|Clare County Library||
|Donated Material: Births/Baptisms, Marriages, Deaths|
1. Introductory Text
There seems at this stage, March of A.D.2011, to be no earlier Roman Catholic Registries. There may be a shorter, later Marriage Register book for a reduced Carrigaholt Parish (up to c.1880?), as well as the Irish National Civil Birth, Marriage & Death Register Indexes from January 1st 1864.
After the Revd Fr Michael Meehan, P.P. died at his sister’s
in Limerick City, on January 24th 1878, he was buried out west, under
the floor of the ‘Star of the Sea’ Church at Moneen, and that
Parish of Cross / Kilballyowen was separated again from Carrigaholt.
This physical book was likely a Central Register for the whole Moyarta Barony. It was kept at St Mary’s Church (built 1833), Church Street, Carrigaholt. As other churches were built and used at Doonaha, Cross, Moneen (Kilbaha/Kilballyowen) etc their register entries were probably written on scraps of paper and later transferred to this central book. This would explain how the date order became mixed up - how some of the transcription errors were introduced - and how, perhaps 30% of entries were missed out altogether?
I have ‘standardised’ some spellings to a modern, consistent version to enable WordSearch of this file, but I have tried to also retain a reference to the original spelling where applicable.
It is important to know that in this 19th Century Roman Catholic Ireland, a strong tradition had built up that the church Sacrament of Marriage should best be performed just before ‘Lent’, which is the moveable, 40-day period of penance, fasting & abstinence leading up to Easter Sunday. Lent opens with ‘Ash Wednesday’, which is preceded by ‘Shrove Tuesday’, also known throughout the Christian & Eastern Orthodox worlds as ‘Pancake, Blini or Shrove Tuesday’, or Mardi Gras. In Russia, there is still observed a ‘bleenee week’, where on 7 sequential days, the cupboards are emptied of all luxury foods in a set pattern of blini / pancake spreads, in preparation for the fasting period of 40 days of penance and abstinence. That is the main reason why you will notice that most (>90% ?) of these marriages are in a ‘season’ based around February, which was usually about 40 days before the Full Moon at Easter. It is even possible that this Register was deliberately not completed for some marriages outside that Shrovetide (Refer to the ‘gaps’ in the 1860s).
= Ecclesiastical Calendar.
This older end of the book opens with a calligraphic
Frontispiece : at the other, Baptism, end of the book is a Receipt #1728
from Hely’s Ltd for 4 shillings & 2 pence from January 5th 1852
to Fr Michael Meehan of Carrigaholt. Hely’s is still a Stationers
in Dublin. The handwriting throughout would have been done with “dip
& scratch” capillary ink pen nibs, where a fresh ‘dip’
in an ink-well was necessary every word or so.
“CARIGAHOLT (sic.) MARRIAGE REGISTRY A.D. 1852”
*This Fr Laurence Hannon, (or Hannan?), is likely to have also been the Curate and Assistant Manager at Lack School, southwest from Ennis, Co. Clare from 1840-1849.
Later in this Registry there were other priests at Carrigaholt,
In case anyone looks at the original book, or photos,
photocopies or microfilm of it, you will see here on this front page,
one of the typical, scribbled mathematical subtraction sums, “1930
– 1852 = 78”. These sums appear all through the Registries,
as priests & parish clerks later worked out a person’s age,
perhaps when they died or married. Sometimes it is possible to work out
who the sum refers to, and this can confirm, or provide extra, information.
2. Co. Kerry is visible just south across
the River Shannon Estuary from west Co. Clare.
3. I think the surname is GUNN ? On www.boards.ancestry.co.uk there is a landholder named George Gunn c.1870s in Co. Limerick. There was also a local George Gunn in 1823 in the Townland of ‘Furruir = Furroor’ who was assessed to pay a tithe tax to support the Anglican, Established Church of Ireland : refer Tithe Applotments List on the Clare County Library website
7. This is the 1st marriage with a dispensation,
= 4th degree & 4th degree cousin-relationship. Probably it was delayed
from before Lent because of the wait for permission. For closer and closer
‘cousin’ relationships, higher amounts of money had to be
paid to the Church for dispensation / permission to marry, and permission
from higher authority was sought. 3rd cousins could be allowed to marry
by the parish priest, while 2nd cousins or multiple-related parties could
be allowed to marry by the Bishop of Killaloe. For 1st cousins, or for
a widower to marry his late wife’s sister, for instance, the Pope
in the Vatican had to approve of it. There are two of these in this Register,
from the ‘Papa’ in The Vatican in Rome.
