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|Archaeology of the Burren: Prehistoric Forts and Dolmens in North Clare by Thomas Johnson Westropp|
Part V: Eanty and Poulgorm; Caherlisaniska; Caves
In Kilcorney parish, two of the forts passed over with
bare mention in a former paper  deserve full description. On either
side of a picturesque gorge is a fort, Caherlisananima and Caherlisaniska;
the first is an extremely dilapidated ring-wall on a slight knoll on
the hillside; the second is an interesting link between the ring-fort
and promontory fort.
An oval cathair occupies the rounded south end of the spur, being 74 feet north and south, and 50 feet east and west. The inner facing is much dilapidated; the outer is of good, coarse work, 6 to 8 feet thick and high, save to the south-east, where it is over 9 feet high, of large blocks without filling, and only laid in courses at the south entrance. The gate was apparently only 30 inches wide, and 6 feet high and deep. The east pier is intact; the lintel lies at the entrance 6 feet 8 inches long by 3 feet wide, and 5 to 6 inches thick, and, perhaps, covered the passage length way. A gap, with no trace of piers, opens to the north into the outer court. This is formed by a loop of wall joining the ring, running straight along the edge of a low crag, and turning sharply across the spur to meet the edge of the cliff. Its northern end is overlooked by a bold, higher bluff, suggesting that missile attack was not foreseen, or at least not feared, by the designers. The wall of the outwork is far better than that of the ring-fort, which is very unusual, as the annexe is usually an afterthought; it is 4 to 5 feet thick, and 6 to 8 feet high, on a ledge of the same height.
Excavations in these caverns should be profitable
both to science and archaeology, to judge from the results of Mr. Richard
Ussher’s work in the caves at
Edenvale and Newhall in the same part of the county. His
slight examination of the caves in Glencurraun yielded evidence of very early
but his methodical work disclosed relics of a very cold period, the bones of
elk, reindeer, lemming, wolves, and huge bears, with primitive human settlements,
yielding charcoal layers, flint implements, bone pins, and pierced shells,
with possible traces of cannibalism. Of early civilization, bronze and golden
bracelets, an inlaid silver belt-clasp, amber and medieval skeans were discovered.