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Donated Material: Births/Baptisms, Marriages, Deaths

Carrigaholt RC Parish Marriage Records, 1852-1878:
Transcriber’s Notes

1. Introductory Text
This Carrigaholt Marriage Registry is in the same physical book, but is inverted and starts at the “other end”, of the Baptism Registry Book. Baptism entries started over a year later, on February 8th 1853. Both sets of entries work towards the middle of the same physical book, and both cease on St Patrick’s Day, March 17th 1878. Occasionally the Baptism or Marriage entries are entered in the wrong end of the book. I have resolved that herein, with suitable notation.

There seems at this stage, March of A.D.2011, to be no earlier Roman Catholic Registries. There may be a shorter, later Marriage Register book for a reduced Carrigaholt Parish (up to c.1880?), as well as the Irish National Civil Birth, Marriage & Death Register Indexes from January 1st 1864.

After the Revd Fr Michael Meehan, P.P. died at his sister’s in Limerick City, on January 24th 1878, he was buried out west, under the floor of the ‘Star of the Sea’ Church at Moneen, and that Parish of Cross / Kilballyowen was separated again from Carrigaholt.
Later still, other separations and amalgamations of parishes occurred here in West County Clare, and other local churches retained their own Parish Records. Refer

This physical book was likely a Central Register for the whole Moyarta Barony. It was kept at St Mary’s Church (built 1833), Church Street, Carrigaholt. As other churches were built and used at Doonaha, Cross, Moneen (Kilbaha/Kilballyowen) etc their register entries were probably written on scraps of paper and later transferred to this central book. This would explain how the date order became mixed up - how some of the transcription errors were introduced - and how, perhaps 30% of entries were missed out altogether?

I have ‘standardised’ some spellings to a modern, consistent version to enable WordSearch of this file, but I have tried to also retain a reference to the original spelling where applicable.

It is important to know that in this 19th Century Roman Catholic Ireland, a strong tradition had built up that the church Sacrament of Marriage should best be performed just before ‘Lent’, which is the moveable, 40-day period of penance, fasting & abstinence leading up to Easter Sunday. Lent opens with ‘Ash Wednesday’, which is preceded by ‘Shrove Tuesday’, also known throughout the Christian & Eastern Orthodox worlds as ‘Pancake, Blini or Shrove Tuesday’, or Mardi Gras. In Russia, there is still observed a ‘bleenee week’, where on 7 sequential days, the cupboards are emptied of all luxury foods in a set pattern of blini / pancake spreads, in preparation for the fasting period of 40 days of penance and abstinence. That is the main reason why you will notice that most (>90% ?) of these marriages are in a ‘season’ based around February, which was usually about 40 days before the Full Moon at Easter. It is even possible that this Register was deliberately not completed for some marriages outside that Shrovetide (Refer to the ‘gaps’ in the 1860s). = Ecclesiastical Calendar.
This will show the end of Shrovetide, = Pancake Tuesday / Mardi Gras, the Ash Wednesday-Eve, pre-Lenten Marriage Season.

This older end of the book opens with a calligraphic Frontispiece : at the other, Baptism, end of the book is a Receipt #1728 from Hely’s Ltd for 4 shillings & 2 pence from January 5th 1852 to Fr Michael Meehan of Carrigaholt. Hely’s is still a Stationers in Dublin. The handwriting throughout would have been done with “dip & scratch” capillary ink pen nibs, where a fresh ‘dip’ in an ink-well was necessary every word or so.
Especially as quality of inks varied, this resulted in places where it is now impossible to transcribe any details at all of perhaps 5% of the words.

Rev. Michael Meehan, P.P. ; as Ml for Michael.
Rev. Fr Laurence Hannon [*or Hannan?]
Rev. Fr Michael {J. or I. ?} Kenny; or as Ml for Michael.

*This Fr Laurence Hannon, (or Hannan?), is likely to have also been the Curate and Assistant Manager at Lack School, southwest from Ennis, Co. Clare from 1840-1849.