8. The ‘Artillery’ would be stationed at one of the 1802-era stone Napoleonic forts at either Kilcredane Cliff or Doonaha beach or Scattery Island. A Royal Artillery man, Joseph Digan was severely wounded in The Crimean War against Russia in 1855? Could be the same man?
11. I can’t see any Mary Kelly as a mother, married to a Gorman or Ginnane, baptising children. And vice-versa for Pat Gorman, Gunn, Green. Did they emigrate? Have no children? Or did one partner die & the other re-marry, perhaps? There were other individuals with these names, but not as a couple.
12. Double reverse marriage of sister-brother & brother-sister? : same surnames, same Witnesses. This situation was desirable for both families to avoid a ‘dowry’ situation. It happens quite often in this Registry.
13. This entry was repeated at the top
of the next page, above Pat’s marriage details, but as if performed
by Fr L Hannan on Shrovetide Tuesday, Feb 8th.
15. As a Ditto, FEB 7th 1853 = Yes,
over a year since the first entry of these details, -- Look at the front
of this Register Book, on JAN 28th 1852, for the same name, Conor Murray
being married to Mary Fennell? What has happened is that a new priest,
Fr M J Kenny, C.C. has written this in again, at the bottom of the page,
and under the wrong year? That is, going by the handwriting changes?
Page headed “1853-4,” (with a big stain covering
the top right corner).
The February 4th 1853 entry from the previous page is
repeated here, but with a date of the 8th, perhaps so that two Walsh brothers,
James & Pat, could be adjacent in the Register? Or because Shrovetide
was a more propitious date? Why else? Although, the above, Feb 4th entry
stated that the ceremony was performed by Fr Meehan.
18. Not only because they are my ancestors, but also because their extended-family are so typical of West Clare, where many generations of intermarriage within the parish & neighbourhood meant that everyone was related to everyone else, I will digress here to explain a wee bit about the Rahona East situation with these Ginnanes:
From “Old Daniel Ginnane”, who probably also had a son Daniel Ginnane, - from ‘before 1765’, - until old bachelor farmer Michael Ginnane died in 1969, there were always two separate Ginnane families of ‘distant cousins’ living either at two ends of the same dry-stone & thatched house, or else in very close proximity to each other, with a shared boreen / driveway. Perhaps there were several generations of each family living together simultaneously, - the elder widow or widower, and their eldest son who inherited (with his wife and up to 10 children), plus perhaps some unmarried older siblings? Although no one has yet proved any exact relationship between them. A future DNA comparison between us descendants would do that.
They are said to have considered themselves as ‘cousins’,
and logically, presuming a shared inheritance between 2 brothers at some
early stage of history, that would have to be true to some degree. It
is a pity that someone from one end of that house didn’t marry someone
from the other end, because if they had, this Carrigaholt Parish Registry
would have recorded the ‘consanguinitatis’ cousin relationship
as part of a Latin Marriage Dispensation detail.
1842 Survey Maps [link to Rahona East townland in maps] on www.clarelibrary.ie
are so detailed as to individual paddock size & layout, that it is
possible now, with the help of GoogleEarth satellite survey mapping, to
prove that Patrick owned the 24 acre ‘half’ west of their
long ‘boreen’ or farm entrance driveway. Since bachelor Michael
Ginnane died in 1969, one of Old John & Thomas’ descendants,
Tony Ginnane, has farmed both sides of the boreen, and also expanded the
farm to the south & east by adding 35 acres or so from ‘Burton’s
swamp. After the Cromwellian & Williamite confiscations, Burton’s
ancestor had bought off a Dutch mercenary, a 1/3rd share of Moyarta Barony
around the year 1700, which included Carrigaholt Castle & village.
McDonnell & Westby had the other 2/3rds, centred northeast & west
of Carrigaholt Village or Rinemackaderrig, respectively.
