Riches of Clare Exhibition - Earth collect, preserve, interpret and display the material culture relating to the history of County Clare, both in the museum building and online,
as an educational resource and a socially inclusive cultural service for the people of Clare and visiting tourists.


Roughan Hill, County Clare

A kidney shaped stone enclosure surrounds the remains of several structures at Roughan Hill today. The site was discovered in 1994 during the course of an intensive survey, aimed at finding settlements contemporary with the many surrounding wedge shaped tombs.

The central structure of settlement 1 was excavated in 1995, and the Beaker pottery found then confirmed that this site was contemporary with the wedge tombs.

In the Final Neolithic\Early Bronze Age there was a busy farming community on Roughan Hill consisting of several settlements. Finds date from c2400-2000 BC.

Most of the stone tools from Roughan Hill were made by flaking chert or flint. A large chunk of stone was struck with a hammerstone to remove flakes and shape a core. The smaller more precisely shaped flakes were removed using a softer tool such as an antler tine. Either the core or the flakes could be made into tools. The waste material from this process is known as debitage and consists of expended cores, flakes, shatter and chunks. Over four thousand pieces of debitage were found on settlement 1.

Ref: 95E61:283a-d, 291a, 713, 803 a-f

Photograph appears courtesy of the National Museum of Ireland

Karst of Ireland - The Burren

Debitage, 95E61:283a-d, 291a, 713, 803 a-f
Click image for high resolution photograph

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