The Dublin Revolution has come
and gone – gone to join the shades of many another attempt
on the part of desperate Irishmen to establish an Irish Republic.
The Revolution has gone – broken and crushed in less than
one week – but Dublin the proud and beautiful capital of
our country, the pride of our people and our race, “dear”
and as it is affectionately called “dirty”, Dublin,
lies prostrate, maimed and bleeding. Its ancient streets, some
of them pre-eminent amongst the finest in Europe, a mass of ruins:
its people – and who has not loved them – sunk deep
in misery and despair. It is not for us to sit in judgment, and
useless would it be to weigh the evidence which has as yet filtered
through. History alone, in the clear, cold light of time can do
it justice, and to it we leave the task. We may however, say one
word or two. Nationalist Journalists, feeling fully the responsibilities
which this moment imposes on all, we would appeal to those who
are now in power to be merciful to the misguided masses who were
drawn into this conflict. Now that the danger has passed, we must
all look to the future, and let us not forget that justice finds
a truer and grander vindication in mercy than in force. We believe
that a wise, prudent and paternal administration just now would
effect far more permanent good in the country than an example
of strict and stern justice. Mr. Redmond makes a like appeal,
Sir Edward Carson supports it. Moderate and thoughtful Irishmen
will give it their assistance, and behind it, as far as we have
read it, the English Press stands. The majority of the English
and Irish people have begun to understand each other. Ireland’s
part in the great war has not been forgotten by the leaders of
Parties in England and we are convinced that magnanimity and mercy
– and the more generous it is the better – just now
would absolutely complete the good work which Mr. Redmond had
begun, and would not alone restore Ireland to its position as
the “brightest spot” in the whole situation, but would
make an impression on our people which would never be forgotten
or effaced. We need not say that we congratulate our own county
on its magnificent and unanimous loyalty to Mr. Redmond. Claremen,
the bravest fighters of them all, kept the peace, not because
they knew and felt that peace and good order were the greatest
essentials to the welfare of Ireland’s cause. They have
had their reward. Home rule has not been destroyed, and the Irish
Leader assures us that it its indestructible. When the last shell
bursts in Flanders, and when the Dublin debacle has become but
a memory, it will become the law of the land; and the last cause
for Irish discontent having been removed, sensible Irishmen will
sit down to manage their own affairs in the security of perfect
peace and content.
REFERENCES AT THE ENNIS URBAN COUNCIL
“SCHOOL TEACHERS AND THEIR SINN FEIN IDEAS”.
At the meeting of the Ennis
Urban Council on Thursday evening, Mr. Peter E. Kenneally, J.P.,
(Chairman) presiding, reference was made to the rebellion.
Mr Kerin regretted very much to have to move the following resolution;-
“That we, the members of the Ennis Urban Council, while
sympathising with the families of those who have fallen on both
sides in the combat in the Metropolis of Ireland, deeply deplore
this awful bloodshed and on behalf of the people whom we have
the honour to represent, disassociate ourselves with and detest
the action of those on whose shoulders lay the responsibility
for so many innocent victims cut down in the prime of manhood.
That we sympathise with the leader of the Irish race now battling
for the freedom of our native land for the stumbling block placed
before him and repose our implicit confidence in him now more
than ever, and trust that God will help him to carry on the good
cause to which he had unhesitatingly devoted his lifetime. That
we also congratulate the people of Clare for the wise attitude
they have adopted, following step by step the dictates of their
wise and noble leader, Mr. J.E. Redmond, whose work was handed
down to him from our late lamented Chief Charles Stewart Parnell,
and who has been for some twenty years an unparalleled success
but now more than ever it is our belief that the Irish People
should follow his good advice and wise counsel, and if they do
so, Ireland’s aspirations will be realised – A Nation
Once Again! That we are awed at the action of those professors
in an Irish University who, instead of teaching students subjects
for which their parents sent them forward, literature which railed
their young blood to such a state of overflow that many of them
today have given up their young lives in a cause detrimental to
the future prosperity of the land that gave them birth.
Continuing, Mr Kerin referred to the terrible tumult caused by
the insurrection and the awful scenes enacted in Dublin. They
all knew very well that the country just now was beginning to
become prosperous, and that before long under the able leadership
of Mr John Redmond, they would have a native Parliament in College
Green. He dealt with the formation of the Volunteer Forces in
nationalist Ireland which were intended to counteract Carson,
and also spoke of the unfortunate split as a result of which the
Irish Volunteers sprang up. “If,” said Mr. Kerin “Eaon
[Eoin] MacNeil, instead of taking into his confidence the Larkinite
mob of Dublin – Connolly and his disciples of Socialism
– had an all-Ireland convention at the time there was a
disagreement with the Irish Party’s control of the Volunteers,
he would have every man in Ireland now behind him. If he were
over the Volunteers instead of teaching the youths he was placed
over and directing them on the right paths, he had been responsible
for their being shot on the streets of Dublin. It was said that
it was the Sinn Feiners stopped conscription. Well, they were
the first to enforce it in Dublin at the choice of being shot
if one refused. He asked:- Was it blackguardism like this that
got the land for the Irish Tenant farmers? Only for this blackguardism
Ireland would be today a peaceful and happy country. He hoped
that this would be a lesson, and that it would be taken by the
young men of Clare, and Ireland, who were embroiled by a lot of
….. especially some school teachers, but not many. He contended
Eaon [Eoin] MacNeil and The O’Rahilly would not have stuck
so tenaciously to their task only for there was German money behind
them and now they saw how their unfortunate dupes had been caught.