The present paddock hedges in 2011 are near to exactly the same layout as they were when the maps were drawn in 1842. The only difference is that, with the advent of Tony’s tractor, the smaller paddocks have been amalgamated into larger ones, with the major outside fence-hedges remaining the same. The ‘ringforts’ or ‘faery circle - killeens’ are still there on our farms from many hundreds of years ago, and they were also carefully marked on those 1842 maps, along with all buildings, driveways, wells, ruins, points of interest, etc. Old bachelor, Rahona East farmer Michael Ginnane(18xx-1969) was a 1st cousin to my NZ-born, paternal grandfather, Michael Edgar Clement Ginnane(1888-August1955). MEC Ginnane’s father was ‘NZ John’ Ginnane (c.1852-1931) who left Rahona East for The Clyde, Glasgow and onto New Zealand on the clipper ship ‘Rakaia’ in late 1877, when he was aged about 25 years.
Rahona East bachelor farmer Michael’s parents were Edmond (Ned) Ginnane (1859-1941) & Honor McMahon from Carrigaholt Village. Michael was the last locally-resident member of ‘my’side of the Ginnane-surname family, - although some of the female Ginnane-descendant lines probably still continue to live around Carrigaholt.
Apart from 2 children who died young, and Daniel, who was one of bachelor farmer Michael Ginnane’s brothers, -- [ that Shanghai Police Chief bachelor Dan Ginnane(188x-1943) also died on the Rahona farm ], -- the other 6 surviving Ginnane siblings emigrated to the USA : Mary married a Foley; Margaret married a Ryan; 2 boys died c.1918-9; 2 other boys left descendants.
‘NZ John’ & Rahona Ned’s parents were Patrick Ginnane (1809-1878), who around 1851 married his Rahona East neighbour, Mary Murray (1819-Dec1878).
Mary’s father was Conor Murray, not Patrick Murray. Those two families of ‘Murry cousins’ also shared a Rahona East house back in those mid-19th Century days. The age gaps between the generations of these two families of ‘distant Ginnane cousins’ has widened over the years, and relationships from long-ago can now only be estimated.
However, the best I can guess at the moment is that in
the February 8th 1853 marriage above, this is probably the baby ‘NZ
John’ Ginnane’s “Great-Uncle John-from-next-door”
acting as a witness to his daughter, Mary Ginnane. And so it is likely
to be baby ‘NZ John’ Ginnane’s “aunt-cousin”
Mary Ginnane from next door getting married?
Another possibility is that the bride Mary Ginnane was
‘my’ Patrick’s sister.
As a generation comparison, another Daniel Ginnane was
born at Rahona in 1823 and he emigrated via Quebec to Crittenden, Upper
NY State, USA around the early Famine era of 1848. This Daniel is thought
by one of his great-grandson decendants, now spelled as Daniel Gannon,
of Charleston, SC to be a brother of an ancestor of Eamon Ginnane senior,
who was the father of: Carrigaholt Postmistress Mary, Rahona East farmer
Tony, Thomas in NY, Eamon in Eire & Theresa of Hazlet, NJ.
So, the Mary Ginnane who married Daniel McCarthy on Feb
8th 1853 is more likely to be a sister of this Daniel’s younger
generation than that of my great-great-grandfather, Patrick(1809-1878).
The implication being that this Feb 8th 1853 bride Mary Ginnane is therefore
more likely to be a relation of an ancestor of Postmistress Mary than
of me. And therefore, her Wedding Witness, the oldest John, also referred
to as a Tithe payer in 1823, is not in my direct line of ancestors, but
is one of the Ginnanes from the “other end” of the old stone
& thatched house at Rahona East.
Just to write it down again, IF Patrick Ginnane(1809-1878) and ‘Old John’ the 1823 Tithe-payer at the other end of the house were brothers, and it seems that they were NOT according to Ned Ryan in Houston, TX who was born on our Rahona farm, as was his mother Margaret Ginnane who married Ryan, the local Garda in the 1920s, then I and one of Old John’s great-great-grandsons would be 4th cousins, and both of us would have been born around 1950. Our children would be 5th cousins to each other.
That scenario implies that the legendary Daniel Ginnane
who was born at Rahona around 1765 (?) was the father of both Patrick
(1809-1878) and of ‘Old John’ Ginnane who was both the 1823-7(?)
Tithe Payer and the Wedding Witness for his daughter Mary on Feb 8th 1853.
