EIGHT MORE REBEL LEADERS SHOT.
MANY OTHERS SENTENCED TO PENAL SERVITUDE.
It was officially announced on
Thursday that four more rebel leaders – namely, Joseph Plunkett,
Edward Daly, Michael O’Hanrahan and William Pearse, had
been convicted by courtmartial and sentenced to death. They were
shot on Friday morning.
Fifteen others were sentenced to ten years’ penal servitude,
and one to eight years.
It is stated that Sir Roger Casement is to be tried in London
on a charge of high treason. The court will consist of three judges.
The announcement of the resignation of Mr Birrell was made in
the House of Commons on Wednesday. Mr Birrell in a personal statement
admitted that he had under-estimated the strength of the Sinn
Fein movement. There are rumours that other members of the Irish
Executive will resign.
MORE REBELS SHOT.
PENAL SERVITUDE FOR OTHERS.
The following further results
of the trial of the Sinn Fein rebels are announced :
CONVICTED AND SENTENCED TO DEATH.
Joseph Plunkett. Edward Daly. Ml. O’Hanlon. Wm. Pearse.
The above were shot on Friday morning, after confirmation of the
sentences by the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief.
COMMUTED TO TEN YEARS’ PENAL SERVITUDE.
The following were convicted and sentenced, but the sentences
were commuted by the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief to ten
years’ penal servitude-
Thomas Bevan, Thos Walsh, Finian Lynch, Michl. Mervyn, Denis O’Callaghan,
P E Sweeney, Patrick McNestry, Peter Clancy, Wm Tobin, George
Irvine, John Irvine, John Doherty, J J Walsh, James
Melinn, J J Reid, John Williams.
EIGHT YEARS PENAL SERVITUDE.
Convicted and sentenced to death, but commuted to eight years
penal servitude by the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief :
TEN YEARS’ PENAL SERVITUDE.
Convicted and sentenced to ten years’ penal servitude, and
sentence commuted by the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief
Francis Fahy, Richard Davys.
Further trials are proceeding.
GENERAL BOTHA’S MESSAGE.
MR REDMOND’S REPLY.
Mr John Redmond, M.P., has received
the following cablegram from General Botha, the Prime Minister
of South Africa:
Capetown, April 29.
“Accept my heartfelt sympathy and regret that a small section
in Ireland is jeopardising the great cause. I hope the Irish people
will allow your line of action and that your policy will be successful.
Mr Redmond has cabled the following
reply - “On behalf of my colleagues and myself, and the
overwhelming majority of the Irish people, I send you sincere
thanks for your message of sympathy and support.”
The official notification issued to day at the
Headquarters Staff Office, Dublin, says :
The following are further results of trials by Field General Courtmartial
Cornelius Colbert, Michael Mallon
Edmund Kent, J. J. Heuston.
All these four men took a very prominent part
in the rebellion.
Sentenced to death, commuted to eight years penal servitude –
Sentenced to death, commuted to five years penal servitude –
Vincent Poole and Wm P. Corrigan.
Sentenced to death, commuted to three years’ penal servitude
John Dourney. John Faulkiner.
James Burke. Michael Brady.
James Morrissy. James Dempsey.
Maurice Brennan. George Levins.
Gerald Doyle. John F. Cullen.
Charles Bevan. J. Dorrington.
John O’Brien. W. O’Dea.
Patrick Fogarty. P. Kelly.
Sentenced to ten years’
penal servitude, seven years remitted - Michael Scully.
Sentenced to two years’ imprisonment, with hard labour,
one year remitted – J. Crenigan, Wm Derrington.
Acquitted and released – John R. Reynolds, Joseph Callaghan.
Eamonn Kent, or Ceannt, was one of the signatories to the proclamation
issued by the rebels on Easter Monday. He was an official at a
high salary of the Dublin Corporation.
Mr Kent was a man of intellectual attainments and had a brilliant
SITUATION IN LIMERICK.
The ordinary railway passenger
and goods traffic from Ennis to Dublin was resumed on Monday by
the Great Southern and Western Company. Practically all the Sinn
Fein volunteers in Limerick and the outlying districts included
in the Parliamentary borough have surrendered their arms and ammunition.
