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|Archaeology of the Burren: Prehistoric Forts and Dolmens in North Clare by Thomas Johnson Westropp|
Part V: Eanty and Poulgorm: Caher-Poulgorm; Moher; Poulacarran
Poulacarran (O.S. 9)
It is really of two crescent walls abutting on the cliff of the lower ‘Faugher’ or rock-terrace below Fanygalvan. It encloses a garth 92 feet across and 67 feet deep in the middle, with traces of house enclosures to the north. The fort has an unusual feature, for instead of the horns of the crescent abutting on the cliff they turn inward along its edge for about 10 feet and 12 feet, which possibly misled the surveyors into the belief that it was once a complete ring. The inner wall is of good, coarse slab-masonry 6 feet thick, and 5 to over 6 feet high, being most perfect to the north. Two upright joints remain to that side. It has two faces, with but little filling, and at one part to the south-east remains an outer facing only 31 inches thick. This is unique in my experience, for, though the outer sections, thinner than the inner ones, are found (e.g., at Caheridoula, described below, at Dunbeg fort, near Fahan in Kerry, and Ballylin Caher in western County Limerick), nothing so flimsy as this facing seems to occur elsewhere. It extends for over 30 feet, with further traces of foundation, but does not seem to have existed to the north of the gate. The gateway faced to the south-east, and was 4 feet wide, with a long lintel 6 feet 3 inches by 10 inches, and over it a relieving slab 4 feet 6 inches by 2 feet 9 inches, as is very usual. It has been recently thrown down to admit cattle. The side piers are built in courses with large blocks. The wall along the precipice is modern, to keep cattle from falling over. The outer enclosure is a slight, defaced structure, 4 feet thick, either very late or rudely rebuilt. The path leads down the cliff to a deep, wet little hazel glen, beyond which is the ridge on which lies the double Caher of Poulacarran, already described ; the water-supply of the fort probably lay in the glen.