But if Ned Ryan was right, then not only was my Patrick
(1809-1878)’s father, the legendary Daniel Ginnane [born at Rahona
c.1765(?)] NOT “Old John Ginnane-from-next-door’s” father,
but also not even his uncle or great-uncle, then that would make, for
instance, Dan Gannon in Charleston & I, greater than 6th cousins.
Meanwhile, ‘A-JOHN’ had a son ‘B-John
Ginnane’, born c.1780, who paid tithes in 1823-7 and was the Wedding
Witness for Mary Ginnane on Feb 8th 1853.
19. Note Pat’s brother, James Magner, marrying Honor’s sister, Margaret Healy, in 3 Lenten Shrovetide periods, on January 31st 1856 ? And note Honor’s brother, Michael Healy, or is it her cousin (?), getting married tomorrow?
21. No dispensation written here for this couple with the same surname from the same townland to marry, either. Although, I have a note from next ShroveTide Marriage Season for two other Keatings:-- “Feb 7th 1854 Keating is for 3rd & 3rd degree”, so they were 2nd Cousins.
22. And note Michael’s sister or cousin (?) Honour Healy getting married to Pat Magner yesterday. And Pat’s brother, James Magner, marrying Honor’s sister, Margaret Healy, in 3 Lenten Shrovetide periods’ time, on January 31st 1856.
23. There were several Catherine Enrights; married to John Fitzgerald, for instance. While not a bridesmaid, this witness Mary Murray is not likely to be NZ John Ginnane’s mother (1819-Dec1878) ?; because, she was NOT a “Murray Pat”, but a “MURRAY CON”; and she would have been married by now to Patrick Ginnane(1809-1878), and have had their 1st born, John, in the last 2 - 3 years. So this “Pat Murray” must be her neighbouring nephew? or even brother.
25. “1854” Michael KENNEY
Oct 6th C.C. See Kenney above also = new priest, he has again signed next
to the new 1854 year heading, & he seemed to re-arrange the book?
& fill in gaps??
Column Headings repeated: Date Married Residences Witnesses ‘By Whom’ = priest.
26. “Consanguinity Dispensation
3rd & 3rd degree” for these 2nd cousins to marry.
27. Note was this witness Mary also married later today? Clarefield is east of Querrin, and was also known as Gortnaclare?; northwest of Commogue on the Poulnasherry west shore. Commogue was known as Cumoag or Gortaclare in a chart of 1775.
28. Knocknagarhoon is where the radio-navigation aerials are on a hill on the Atlantic cliffs, west of Cross. There was about now, also a Morgan Green married earlier (?) to a Margaret (Peg) Ginnane. Were there two cousins, both Morgan Green? Morgan & Peg’s 1st child was baptised 1855? There is buried at Kilballyowen / west Cross, an older Morgan Green (c.1774 – March 2nd 1838) from Kilbaha, perhaps a paternal grandfather of both Morgan Jnr’s?
29. See JAMES DONELLAN below? A pensioner in these days could only be a retired soldier or policeman, etc?. Interesting to try & link this wife, if it is Mary Donellan / Donnellan, as a later widow, remarried to Sinon Shaughnessy, as/to the mother baptising another Sinon(?) Shaughnessy 23 years later on Jan 8th 1877?
30. There are many “Mary Blake”
brides in these Registers: married to Lynch, Gorman, Edd Brown, McNamara,
Hanrahan, etc as well as this “Geaney”. This man’s surname
proved difficult to transcribe : possibly Garvy, Garvey, Geary, Geany,
NOVEMBER 6th 1867 MARY GEANEY / Geany
/ as Gainy from Trusclieve
The wife was née MARY BLAKE. The husband was THOMAS
G????? from TRUSCLIEVE.
31. This is another Mary Murray from Rahona : around 1851 my great-great-grandmother Mary Murray (1819 - December1878) married her neighbour Patrick Ginnane(1809-1878). As mentioned above for the two Ginnane families, the Patrick Murrays & the Conor Murrays shared a house at Rahona East. Both pairs of families tended to name their children the same. So as ‘my’ Mary Murray’s father Conor, this Mary must have been Patrick’s daughter? In which case, who is the Wedding Witness John? Her brother, perhaps? Or was there a third Murray family at Rahona?