Great satisfaction is felt among all classes of the community
that the causes for any uneasiness were so tactfully and considerately
arranged and in this happy ending the Commander of the Forces,
Sir Anthony A Weldon ; the Mayor, and others who took part in
getting the Volunteers to peacefully surrender their arms, have
contributed. There was practically no business done in the city
for the past fortnight owing to the wild rumours which were about,
and the anxiety that they gave rise to. During the fortnight that
has passed some twelve arrests were made under the provisions
of the Defence of the Realm Act, and the prisoners lodged in Limerick
Gaol. The men were from country districts, and the County of Clare.
MR SHEEHY SKEFFINGTON SHOT.
The “Freeman’s Journal”
says – “An inquiry has taken place in connection with
the shooting of three men at Portobello Barracks early in Easter
week, but the result is not yet known. It is stated that the three
men concerned are Mr F. Sheehy Skeffington, Mr McIntyre, and Mr
Dixon all three pretty well known in the city. With regard to
the first, it is rumoured that he was arrested while posting up
a notice calling for a volunteer police force to deal with looting”.
FURTHER SENTENCES IN DUBLIN.
COUNTESS SENTENCED TO DEATH.
COMMUTED TO PENAL SERVITUDE FOR LIFE.
The following further results of trials by Field
General Courts Martial are announced :
Sentenced to death, but commuted to penal servitude for life by
the General Officer Commanding in Chief – Constance Georgina
Markievicz, Henry O’Hanrahan.
Sentenced to death, commuted to ten years’ penal servitude
– George Plunkett, John Plunkett. These are brothers of
Joseph Plunkett, who has been shot.
Sentenced to death, commuted to five years’ penal servitude
– Philip B Cosgrave.
Sentenced to death, commuted to three years’ penal servitude
R Kelly F Brooks
W Wilson R Coleman
J Clarke T Peppard
J Marks J Norton
J Brennan T Byrne
P Wilson T O’Kelly
Sentenced to penal servitude for 20 years, 10
years remitted – James J Hughes.
Sentenced to penal servitude for 10 years, duly confirmed –
Sentenced to two years’ imprisonment with hard labour, duly
confirmed – J Wilson.
Sentenced to two years’ imprisonment with hard labour, one
year remitted – E Roach.
THE RISING IN CO. GALWAY.
INSURGENTS OCCUPY A CASTLE.
SOME NOTABLE ARRESTS.
Thrilling encounters between
insurgents and the forces of the Crown took place at Oranmore
in connection with the Galway rising.
On Easter Monday vague rumours of events in Dublin began to be
circulated. In the afternoon it was reported that 600 insurgents
[were] marching on Galway from the surrounding districts. Business
was at once suspended. Mr G Nicholls, B.A., Coroner, was the first
to be arrested in Galway, and soon afterwards Mr F Hardman, the
manager of one of the local picture houses, and Mr Carter, a Co.
Council official, were taken into custody, and conveyed to a mine
sweeper in the bay. Other arrests included Professor Steinberger,
of the University ; Dr T Walsh, another Professor ; Mr J Faller,
son of Mr S Faller, jeweller ; Padraic O’Maille, M Thornton,
N.T., Spiddal. Dr Steinberger has been professor of Modern Languages
at University College, Galway, since 1886, and was educated in
Germany, Italy, and France. He was found to have £800 in
gold in his room. Dr Walsh, who is a native of the county, has
been a Professor of Pathology in the University since 1912.
Galway was practically isolated
for a week owing to the rising, but a local newspaper published
bulletins daily, which tended to allay the general anxiety. A
meeting of representative citizens condemned the rising, and appointed
a Committee of Public safety. The National Volunteers turned out
to assist the military and naval authorities, and special constables
were sworn in, but, at the time, it was doubtful if the entire
defensive force could have mustered more than 100 men. At 5 p.m.
Lieutenant Commander Horan of the Naval Base, Galway, as a competent
military authority, issued an order closing all the licensed houses,
and directing all civilians, with the exception of the National
Volunteers, to remain indoors until 8 a.m. The banks were closed,
and the police took possession of the Post Office.
In the vicinity of Oranmore four armed insurgents entered the
signal cabin and broke the signals while covering the signalman
with revolvers. A short section of the rails was removed at Derrydonnell,
but it is was repaired by the railway authorities. About 35 of
the insurgents attacked the barracks at Oranmore, but were received
with rifle shots from the police inside. The insurgents then disappeared,
contenting themselves with discharging random shots at the barracks.
