TOUCHING GOOD BYE TO HIS
In the farewell letter addressed
to his “dearest mother”, from Kilmainham Prison, on
the 3rd inst. Mr. P H Pearse said he had been hoping up to then
it would be possible to see her again but it did not seem possible.
“Good bye, dear, dear mother” he continued. “Through
you I say good bye to ‘Wow, Wow’, Mary Brigid, Willie,
Miceal, Cousin Maggie, and everyone at St. Enda’s. I hope
and believe that Willie and the St. Enda boys will be all safe.
I have written two pages about financial affairs, and one about
my books, which I want you to get.
With them are a few poems which I want added to the poems in manuscript
in the large bookcase.
HIS LAST POEM
“You asked me to write
a little poem which would seem to be said by you about me. I have
written it, and a copy is in Arbour Hill Barracks with the other
papers. I have just received Holy Communion. I am happy except
for the great grief of parting from you.
“Good-bye again, dear mother. May God bless you for your
great love for me, and for your great faith, and may He remember
all that you have so bravely suffered. I hope soon to see papa
and in a little while we shall be all together again. ‘Wow,
Wow’ Willie Mary Brigid and mother - good-bye! I have not
words to tell you of my love for you, and how my heart yearns
to you all. I will call to you in my heart at the last moment.
(“Wow Wow” is a pet name for one
of his sisters)
The following was published on Saturday last:-
By – the Lord’s Justices General and General Governors
Whereas disaffection and unrest
still prevails in certain parts of Ireland, causing anxiety and
alarm amongst the peaceful and law abiding subjects of his Majesty.
Now, we, the Lords Justices General and General Governors of Ireland
do hereby proclaim that a state of Martial Law shall continue
to exist throughout Ireland until further order.
Given to his Majesty’s Castle of Dublin, this 28th day of
May 1916 - Richard R. Cherry, LCJ: J O’Wylie.
HOW MACBRIDE DIED
Of the Rebel leaders who were
executed (says “Wayfarer” in the ‘Nation’)
MacBride’s bearing was the most soldierly. The officer in
charge of the firing party showed (I am told) some emotion. MacBride
said gently “Do not let what you have to do ever disturb
your rest”. And when it was proposed to blind his eyes he
refused and said: “I’ve been looking down rifle barrels
all my life. Fire when I bow my head”.
A special correspondent of the
Central News in Dublin writes – From a mother of Patrick
Pearse, the executed rebel leader, it appears that the President
of the short-lived Irish Republic had from childhood been possessed
by a presentment that he would one day give his life for Ireland
and had actually been under a vow, since his early years to fight
for Irish liberty. The story, as related by Mrs. Pearse, is as
follows: “When Pat and Willie (Pearse’s brother, who
was also shot) were only small boys, the elder only about ten,
made a solemn agreement, as I found out myself only a few weeks
ago, to fight for Ireland. It was Willie told me the tale:
It was one winter’s night,
mother he said, “after we had been reading a lot about Robert
Emmett and the men of ’98 and were wondering when Ireland
would be free. I noticed Pat was very thoughtful, and I could
not make it out, but I thought it was only his way, and I didn’t
say anything. We were both undressed, and were just about to get
into bed when as we knelt down to say our prayers, Pat turned
to me and said:- ‘Listen, Willie I want you to tell me do
you love Ireland with all your heart and soul’. So I said
Yes. ‘Would you dare to fight for her then?’ added
Pat. I said I would. ‘Would you be willing even to die for
her if it was necessary?’ he asked. So I said yes, and I
noticed he looked mighty queer and solemn about it. I asked him
what he meant, and it was then he told me. ‘Well Willie’,
he said, ‘it’s my ambition to give my life up to the
liberation of Ireland. Will you throw in your lot with me and
help me with all your power?”
“Thereupon”, continued Mrs Pearse “the two children,
quite unknown to myself, knelt down at their bedside and offered
themselves to that work of freeing Ireland. I always noticed how
they stuck to each other through life and helped each other day
by day and how Willie gave up his own profession, which was that
of sculptor, in order to help Pat with the school. But I never
guessed anything. I knew they were drilling, but they did not
even tell me of the rising until the very end for fear of upsetting
me. Then Pat came over on his bicycle on Sunday afternoon to bid
me goodbye. ‘Perhaps the last goodbye’ he said, I
remember and then went off.
“It was only in the dark days that ensued that my mind went
back to this story, when I thought every gun that was booming
away in Dublin was giving him his wish. And I also remembered
only last St. Enda’s Day, when he made his last speech at
St. Enda’s (the school near Dublin of which Patrick Pearse
was head master). He had spoken of the work of his life as nearing
completion. He would often say ‘Ireland is still unconquered
and she is still unconquerable’. I believe those were his
last words just before his death though they were not allowed
to make speeches, and even the poems he wrote in prison were not
given to me.”
Asked whether her sons ever thought they had a chance of winning,
Mrs. Pearse replied: “No, they knew they would fail but,
as Pat said to me “the fight would save Ireland’s
soul.” They were only just in time, and they knew it, for
another hour and the whole thing would have been suppressed without
a single shot and the death they desired would have been impossible.
No; they knew they would fail but they knew good would come of
it, and that it was the only way.”