33. On this one day, in the Pre-Lenten rush of 12 marriages, 3 out of 4 consecutive marriages were between ‘cousins’. Feb 20th was this Shrove Tuesday 1855. The marriages were not supposed to be consummated during the following 40 day Lent period, while the bride got used to the groom, or else the marriage could be annulled by the Pope as unconsummated.
34. 2nd Diocesan Synod in Killaloe,
May 21st 1855 stated:
35. The first marriage to be solemnised
in Carrigaholt Church was none other than my Rahona East great-great-grandmother
[Patrick Ginnane (1809-1878)’s wife ] Mary Murray Ginnane(1819 -
Dec1878)’s uncle or cousins-next-door(?) as Witnesses? Although
there were several Mary Murrays, including two at Rahona East.
More comments on the marriage register from Paddy Waldron
39. A Winifred McMahon was married to a Michael Conway, & they baptised their John Conway on August 27th 1854. Winifred & Michael Conway then don’t appear again. Perhaps Michael died & this is Winifred under her 1st married name, re-marryied? Checked for future Haugh children – couldn’t see any.
40. Their 1st child was Martin, baptised on October 14th 1856. They don’t seem to have baptised any further children in these Carrigaholt district Registers? Although a (different?) Catherine Fitzgerald was sponsor several times.
Copied to here from the Baptisms to look for this mystery
APRIL 26th 1854 WINNY GORMAN from Fodra
Possibly these sponsors later married each other on Feb
43. Copied to here from Baptism Register,
their 1st & 2nd born, as a crosscheck:
JULY 2nd ? 1859 MARY HOURIGAN from REHY
44. The following seems to be another example of the “desirable” arrangement, whereby a brother-sister marries a sister-brother combination. This avoided paying dowries & certain inheritance squabbles.
46. In the April 1st 1901 Census, there was just one, a 35-yr old Ellen McNara (so born c.1866) who was married, but ‘Head-Of-Family’and living as an illiterate servant, in Borheen, DED Urban#1, Ennis with 35-yr old, Mary White & her family as tenants. So this need not be a miss-spelled McNamara?
48. Owen Lloyd was a Welshman. Owen
Lloyd & Ellen Sweeney acted as Sponsors for a Martha Wilmott from
Kilcredane Coastguard on July 7th 1859. So Ellen was still using her alias,
or maiden name for ecclesiastical purposes, 16 months later?
This is a copy of the parents’ real marriage :--
JANUARY 12th 1856 JAMES MOLONY from
50. Sibling set of their children:
MARCH 2nd 1877 JEREMIAH CAHILL from
? looks like Gawlien or Sawlien Gaivlien
DECEMBER 14th 1859 THOMAS Balfrey ?
52. There were several Bridget Guinnane
/ Ginnane ’s, married to Gorman, Greene, Keane, Patrick McMahon,
etc. Michael & Bridget Hedderman had children, incl.
SEPTEMBER 3rd 1860 Possibly DAVID (not
Daniel?) Hedderman from RAHONA
54. Only 8.5 months later, in the Baptism
Register for May 27th 1864, “John Long ? & Hannah Quade”
had a daughter Mary at Carrigaholt. Patrick Quaid was a sponsor.
55. “Papa Dispensanta in 1st et/&
2nd degree obtenta consanguinitatis”
56. This must be an older Edmond / Ned Ginnane & Honor from Rahona : the later Ned Ginnane(1859-1941) was the 3rd son of Patrick (a.k.a. John?) Ginnane & Mary Murray, after NZ John & Daniel (1854-5 RIP at 19 in 1873-4?) & later Ned married Honor McMAHON.
57. The bar owner at Kilbaha in 1867
was Susan Haeir a.k.a. Pilkington.
“TIPPERARY — Profession of a Nun — On Saturday February 11th 1901, in the Presentation Convent, Cashel, took place the solemn profession of vows of Nora (in religion, Sister Mary Antony), the third daughter of Mr Martin Haire [= Hehir / Haier,] of Kilbaha, County Clare, in presence of her parents and a large circle of friends. The sacred ceremony was performed by the Very Rev. Dean Kinane, in the unavoidable absence of his Grace the Archbishop.”
