was a woman who left the house, returning the same day in a very drunken condition.

1907 12th January (CC).
Kilrush Union:
-- Number remaining in the workhouse 348.

1907 1st August (CJ).
The Kilrush Board of Guardians on Saturday sanctioned the payment of £1-1s (one guinea) to Dr. R. Counihan for examining a dangerous lunatic as ordered by the magistrate.

1907 23rd December (CJ).
The Kilrush Guardians recently decided to allow a couple of their officers a weekly allowance of eggs in addition to their other rations. On Saturday there were applications from four other officers , the letters being read amid much laughter. They were refused.

1908 19th January (CC).
Kilrush Board of Guardians: State of House;
-- Number remaining in the Workhouse 248.

1908 25th January (CC).
Letter to the Editor; Moore Street, Kilrush: 4/1/1908.
Gentlemen,
The following statement made by Mr. O'Dwyer a member of your Board appeared in the Clare Champion on December 21st 1907 “These boots did not seem to give much wear although they paid good prices for Irish made stitched boots they wore them out in a quarter “As I have been supplying the major portion of the contract for the past seven years the public may be under the opinion that the statement referred indirectly to me. If so, I will quote an example in contradiction to this statement. I supplied the last supply of boots and shoes to the Kilrush Union in June 1907 and the present supply will not be delivered until February 1908. This shows clearly that the half-yearly supply lasted eight months. As Mr. O'Dwyer thinks that justice is done to the Kilrush Union, I being the present contractor will now withdraw as not yet having entered into Bonds. I am gentlemen, yours respectively, J. Saunders.

1908 8th February (IT).
Tenders Invited.
For the supply of 100 tons (more or less) of Seed Potatoes also 20 tons seed oats to the Guardians of Kilrush Union (January 29 page 4).

1908 11th June (CJ).
At the meeting of the Kilrush Board of Guardians on Saturday, Messrs. Culligan and Messrs Lillis Bros., were declared contractors for the supply of clothing for the year.

1908 21st September (IT).
Recent Shooting Outrage in Clare.
At the meeting of the Kilrush Board of Guardians today Mr. W O'Doherty, J P proposed the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted:
That we, the Kilrush Board of Guardians, in meeting assembled, condemn the dastardly outrage committed on our esteemed fellow member, James Griffin, and we hope that the perpetrators of this cowardly attack will be brought to justice. -------------.

1908 16th November (IT).
State of West Clare: District Councillors Complain.
During the past ten days, numerous outrages have been perpetrated in some parishes in West Clare, following a moonlight raid by an armed and disguised party the previous week on a farmer residing near Lacken. In connection with the dispute between the tenants on the Kinlea and Derrybrick tenants on the Vesey Fitzgerald estate, in the Kilmurry McMahon parish, where a demand was made on Mr. James Griffin J P to surrender an outside farm and a large tract of timber for distribution, and in reference to which the Kilrush Board of Guardians recently intervened with the view to impartial arbitration, the columns of the county newspapers are teeming with denunciations of the Guardians for their efforts---------.

1908 30th November (CJ).
Number remaining in the Workhouse 340.

1908 19th December (IT).
Workhouse Amazons: Scene at Kilrush.
The hitherto dull atmosphere and sameness of life in the Kilrush Workhouse was broken this morning by a brief, but sharp, outbreak amongst some of the female inmates who work in the laundry. They demanded eggs for breakfast, and because these delicacies were not supplied, three young amazons, named Ellen Nevin, Eliza Foran and Kate Spellissy proceeded to the pantry and attacked the Master, Mr. Simon Clancy. They shouted out that they would murder him, and they flung missiles, including an earthenware jug, which was broken on his head. When the Master fell, they kicked him. Mr. Clancy had to be treated, subsequently, by the medical officer, Dr. J F Counihan J P, and he bears traces of the rough treatment which he received.
At a special court held later, before Mr. Batt Culligan and Mr. John C Mahony, the three women were brought up, and sentenced to two months' imprisonment each, with hard labour. They loudly protested their innocence and alleged that they were treated like black slaves in the workhouse.
Another inmate named Mary Marrinan was sent to jail for fourteen days, for throwing a cooking saucepan at the Matron, Miss Bridget O'Dea, and threatening to take her life.