Those unfortunate wretches in their cold cells in England would
now have time to see the folly of their ways, and curse those
who brought them to such degradation. Incidentally, he remarked
that it was shocking to see school teachers looking for sympathy
with their Sinn Fein ideas. He did not mean teachers in general,
but some of them.
After a pause, Mr. Brennan seconded the resolution.
The Chairman said it was not his intention to say anything to
the resolution. It was very difficult to find words to fit in
with a serious occasion of this kind. But what he would say would
be on behalf of the people, and that was that they all sympathised
with the citizens of Dublin in the trying ordeal they were after
going through. They were not in a position to know how the thing
began or to know who were the real movers responsible for the
outbreak – that outbreak which had caused pain all over
Ireland, and not alone Ireland but all over Europe. It would take
a lot of wearing down. He regretted very much the resignation
of Mr. Birrell who was the best Chief Secretary every sent to
Ireland. During his nine years he had always proved himself a
friend of Ireland, and now when her liberty was at hand it was
too bad he should go. While the Dublin business was regrettable,
it was heroic of those who were sacrificing their lives in the
cause which they believed to be right. They were giving their
lives for their country. The sacrifice was an awful one, and he
hoped God would reward them and be merciful to them.
Mr. Kerin referred to the taxation resolution, which was supported
by Mr. Wm M. Murphy’s “half-penny rag.” It was
the wrong time to bring up for discussion the financial relations
between Ireland and England, and he did not see why Ireland should
not pay reasonably for the war.
The resolution was adopted.
A resolution from Waterford
Corporation requesting the Government to pay teachers salaries
monthly was read:
“Sinn Fein National Teachers,” observed Mr. J. Kerin.
“I may have something to say to that resolution in a minute.”
The resolution was adopted, and subsequently Mr. Kerin pointed
out that he did not say all teachers were Sinn Feiners, but some
he knew were.
THREE LEADERS SHOT
In the House of Commons on Wednesday, Mr. Asquith
three of the Irish rebel leaders, who had signed the republican
proclamation, had been tried by Court-Martial. They were found
guilty and sentenced to death, and the sentence duly carried out
on Tuesday morning.
Three other leaders named
were sentenced to three years penal servitude.
Mr W. Thorne was asked when would Sir Roger Casement, who was
the forerunner, be tried. Mr Asquith said he would … [illegible]
RESIGNATION OF MR BIRRELL
STATEMENT IN PARLIAMENT
PLEA FOR HUMANITY
Mr. Birrell, Chief Secretary
for Ireland has resigned.
In the House of Commons on Thursday evening, he rose to make a
personal statement, but before he could proceed to say anything,
Mr. Ginnell interrupted and objected to any statement being made.
He refused to sit down when called to order, and the House continued
to roar “Order, order.”
Mr Ginnell a number of times began “I beg to give notice,”
but was unable to say anything more. Before he was finally crushed,
however, he managed to get out that he would call attention on
the adjournment to the “shotting of innocent men by the
He continued to shout after sitting down. Referring to Mr. Birrell
he said “We have got rid of him at last.”
The Speaker :– I must ask the hon member to control himself.
If he cannot I will have to ask him to leave. Mr Birrell was then
able to proceed. He said they had been promised a full, true,
searching and particular inquiry into the cause of the insurrection
in Ireland and as to the degrees of responsibility of the Irish
Government for what had taken place. In that inquiry he would,
as a private member, be able to take part.
When he was assured that the insurrection was quelled he placed
his resignation in the hands of the Prime Minister who had accepted
it. There was no other course open.
Mr. Birrell admitted that he had made an under estimate of the
Sinn Fein movement. But if there was error on his part it had
not proceeded from any lack of consideration or anxiety on his
part. He could assure his critics that they must change their
tactics. He might have made errors, but he asked the House to
consider what some of the consequences might have been had the
mistake been made in suppressing the movement. Despite what had
been done, the unity of Ireland had been preserved. This was not
an Irish rebellion (cheers). He hoped that although it were to
be put down, as it must with courage, at the same time that humanity
would be displayed towards the dupes led astray by their leaders.
Mr Asquith said that the matter was one for inquiry. He would
only say that he was sure the House had listened to this hon friend
with sympathy and emotion.
Mr Redmond said he frequently expressed the belief to Mr. Birrell
that no such ourburst was possible, and if the Right Hon Gentleman
was influenced that he accepted the responsibility. He appealed
to the Government not to treat with undue hardship and severity
the masses concerned on this recent outbreak.
Sir E. Carson paid a tribute to Mr. Birrell, and said the Sinn
Fein revolt had no connection with any of the political parties
in Ireland. He said no true Irishman would call for revengeance
upon the mass of the insurgents.
It is computed that the damage caused by the Dublin rebellion
amounts to two million pounds.
In the Dublin hospitals alone 188 persons have died including
72 soldiers, 100 rebels, or civilians; women 6; children 5; police
1 and loyal Volunteers 4.
General Maxwell commanding the forces, especially wishes to express
his gratitude to the Irish regiments which so largely helped to
crush the rising.