Nora was probably born after March 17th 1878. Only her
older siblings, including Margaret, are in the associated Carrigaholt
DECEMBER 10th 1872 BRIDGET KEANE from
61. Snee is a surname near Kilkelly, Co.Mayo. ‘Soldier’ may have been based at the Napoleonic-era, artillery forts at Doonaha or Kilcredane or Scattery Island. Or else at a barracks in Carrigaholt? Somehow he met Cath from Tullig, which is on the Atlantic Cliffs west of Carrigaholt. Harkins or Hopkins sounds like a foreign, ‘English’ surname, too.
62. The following “1st cousin, once-removed”, marriage has been well crossed out here but was repeated as the next entry, but 6 weeks later:--- JULY 28th 1870, exactly as before. Almost certainly, when the parish priest realised that this was a ‘1st cousin, once removed’ marriage proposal, he would have known he didn’t have the level of seniority to authorise it. So the delay would have been while the Dispensation was forwarded up the Catholic Church hierarchy to either the Bishop of Killaloe, or the Archbishop in Dublin. Not to the Pope in the Vatican, though?
63. There seems to be a page or two
missing here? Or, perhaps they’re just waiting for ShroveTide again?
What happened is that the next 3 entries were accidentally written by
Fr D Smyth in the ‘Baptism Section’, at the other end of this
physical book. The layout was different to the usual, so some doubt exists
as to the exact couples & witnesses here.
64. Bridget Guinane from nearby, at
Lisheen Furroor, according to the
1851 Census Search for her Pension Application in 1916. So she was
born c.1845-6. Several Bridget Ginnane / Bridget Guinnanes existed in
the area at the same time. They married Hedderman, etc. This BRIDGET GUINANE
applied successfully for the >70? years, old age pension in August
1916. She was found in a search of the since-destroyed, April 1851 CENSUS
papers, along with some of her siblings:
According to the Pension Search, Bridget’s mother
was née BRIDGET GORMAN, who probably married DENIS GUINANE / Ginnane
quite a few years before 1845, because their 5 children were found in
the April 1851 Census, after the famine years.
Copied to here from Baptismal register for a Christian name crosscheck
DECEMBER 28th 1871 PAT KEAN from ROSS
[also as Patrick Keane ?]
68. Copied to here from Baptisms, 13
months later – baptised on
69. So they were 2nd cousins who married.
They had a common great-grandparent.
70. In this marriage book also see the
cryptic note only a year later? – or is it a ‘Pindar’
brother married to a ‘Crotty’ sister ? No Christian names
are given! “Married in the Catholic Church at Kilkee by Revd Michael
Meehan as M. M.”
71. Affinity is a relationship to the
new wife/husband, through the (previously deceased?) wife/husband’s
relations. So does this mean that Michael Curtin is marrying his late
wife’s 1st cousin? Not related by blood, which requires a ‘consanguinity
73. Once again, there seemed to be missing pages here? A whole year missing! The ‘A.D. 1873’ at the top of Page295 is not a mistake? And, there is a water stain on both pages which matches at the binding. So there are no missing pages, just a year without Marriage entries at Carrigaholt. The Baptism Register continued on as normal at the other end of this physical book.
74. This entry also seems to appear
below (10 days later), but smudged out, and with changes. N.B. Noctin/Nocten/Norton?
was a phonetic spelling of Naughten, Naughton, etc, so that ties in. Perhaps
Margaret McMahon was née Hickey, or vice-versa?
75. The following ‘2nd cousin, once-removed’ dispensation to marry is written between these two entries, and most likely refers to the Martin Fennell=Winifred O’Gorman marriage below, and not the John Houlihan=Margaret Fennell one above. Although the Martin Fennell=Winifred O’Gorman marriage, when repeated below, did not have the Dispensation re-written :--
76. I wonder if this couple emigrated
to the USA? Where does this Patrick fit in the Ginnane family tree? Or
is this Thomas, the widower, retired grocer, living in Carrigaholt with
a teenaged daughter in the 1901 CENSUS ? 1911 ? Who was that daughter?
MARCH 26th ? 1859 MARY RUSSELL from
Although a Mary Russell was also sponsor for at least 2 other Tullig baptisms recently: Austin on Sep 8th 1871 & Holland on Mar 13th 1874; because of her young age, perhaps there were 2 Mary Russell’s from Tullig?