1909 23rd January (CC).
Kilrush Board of Guardians: number remaining in the workhouse 340. ----

1909 15th May (CC).
Kilrush Board of Guardians: Election of Dispensary Doctor for Kilrush;
--- Dr. Callinan was elected. (Doctors Moynihan and Grogan also candidates extended their compliments to the candidate on his election. ---.)

1910 10th January (CJ).
The Long Vacation.
I was mistaken last week in these notes in thinking the Kilrush Board of Guardians would have met today. No. The period of their long vacation will not expire till the 15th January on which day the business of the year of grace 1910 will commence. They have had a full month’s holidays and they deserve every day of it.! Their labours were rather severe last year. There was the Kilkee waterworks project to be carried out, the Labourers’ Cottage scheme and a big sewerage scheme for Kilkee to be considered, road maintenance, direct labour and many other things which closely occupied their time and attention. That will show that a month’s holidays without pay is the least they could get.

1910 23rd April (CC).
Kilrush Board of Guardians: number remaining in the workhouse 319.--.
The general average cost of an inmate during the week was 3s-5d: In the main house 2s-9d in the infirmary 5s-9d. ---.

1910 14th May (CC).
King Edward's Death: -- Mr P. Lillis, V.C. Submitted the following motion:
“We the Kilrush Board of Guardians have learned with deep regret of the death of his majesty, King Edward V11 whom the Irish people have reason to believe was at all times most favourably disposed towards Ireland”
Mr. Carmody: There is no doubt about it; he was a very good monarch.
Mr. Ryan: I agree with you-----.

1910 28th May (CC).
Kilrush Guardians: Royal Acknowledgement:
The following was read: Buckingham Palace.
The Private Secretary is commanded by Queen Alexandra to thank the Kilrush Board of Guardians------.

1911 26th January (CJ).
--- Number remaining in the Workhouse 303

1911 6th July (CJ)
Death of a dispensary Medical Doctor.
-- I now deeply regret to have to report that Dr. Healy died on the 26th inst.

1912 2nd February (CC).
Kilrush Guardians:
-- Number remaining in the Workhouse 277.

1912 2nd September (CJ).
Mr. James Haugh, Workhouse School Teacher applied for annual four weeks leave of absence and said that the Master in the meantime would look after the school boys. --- Allowed.

1913 22nd February (CC).
Kilrush Guardians:
--- Number remaining in the house 246. ----.

1913 20th March (CJ).
Condolences:
--- regret at the death of Mrs. Patrick Keane, Henry Street, ---- sister to our esteemed Master, Mr. Sinon Clancy.---

1914 19th March (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians: Boots and Shoes:
The tender of Mr. John Mulqueen, Henry Street, Kilrush for the boots and shoes was accepted. There was no other tender,

1914 21st March (CC).
Kilrush Guardians: -
---- Number remaining in the House 244. ----

1914 30th March (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians: Let him go ahead:
A letter was read from Austin Enright, Vandeleur Street, applying for the balance of his account for the repairs of the ambulance or he would take legal proceedings.
The clerk said he was paid £12 on the report of the Clerk of Works, who said some of the items were too much.
Chairman: Let him go ahead.—

1914 29th October (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians: Contract:
For repairs to the roof of portion of the house the following tenders were received. John Scanlan £20: William McInerney £23: John McInerney £27 and Thomas McInerney £32. The lowest tender was accepted.

1915 18th January (CJ).
Kilrush Guardians:
--- The number remaining in the Workhouse 209.

1915 22nd July (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians:
-- The Chairman said that notwithstanding the reduced number of inmates in the house since the passing of the Old Age Pensions Act, the quantity of provisions and necessities had not decreased in proportion.--

1915 28th August (IT).
Lord Lieutenant in Clare.
---In his reply to the address of the Guardians of Kilrush Union, His Excellency said: In these days when Irish Brigades of the 16th Division are preparing themselves to make history, it has been of special interest to me to be in the county of that branch of the great family of O'Brien which gave, in persons of successive Lords Clare, leaders of the brigades of the old times. It may well be that on another night the wind in Flanders may in the neighbourhood of the old battlefields the Irish Brigades of today may help the French to win a new Fontenoy over a different enemy.-------.