Sergeant Healy took refuge in the house of Constable Smyth. An
insurgent called upon them to surrender, but the sergeant threatened
to fire if he did not retire. The insurgents then attempted to
break in the door, but the sergeant fired some revolver shots
through the panels and the insurgents retired. Meanwhile Capt
Sir Andrew Armstrong and ten men of the Connaught Rangers and
Co. Inspector Ruttledge and ten men of the RIC reinforced the
men at Oranmore. A shot from the Co. Inspector’s revolver
was the signal to the men, who opened fire as they advanced and
the insurgents disappeared in motor cars and cars which they had
commandeered. A bullet whizzed past the Co. Inspector’s
ear, but neither he nor his party was hit.
A CONSTABLE KILLED.
In the early hours of the following
morning a body of police and 4 Galway military men in motor cars
went on a reconnaissance, and engaged a force of insurgents at
Carnmore, where Constable Whelan lost his life. A body of insurgents
who tried to advance on the city from the north were dispersed
by 18 shots from a six pounder on a gunboat in the Bay.
On the following day troops and marines arrived by steamer, and
large forces of police arrived from Connemara. Further reinforcements
of military arrived on Friday, when it became definitely known
that the insurgents, to the number of 1,400 had evacuated Athenry
and encamped at Moyode Castle, some miles away. When the news
of the Dublin surrenders arrived the insurgents began to disperse.
The authorities have been rounding up the insurgents, and about
350 were taken into custody. All the prisoners were conveyed on
board a light cruiser. The Co. Council, the Urban Council, and
the Galway Guardians have condemned the rising, and the Urban
Council has asked for mercy for the prisoners.
A special correspondent for the “Daily Chronicle,”
writing from Athenry, said the police knew that a man named “Captain”
Mellows, who had been deported from Ireland a month before, but
had made his escape from England, had entered the country disguised
as a priest. They were not surprised to learn that one of the
activities at the municipal centre was the manufacture of bombs.
About 500 insurgents responded to the call of the “Captain.”
Some 300 were armed with rifles, 150 with shotguns, and the remainder
with farming implements. Their numbers increased to about 1,000.
At the Board of Agriculture Model Farm the 25 students and staff
were overpowered. The insurgents broke into the clerks’
office, took all the money they could find, and settled down comfortably
for the night in the house and out buildings which are fairly
extensive, as the establishment covers some 600 acres. They did
no damage, but commandeered everything they could lay hands on.
ENCOUNTER WITH POLICE.
Two of the insurgents were wounded
in an encounter with the police the next day. Soon the rebels
were again on the march, but this time they had with them a train
of farm carts filled with food – butter, cheese, meat, and
so on – with cattle and sheep following behind, in addition
to three motor cars. They moved off in good military order along
the road to Loughrea, and at 4 o’clock were approaching
Moyode Castle – a lonely mansion owned by Lady Ardilaun
which has been untenanted, except by a caretaker, for the past
It was to this strange spot that the rebel army of Co. Galway
marched to demand admittance and shelter. The found the caretaker,
John Shackleton, his wife, and his daughter Maisie (a pretty 18
year old girl) the only people in possession, so they merely stated
their intentions and walked in. Then they sent out armed scouts
to give warning of approaching danger and made their arrangements
for what looked like a long stay.
“The colleens did most of the cooking and were very polite
and civil,” Maisie Shackleton told me. “There was
no drinking at all among the men. They always spoke to Mr Mellows
as ‘Captain,’ and he gave them a great talking to
when one of their rifles went off accidentally in the drawing-room.”
A PROMINENT FIGURE.
One of the foremost figures
in the command, this correspondent adds, was a priest who appeared
to exercise as much control over them as the Captain. He heard
the men’s confessions, and it was he who asked Mrs Shackleton
to allow the 15 or 20 women the insurgents had with them to sleep
in the caretaker’s quarters. Five policemen were held as
On Thursday afternoon there was a bellicose interlude. An exchange
of shots between the rebels and the police seems to have resulted
in some advantage to the former, which, considering their strength,
is not surprising. A number of the police had narrow escapes,
not only from injury, but also from capture, and finally the rebels
chased the forces of the Crown all the way from Athenry (a distance
of about four miles,) with the help of their three motor cars.
The six police engaged were mounted on bicycles, and had about
three hundred yards start. They rode for their lives, the rebels
gaining on them at every yard, and only just succeeded in reaching
safety at the Athenry police barracks.
Friday evening saw a change
in the situation, brought about by the news that troops and R.
I. C. men had arrived in Loughrea, six miles away, with artillery,
and were advancing on the castle. The commando immediately began
to evacuate its stronghold, marching off, still in good order,
towards Lime Park. But it soon became evident that they army was
discouraged. Lime Park was reached only by a remnant of the original
force. Even the rebel remnant, however, began to melt away almost
as soon as it arrived. Some stole off to their homes, throwing
away their arms at the first convenient opportunity. Some took
to the hills, finding it impossible to penetrate the wide crescent
of soldiers and police that was slowly moving towards them. In
a couple of days over 200 of the men were taken as they attempted
to slip back unobserved to their former haunts.
Mellows and some of his lieutenants and more desperate adherents
took to the hills, where the search for them is proceeding.
PROMINENT MEN ARRESTED.
In Dublin and various parts
of the country the authorities continue to effect arrests of persons
suspected of either direct association or sympathy with the rebellion
or Sinn Fein movement.
Amongst those taken into custody in Dublin are Alderman T Kelly,
Mr Arthur Griffiths, former editor of “Sinn Fein,”
Professor Eoin MacNeill, President Irish Volunteers, and Mr Henry
Dixon, of Cabra, a Dublin clerk. Many conflicting rumours were
afloat as to what happened to the secretary of the organisation,
Mr Bulmer Hobson, but nothing reliable is known.
Rev P. Flanagan, C.C, Ringsend, was arrested by the military on
Saturday, and detained. During the trouble he was in the country
On Saturday evening about 200 prisoners from Galway and 10 from
Wexford districts were brought to Dublin for trial. Upwards of
130 prisoners, including 30 women and prominent members of the
GAA have been taken in Co. Wexford. From Athenry district, 41
prisoners were conveyed to Galway Jail. Further arrests have been
made in Ardee and Dunleer, including the men who seized Barmeath
Castle. They surrendered unconditionally.
Mr John Sweetman, ex-M P, was
arrested at Drumbarragh, Kells, and conveyed to Dublin. In Oldgate
Mr M Grace, engineer to the guardians, and Mr C Fox were arrested.
Mr John Corcoran, foreman in the drapery establishment of Mr D
J Murtagh, R D C, Kiltimagh, was arrested and remanded locally
on a charge of having stated that the Kiltimagh bank would be
blown up. He was admitted to bail at first, but was subsequently
re-arrested and conveyed to Castlebar. Mr Daniel Kelly, station
master at Cashelnagore station, on the Burtonport Railway was
arrested on Saturday.
Several arrests have been made in Mayo, and include Messrs Peter
O’Rourke, commercial traveller ; Colum O’Geary, Gaelic
League Organiser ; J. T. Gordon, hotel proprietor, Claremorris
; P. McCarthy, Customs and Excise Officer, Cong, and John Corcoran,
Kiltimagh. The charges against them are of making statements prejudicial
to the King’s relations with foreign Powers.
Over 250 persons altogether have been arrested in Dalkey, Kingstown,
Blackrock, Foxrock, and adjacent districts. The O’Rahilly’s
sister, Miss O’Rahilly, was amongst those arrested in Dublin.
In Dundalk 15 arrests were made, and others were made in Drogheda,
Dunleer and Ardee.
FURTHER ARRESTS IN VARIOUS CENTRES.
PRESIDENT OF G.A.A. DETAINED.
Some arrests continue to be
made in Dublin and district. House to house searches have been
made in various areas, and in some cases the police and military
have made arrests.
Amongst those who have been detained in Dalkey are John Kavanagh,
U D C ; Charles Somers, Austin Smith, B Harte, and – Coleman.
Captain O’Connell, who is said to be an organiser of the
Irish Volunteers, was quietly taken into custody in Kilkenny,
and on Thursday last Alderman Jas. Nowlan, President of the G.
A. A., on arriving off the train from Dublin, was detained. Other
detentions included Peter de Loughry, T.C., and later his brother,
Laurence de Loughry, Ml Purcell, T. C. ; J Stallard, ex T.C. ;
Ml Dwyer, ex T.C. and about 20 others, all of whom were lodged
in Kilkenny jail.
About thirty prominent members of the Sinn Fein organisation were
taken into custody by a party of military and Constabulary and
conveyed in motor cars to Cork.
Mr John Sweetman, of Drumbarragh, Kells, was taken into custody
by Head Constable Beatty, and an armed guard of policemen, and
was conveyed to Dublin by motor.
In Oldcastle Mr Michael Grace, engineer to the Guardians and Council,
and Mr Charles Fox, have been detained. The latter was arrested
some months ago subsequent to the escape of some German prisoners,
but was discharged.
A number of Irish Volunteers in Kinsale district have been placed
under detention and taken to Cork by a strong military escort.
Arms, ammunition, flags and documents were seized from the prisoners.
On Friday last County Inspector Tweedy, Bandon, and District Inspector
Rowan, Clonakilty, accompanied by a body of Connaught Rangers,
in command of a military officer, proceeded in ten motor cars
to the townlands of Lyre, Bealad, Knuckshagh and Cahilesky, and
took into custody eight members of the Sinn Fein movement in that
district. Arms, ammunition, bandoliers, uniforms, and a few croppy
pikes were seized.
During Easter week the authorities in the town of Clonmel took
precautions against trouble, but nothing of an untoward character
occurred. The following detentions have been made : - John Morrissey
(married), carpenter ; Thomas Halpin, clerk ; Philip Cunningham,
draper’s assistant ; Dominick Mackey, cycle mechanic ; Frank
Drohan, coachbuilder ; Jas Ryan, coachbuilder. Mr Seamus O’Neill,
teacher of Irish at Rockwell, was also detained by the police.
In Mayo several people have been detained in connection with the
rising. Among them are Messrs Peter O’Rourke, commercial
traveller ; Colum O’Grady, Gaelic League organiser, Cong
; Philip Muloren, D.C., do, Ballyhaunis ; J T Gordon, hotel proprietor,
Claremorris ; P McCarthy, Customs and Excise Officer, Cong ; John
Corcoran, shop assistant, Kiltimagh ; the charges against them
being of making statements prejudicial to his Majesty’s
relations with foreign Powers and “suspicion.”
LIMERICK CONDEMNATION OF THE REVOLT.
Speaking at the meeting of the
Limerick Co. Council on Saturday, the chairman, Mr W R Gubbins,
Mr Ml. Quinlan proposed a resolution renewing their confidence
in the Irish Party, as led by Mr Redmond, and earnestly appealing
to the Government to deal leniently with the misguided men who
took part in the rebellion. They were all grieved he said, to
see the capital of the country in ruins, and when the melancholy
proceedings which had brought the destruction of life and property
were sifted, the result would transfer from the shores of Ireland
the responsibility for the anguish that had been caused.
Mr John Fitzgibbon seconded.
Mr Mackey proposed an amendment urging that it would be well to
be silent on the question for the present, as the facts of the
revolt were little known, and suggesting that the example of South
Africa might be followed in Ireland. He did not think there was
any necessity for renewing confidence in Mr Redmond. They had
already done that at the last meeting.
After some discussion the original resolution was passed, with
an addendum asking for leniency for the insurgents.
The Chairman thoroughly agreed with Mr Quinlan. The whole proceedings
that led to the disturbance were regrettable, and the least said
about them the better.
The Mayor of Limerick, Mr S B Quin, in a letter to the Press,
heartily thanks his fellow-citizens for their praiseworthy demeanour
during the trouble. He thanks the Irish Volunteers for their action,
taken on his advice, by which the peace of the city was assured
from the start, and he also thanks the Commanding Officer, Sir
A Weldon, D. S. O., and the officers of the Leinster Regiment
for their great kindness and courtesy to him. The officers and
men of the Constabulary share in his expressions of thanks.
LIMERICK VISITOR’S SAD FATE.
Much regret is felt in Limerick
at the tragic fate in Dublin of Mr Wm Moore, Limerick District
Auditor, G. S. and W. R. On Holy Thursday he and his wife and
little son travelled to Belfast on a brief holiday, and returning
to Dublin on Easter Monday, there were “held up” while
visiting friends at 4 Annesley Bridge Road, Fairview. Passing
upstairs on Thursday morning, a bullet fired by it is said one
of the soldiers from the railway embankment, passing through the
glass door panel, shot him fatally through the back. About thirty
bullets struck this and the next house, where two of the residents
were struck by fragments of broken glass. Mr Moore was a county
Cavan man, and was connected with the G. S. and W. Railway for
about 20 years.