Later in this Registry there were other priests at Carrigaholt, such as:---
Rev P. Shannon; Revd Thomas McMahon, C.C. ; Rev. Michael MOLONEY ; and several others, including :--
Revd Fr Patrick Meehan, who was a younger half-brother to Fr Michael Meehan.
Patrick was raised in a very literate, extended-family of Meehans at Ardsollus/Quin, near the railway line, a few miles southeast of Ennis towards Limerick City, but Michael was mostly raised by an aunt in Moneen (north of Kilbaha), which is west of Carrigaholt & Cross.
Michael Meehan was P.P., or Parish Priest, of the combined Carrigaholt & Kilballyowen parishes, from 1849 to January 24th 1878 after the previous incumbent died of the new strain of Asian cholera which took advantage of the residents already weakened by the Great Famine, in 1849.

In case anyone looks at the original book, or photos, photocopies or microfilm of it, you will see here on this front page, one of the typical, scribbled mathematical subtraction sums, “1930 – 1852 = 78”. These sums appear all through the Registries, as priests & parish clerks later worked out a person’s age, perhaps when they died or married. Sometimes it is possible to work out who the sum refers to, and this can confirm, or provide extra, information.

1st Marriage Entry : (MasterPage362) was written upside down at the bottom of this ‘last’ page when the Mormon LDS Church microfilmed this book for the National Library in Dublin in the mid-1960s. Because they started with writing #1 at the top of the 1st page at the Baptism end, ALL these Marriage pages are now numbered in reverse; and all these page numbers are written upside down, and at the bottom of these pages.

2. Co. Kerry is visible just south across the River Shannon Estuary from west Co. Clare.
In the Townland of Rahona East, the Hassetts, Murrays (2), Heddermans & Ginnanes (2) were close neighbours and relations to each other. Although there were several ‘Mary Murray’s’ at Rahona East around these times, it is interesting to speculate whether this was the Mary Murray who was a daughter of Conor Murray, and who was the Mary Murray (1819-Dec1878) who married her neighbour, Patrick Ginnane (1808-1878). Their marriage was about now, +/- 1 year, but it is not in this Register. Their first born was John Ginnane who emigrated to Lyttelton, New Zealand on the full-rigged clipper ship ‘Rakaia’ in late 1877. John Ginnane’s Christening is also not in the associated Carrigaholt Baptism Register which began on February 8th 1853, but I estimate that John was born about 1851-3. John is the great-grandfather of the writer / transcriber, me, Murray Michael Ginnane. John had 4 sons in NZ : James John, Michael Edgar Clement, Edward(Ted) & David Paul Ginnane. Those 4 had a total of 7 children and 15 grandchildren, and all the Ginnanes in NZ are related to John, whose mother was Mary Murray of the Conor Murray line.

3. I think the surname is GUNN ? On there is a landholder named George Gunn c.1870s in Co. Limerick. There was also a local George Gunn in 1823 in the Townland of ‘Furruir = Furroor’ who was assessed to pay a tithe tax to support the Anglican, Established Church of Ireland : refer Tithe Applotments List on the Clare County Library website

4. What has happened is that a new priest, Fr Michael (J?) Kenny C.C. has written this entry in again much later, but on the page for the wrong year? That is, going by the handwriting changes.

5. The modern version of this local surname is spelled Fennell.

6. This couple seems to have not baptised children near to Carrigaholt, although another Hastings-O’Rourke couple did.

7. This is the 1st marriage with a dispensation, = 4th degree & 4th degree cousin-relationship. Probably it was delayed from before Lent because of the wait for permission. For closer and closer ‘cousin’ relationships, higher amounts of money had to be paid to the Church for dispensation / permission to marry, and permission from higher authority was sought. 3rd cousins could be allowed to marry by the parish priest, while 2nd cousins or multiple-related parties could be allowed to marry by the Bishop of Killaloe. For 1st cousins, or for a widower to marry his late wife’s sister, for instance, the Pope in the Vatican had to approve of it. There are two of these in this Register, from the ‘Papa’ in The Vatican in Rome.

Relationship by affinity came through re-marrying a member of one’s late spouse’s family. Consanguinity, or blood relationship, was to one’s own cousins, etc.
Example: Consanguinity Dispensation 3rd & 3rd degree for 2nd cousins to marry.
In Canon Law, the ