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Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland 1845

 
Barony of Bunratty (Lower and Upper)

Two baronies in co. Clare, Munster. The district extends north and south, in a belt 16 miles long, and from 3 to 7 broad, from side to side of the county; yet over from 2 to 4 miles at its south end, it expands to a breadth of 13 miles. It is bounded, on the north, by co. Galway; on the east, by the barony of Tullagh; on the south, by the river and estuary of the Shannon, which divide it from co. Limerick; and on the west, by the baronies of Clonderalaw Islands, and Inchiquin. A tributary of the Fergus, the Fergus itself, the Shannon, and the Ougarnee, unitedly peninsulate a very large proportion of the area. Much of the surface is rocky, yet not unproductive; for it produces very luxuriant herbage among the rocks, and grazes large flocks of sheep. The barony formerly belonged to the family of Macnamara, and was called Dangan-i-vigin. Pop., in 1831, 35,816. Houses 5,440. By authority of the Act 6 and 7 William IV., the parishes of Kilmurry and Kilfinaghty, with the exception of the townland of South Bunnabia in the latter, were transferred to Lower Bunratty from Upper Tulla. Lower Bunratty contains part of the parishes of Killelly, St. Munchins, and St. Patrick’s, and the whole of the parishes of Bunratty, Clonloghan, Drumline, Feenagh, Kilconry, Kilfenaghta, Kilfintman, Kilmaleery, Kilmurry, and Tomfinlough. Its chief towns or villages are Newmarket-on-Fergus and Six-mile-Bridge. Area. 69,083 acres; of which 11,623 acres are tideway. Pop., in 1841, 23,535. Houses 3,605. Families employed chiefly in agriculture, 2,896; in manufactures and trade, 553; in other pursuits, 467. Males at and above 5 years of age who could read and write, 3,670; who could read but not write, 1,277; who could neither read nor write, 5,288. Females at and above 5 years of age who could read and write, 1,490; who could read but not write, 1,766; who could neither read nor write, 7,041. —Upper Bunratty contains the whole of the parishes of Clooney, Doora, Inchicronan, Kilraghtis, Quin, and Templemaley. Its chief villages are Quin and Crusheen. Area, 53,844 acres. Pop., in 1841, 18,370. Houses 2,916. Families employed chiefly in agriculture, 2,662; in manufactures and trade, 277; in other pursuits, 119. Males at and above 5 years of age who could read and write, 2,910; who could read but not write, 1,280; who could neither read nor write, 3,783. Females at and above 5 years of age who could read and write, 1,085; who could read but not write, 1,453; who could neither read nor write, 5,554.

The Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland, 1845
Courtesy of Clare Local Studies Project

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