The London correspondent of the
“Freeman” says –
Amongst those arrested in connection with the recent events in
Dublin is a gentleman who was formerly an American Minister to
one of the Central American Republics. He is a native of Ireland,
but lived a long while in the United States, where he became an
American citizen. He returned to Ireland early last year and was
in business in Dublin until his arrest last week. He has been
brought in custody to London, the Government having apparently
decided to make it a special case, presumably because of his American
citizenship. The precise nature of the charge against him is not
REBEL’S MARRIAGE BEFORE
MRS GIFFORD’S STORY.
special correspondent, writing from Dublin on Friday, says –
One of the most poignant of the many tragedies which stand out
from the grim and sordid drama which in the past ten days has
been enacted in Ireland is revealed by the following announcement
in the “Birth, Marriages, and Death” column of this
morning’s “Irish Times” –
Plunkett and Gifford --- May 3, 1916, at Dublin, Joseph Plunkett
to Grace Gifford.
Behind that simple announcement lies the story of a well-known
and honoured Dublin family brought to sorrow and tribulation by
the crime of the Sinn Fein, and of two refined and artistic girls,
daughters of the family and well known in Dublin society, who
lives have been wrecked by the insane folly of two men. And behind
all looms the strange mysterious figure of Countess Markievicz,
who has played so prominent a part in the late tragic events,
and has flitted through all the dark pages of Irish discontent
and treason of recent years.
The Joseph Plunkett whose name figures in this pathetic marriage
notice is the rebel leader, one of the seven signatories to the
proclamation to the “Republic,” who was shot yesterday
morning. His bride was Miss Grace Gifford, daughter of Mr Frederick
Gifford, a prominent Dublin solicitor, who lives at Palmerston
In the gloomy precincts of the Richmond Barracks, where the rebel
leaders have been imprisoned, the marriage ceremony was performed
by the chaplin at midnight on Wednesday. Few scenes in this great
futile tragedy can have so wrung the hearts of those who witnessed
it as did this hurried joining together, in the silent watches
of the night, of two young lives so soon to be severed by the
inexorable decrees of human justice. For a few all-too-brief hours
husband and wife were left together before the last farewell.
An hour later, with the dawn of a perfect spring morning breaking
in a cloudless sky, the bridegroom stood facing a firing party
in the barracks courtyard. A curt order, the crash of a volley,
and the curtain was wrung down on the tragedy of two lives.
The horror of the story is enhanced by the fact that Thomas McDonagh,
another of the rebel leaders, who was shot on Wednesday, was the
husband of Miss Gifford’s sister, Muriel. Within 24 hours
both sisters have been widowed.
One sad chapter in the story was related to me this morning by
Mr Stoker, a well-known jeweller in Grafton street. On Wednesday
evening, he said, just as he was about to close his premises,
a young and attractive lady, evidently of good social position,
entered the shop, and asked to be shown some wedding rings. What
attracted the jeweller’s attention, however, was the fact
that, despite her veil, it could plainly be seen that the lady’s
eyes were read [sic] with weeping, while as she spoke she with
difficulty stifled convulsive sobs.
Surprised at her evident distress, Mr. Stoker gently inquired
if she were in trouble. “You should not cry when you are
going to be married,” he observed. For a moment his visitor
hesitated, with the tears running down her cheeks. Then she revealed
the whole tragedy, saying she was Mr Plunkett’s fiancée,
and that he was to be shot the next morning, and that she was
to be married to him that night.
“For the moment I was thunderstruck,” said Mr Stoker,
“and didn’t know what to say or do. Somehow or other
I managed to express my sympathy with her in her terrible position,
and she thanked me very quietly. Then she selected the most expensive
of the rings, paid for it in notes, and left the shop.”
Further light was cast upon the tragedy by Miss Gifford’s
mother, whom I saw this morning at her home at Palmerston Park.
Her father has been confined to bed for some time as a result
of a stroke. Mrs. Gifford was naturally very upset at the disaster
in which her daughters’ lives have become involved.
“I did not know of my daughter’s marriage to Mr Plunkett
until yesterday,” she told me. “I did not even know
definitely that they had been engaged, although I had heard it
stated. I did not ask Grace, and she did not tell me, because
she knew I disapproved of the whole thing. I had put it to her
that she would be doing a very foolish thing since the man’s
actions and associations had all along put him in a peculiarly
delicate position, but she apparently did not think so.”