RESOLUTION OF CLARE COUNTY COUNCIL
“BRAVE BUT MISGUIDED MEN”
RELEASE OF IMPRISONED CLARE MEN
At the meeting of the Clare County
Council on Monday,
Mr. O’Regan said as a result of conversations between members
of the Council he had been requested to submit the following resolution
for adoption :–
“That believing it is our duty at this crisis in the history
of our country to courageously voice the almost unanimous feelings
of the people we represent, in the hope that it will check the
rigor (if not cause its abandonment) with which Military Law is
being now enforced on our people, and in the hope that Parliament
will realise the present position of affairs in this country.
“That we hereby place on record our abhorrence of the drastic
punishment meted out to the patriotic but misguided leaders of
the late attempt to set up an Irish Republic.
“That we endorse the condemnation of the Military Authorities
by Mr. John Dillon, M.P. voicing the opinion of Mr. John Redmond,
M.P. , the Irish Party and the Irish Nation, and demand the strictest
public investigation by an impartial committee of inquiry
into the shooting without trial of numerous unarmed men, such
as Messrs. Sheehy-Skeffington, McIntyre, and Dickson, and into
the alleged murder in King Street, Dublin and elsewhere, by the
soldiery, of men and boys who were either non participants in
the rebellion or who were surrendered and unarmed prisoners in
“It needs no words of mine”, added Mr. O’Regan,
“to recommend it to your adoption.”
Mr. Maguire seconded the resolution. Mr. Crowley said he agreed
to the resolution with the exception of the words “voicing
the opinion of Mr. John Redmond, M.P., and the Irish Party”.
He would not go into the matter further presently, but he was
not surprised that those men had been shot down in Dublin when
he found public men in Ireland and in the county condemning their
action before they knew what was the matter at all. Apparently
they wanted to work up something to suit the palate of the Englis
people and show their “shoneen” loyalty to a Government
that persecuted them all their lives. They might have made a big
mistake, but there is no doubt that they were brave men and mud
should not be flung at them.
Continuing, Mr. Crowley said he would dissent from the words “voicing
the opinion of Mr. John Redmond, M.P. and the Irish Party.”
Later on, Mr. O’Regan read the following resolution, which
he said he had amended proposing with the resolution: -
“That we are annoyed at the deportation of a member of this
Council, Mr. Denis Healy, whose only crime appears to be that
he refused to give his name when challenged by a sentry not far
from his home and call upon the Government to immediately release
both Mr. Healy and the other Claremen who are in custody, no attempt
of any kind towards assisting in the recent rising having been
made in Clare. That copies of this resolution be sent to the Prime
Minister, Lloyd George, John Redmond M.P. and General Maxwell.”
Mr. J. Lynch proposed the resolution and Mr. G. Frost seconded.
Mr. Brohan regretted he was not there when the resolution bearing
on the Insurrection and referring to Mr. Redmond and his Party
was adopted. He would not have supported it in the form which
Mr. O’Regan – I take it your attitude would be that
of Mr. Crowley’s?
Mr. Brohan – Yes.
Mr. Brohan was then taken as dissenting from the motion to which
Mr. Crowly had also taken exception.
The resolution was then adopted.
A resolution was read from the Tullamore Urban Council condemning
the rising and calling on Irishmen to support Mr. Redmond.
Mr. Brohan – I propose that you mark the resolution read.
The people of Tullamore were never Home Rulers, and never until
now were followers of Mr. Redmond.
Mr. Crowley – I second you.
Mr. Garry – I propose the adoption of the resolution.
Eventually it was marked read.
Mr. Maguire said in connection with the resolution which was proposed
regarding the imprisonment of a member of the Council, he was
afraid that the mere proposing of a resolution and the seconding
of it - as it had been seconded by every member of the Council
- and a record of it placed on the books as part of the ordinary
business of the County Council – he was afraid that that
was a chilly way to treat a matter that affected so much the liberty
of the subject, and the dignity of the Council. He could not conceive
anything more hurtful to public opinion, or anything that would
tend to create a worse or more unfavourable impression on the
minds of the people as regards the Government than the arresting
of prominent public men - useful members of public boards –
on a mere pretext of an offence against the law. He was as anxious
as any member of the Council to see that the law was obeyed, and
to see that they lived in a state of peace, and that the authority
of people, properly constructed, was respected, but he thought
that both the authority and the xxx should be exercised with greater
discretion and moderation. Mr Healy might have made a mistake
- he did not know if it could be anything more – a man refusing
to give his name and to account for himself. That might be regrettable
but he thought it was very poor … for his arrest under the
Defence of the Realm Act and his continued imprisonment…
FOR JUDGE BODKIN IN ENNIS
CLARE’S BEHAVIOUR DURING THE RECENT TROUBLE
His Honour Judge Bodkin K.C.
opened the business of the Ennis Quarter Sessions on Wednesday.
There was no criminal business, and Major Cullinan had much pleasure
in presenting His Honour with white gloves. His Honour expressed
pleasure at receiving that testimonial. The fact that he has received
them so often in Clare already did not diminish the pleasure of
continuing to receive them. It was pleasing, so far as his Court
was concerned, to see that Clare was progressing favourably towards
perfection. It was still more pleasing that this should be the
case, because during the recent trouble Clare – though its
enemies might have counted on its being one of the first counties
to go into the insurrection remained perfectly peaceful. There
was not a single disturbance. Clare was an example to the rest