1915 9th September (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians: Condolences:
---- passed with Mr. F. G. Hickman, D.L., and Mrs. Hickman, Kilmore, Knock, on the death of their brave son Captain Gore Hickman, who was killed in the Dardanelles. --

1915 2nd October (CC).
Kilrush Guardians: Hardware:
The Clerk said the tenders for hardware were--- and Mr. Clancy, Vandeleur Street, secured 124 items and Mrs. C Brew, Henry Street, 29 items----.

1916 1st May (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians:
-- The tender of James Manning, Pound Street, was accepted for the condemned clothing at 9s per cwt.

1916 8th May (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians:
-- The ill-starred rebellion in Dublin affected the Kilrush Workhouse to the extent that no yeast could be procured for the making of bread for the inmates.—

Votes of Condolences:
-- with Mr. O’Shea, Solr., - on the death of his mother Mrs. O’Shea of John Street, Kilrush.
-- with Mrs. Brews, of Ballyerra House, Kilrush, on the death of her husband.---

1916 21st October (CC).
Kilrush Union: Master Report:
--- -Number in the Workhouse as per last report 196 admitted since 13 discharged 14 remaining 195.

1917 15th January (CJ).
---- Number remaining in the Workhouse 227.
The Cost of a plain leg:
Another letter was read from the Local Government Board stating that they considered £11 for an artificial limb, proposed to be provided for the woman Ellen Buckley, excessive, and that a plain pin leg costing from £2-10s to £4 ought to be suitable and sufficient in her case. The girl happens to be a dressmaker.

1917 8th February (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians: Votes of condolences;
Were passed with Mrs. J.S. Dowling, Cappa on the death of her mother the late Mrs. Vaughan, Labasheeda. ---- with Mr. Michael Talty, Moore Street, on the death of his mother.-

1917 16th April (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians: Vote of condolence;
A vote of condolence was passed with the relatives of the late Mrs. P. Galvin, of Moore Street, Kilrush.

1917 13th August (II).
Mr. S. Clancy, Master of Kilrush Workhouse is resigning after 21 years’ service.

1919 25th January (CC).
Kilrush Guardians: Master's Report:
No in the House per last week return 231, admitted since 10, discharged 8, died 1.
Remaining in the house 232 ----- same period last year 219.

1919 26th April (CC).
Kilrush Guardians: Board adjourned as a mark of respect: Vote of Condolence.
On the proposition of Mr. Carmody seconded by Mr. Irving, a vote of condolence was passed with Mr. Daniel Ryan on the death of his wife.

1920 28th February (CC).
Kilrush Guardians: Master's Report:
Number in the house per last report 214 admitted since 15 discharged 5 died 1
Remaining in the house 223 corresponding number same period last year 219.

1921 16th April (CC).
Kilrush Guardians: Master's Report:
----Number in the Workhouse as per last return 206, admitted since 19, discharged 16, remaining 209.

1923 28th March.
Local Government (Temporary Provisions) Act, 1923 abolishing Workhouse system of poor relief and providing alternatives.

1925 24th April (IT).
Adulterated Food for Union:-
All the institutions in Co. Clare were being supplied with adulterated food said the magistrate at Kilrush in adjourning cases of supplying alleged watered milk and watery butter to the Union.

1925 7th July (IT).
Munster:
Salary, but no work: - In a claim made at Ennis yesterday by Patrick Mungovan, Kilrush, against the Clare Board of Health for two years’ salary, the magistrate referred to the manner in which the Local Government Act of 1923 and the Amending Act of 1924 were drafted. He said that it was “an exercise in intellectual acrobatics” to try to get at the real meaning of some of the sections and he had to read one of them ten times before he got a glimmer of it. Mungovan had been appointed clerk of works to the old Kilrush Guardians at £12-10s-0d a year. When the Guardians were abolished his office was not terminated, and he claimed that he had been transferred to the service of the Board of Health. The latter had not asked him to do any work for the last two years, but he claimed that he was entitled to his salary. The defence was that the office had ceased to exist, and that all the county schemes had expired in March 1924 but the Court held that the intention of the Legislation was that the Board and its schemes should continue. Mungovan was entitled to salary or pension, and a decree was given for £25 with costs and expenses.

1930 7th May (II).
Mr. Thomas Ryan, U.D.C. who has died in Kilrush, was a member of the Council and its predecessor, the Town Commission, since 1895.He was also a member of the old Board of Guardians, Kilrush U.D.C. recorded their regret at his death and sympathy with his relatives and adjourned.


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