“That Countess Markievicz,” continued Mrs Gifford,
“has been responsible all along for dragging them into it.
They got to know her several years ago, and have largely been
under her influence. We knew nothing of what was going on however,
and no one was more surprised than we were when the revolt broke
out. I first heard of her marriage yesterday from Grace herself.
I went to see her sister, Mrs McDonagh, and while I was there
she came into the room. She walked right across to me and held
out her left hand, on the third finger of which was a wedding
ring. I did not make a remark, but I knew she meant she was married.
Then she told us she had been called out of her bed on the Wednesday
night, and had been taken to Plunkett to marry him.
“Although the announcement was a great surprise and shock
to me, I had been prepared for something by an incident which
took place the previous night. She left home that day (Wednesday)
after lunch, and during the evening sent a telephone message through
a neighbour saying she was staying in town for the night. I sat
up waiting for my son, and towards midnight there came a knock
at the door, which I thought was him. The maid had gone to bed,
and I opened the door myself, but instead of my son I found a
policeman, while on the road outside was a big motor car with
two English officers.
One of the officers got out of the car and told me he had an important
letter for Mrs Plunkett. Thinking they meant Plunkett’s
mother, the countess, I said she did not live here. He went and
consulted the other officer, and then came back and asked for
Miss Grace Gifford. I told him she was not at home, and that she
was staying in town.
“When I saw Grace next day she told me that the letter was
to tell her to go to the prison, where they would be married.
She said they were married at midnight, and that he was shot shortly
That was all the mother knew. She had not seen nor heard from
her daughter since, and did not know where she was staying. Mrs
Gifford stated that her other daughter, Muriel, married McDonagh
four years ago. They had two children, a boy aged three and a
girl aged eighteen months. McDonagh was a professor in the University
College at Dublin, and had also done considerable journalistic
work and written several books.
Miss Gifford, who was twenty-eight years of age, contributed pen
and ink caricatures frequently to the “Irish Review.”
She is undoubtedly gifted with considerable talent, although her
work shows a tendency to the exaggerations of the Futuristic style.
For some time she studied at the Slade School of Art in London.
Fair, of medium height and build, with typically Irish eyes, she
is described by all who knew her as a peculiarly handsome and
attractive girl. For some time she has talked, her mother told
me, of going to America to work. Two of her sisters and two brothers
are already there. Another brother came over in the Canadian contingent,
and is at present in England.
SPEECH OF MR T P O’CONNOR,
“NOT AN IRISH REBELLION.”
Speaking at the anniversary
banquet of the London Foreman Engineers’ Association, Mr
T P O’Connor, M.P., who proposed “The Allied Forces,”
referred to the disturbances in Ireland. He remarked that no words
spoken during the crisis were more true that of Mr Birrell, who
said that this had not been an Irish rebellion (hear hear). The
overwhelming majority of the people of Ireland had condemned,
reprobated and sorrowed over what had taken place. They had a
slight percentage of lunatics (laughter.) They could not expect
any community – not even the House of Commons – to
be without its lunatics (laughter). But they made short work of
them, and 150,000 Irishmen had gone from England, Scotland and
Wales to fight by the side of the other subjects and citizens
of the Empire (hear hear). He was sure he was reflecting the opinion
of the English people when he said that he hoped the era of punishment
and execution was coming to an end and that an era of clemency
was beginning. “I pray and implore you, now that you have
95 per cent of the Irish people on your side, to do nothing which
would produce a reaction, but having got their friendship, to
retain it” (cheers.)
SEARCH FOR ARMS IN CORK.
Numerous parties of military,
accompanied by police, began a search for arms throughout the
city on Monday morning. They visited the houses of many persons
suspected of connection with the Sinn Fein movement and made a
thorough overhaul of the premises. Several shops were also examined,
but up to mid-day, with perhaps one or two exceptions, no effective
military weapons were gathered in. A number of shotguns and some
corresponding ammunition were, however, taken possession of, together
with some old implements, which looked like imitation pikes or
DEATH OF VERY REV. FR. WATTERS.
Rev. F. J. Watters, who was shot while standing in front of his
door at the Marist College in Leeson street, has since died of
his wounds. He was 66 years of age.
SEARCH FOR DEAD.
The work of burying the dead
during the outbreak was a very serious one, and the daily round
of duty brought the officials into contact with many distressing
One of the most gruesome scenes which the search for the dead
revealed was the discovery in Clanwilliam place (off Mount street)
a body so badly charred that any chance of identification of the
features was impossible. It has been lying there for some time
unnoticed, and the only thing which could serve to trace recognition
of the unfortunate victim was a cheque which was discovered in
one of the pockets of the half-burned clothing. It was so thickly
bedaubed with blood that the signature is not certain, but it
is hoped that the Bank will be able to trace the issue, and that
the name of the deceased will in this way be established.
Owing to the condition of several of the bodies picked up in the
fighting areas it was found necessary to proceed with the interments
as quickly as possible. Everything possible, however, was done
which could help to the identification of the deceased, but, nevertheless,
many bodies were interred without having being identified, or
at any rate without notice being given to the authorities. For
several days it was not possible to provide coffins for the burials,
and about fifty bodies were consigned to their resting place in
As far as can be ascertained the number of bodies disinterred
in various parts of the city number about ten, but there may be
others which have not yet come to light. Four of these have taken
place in North King street, where on Saturday last the remains
of four civilians were taken from temporary graves in the yard
of the house No. 27, and reinterred at Glasnevin. The circumstances
under which they came to be buried in the back yard are not definitely
ascertained, but it is surmised that they took shelter in the
house, and got shot during the progress of the very hot fight
in this neighbourhood on Thursday and Friday, and Saturday night
of Easter week. It was perhaps owing to the difficulties of giving
them sepulchre in consecrated ground that the temporary burial
took place, but at any rate the whole occurrence is surrounded
with a good deal of mystery. It is also stated that a good deal
of bodies dressed in uniform have been disinterred from the yard
of another house in the same street at No. 169.
A certain number of civilian dead have been buried in Deane’s
INTERMENTS IN GLASNEVIN
Up to the 5th May 197 bodies
have been interred in Glasnevin Cemetery, the deaths in all cases
resulting from gunshot wounds. Since Friday five more have been
added to the list.
THE FERMOY AFFRAY.
THOMAS KENT SHOT.
Appended is an official communication
received from headquarters on Tuesday morning – The following
results of field general courtmartial are announced – Thomas
Kent, of Coole, near Fermoy, was sentenced to death and the sentence
duly confirmed by the general Officer Commanding-in-Chief in Ireland.
The sentence was carried out yesterday morning.
Wm. Kent of Coole, near Fermoy, was acquitted.
MR ASQUITH’S STATEMENT.
Mr Asquith in the House of Commons,
stated the total casualties sustained by the troops, Navy, Police,
and loyal Volunteers in Dublin were – Killed, 124; wounded,
NO NEW SENTENCES.
On inquiry at the Headquarters Staff Office here this afternoon,
it was ascertained that no sentences had been promulgated and
that no official statement would be issued. It is expected that
a statement would be made to-morrow.
SIR ROGER’S TRIAL.
Much public interest attaches
to the trial of Sir Roger Casement. It remains with the Government
to say whether the case will be heard in camera or whether the
evidence will be made known to the public. His case, as the “Law
Journal” points out, is not on all fours with that of the
men who have been dealt with in Dublin. He is not charged with
treason on Irish soil, so that the Irish King’s Bench has
no jurisdiction over his case. Besides his arrest was not effected
at a time when Martial Law was in force in this country. Since
the crime of which he is accused is presumably that of assisting
the King’s enemies in Germany and on the high seas –
i.e., in places outside the jurisdiction of any local courts,
Irish or English – the English High Court can try him by
virtue of its general power to try high crimes and misdemeanours
committed abroad, wherever as in the case of treason, there is
jurisdiction to try these crimes at all. A trial at Bar will be
necessary, since the Central Criminal Court in London is a purely
local English Court, and apart from statute, has no foreign jurisdiction.
No definite statement has been made as to the name of the counsel
retained to defend Sir Roger Casement. Sir Edward Carson, who
was stated last week to have been asked to undertake the defence
of Sir Roger, has now wired to the press denying all knowledge
of the matter.
DEVOY AND THE GERMANS.
The “Daily Chronicle”
correspondent says – John Devoy, an irreconcilable and editor
of the “Gaelic American,” was included in an indictment
charging him with conspiracy with von Papen, von Igel, Tauscher,
and others, to send a military expedition to Canada. It is alleged
that Devoy introduced von der Goltz to a certain Ryan at Buffalo,
the financial agent for von Papen.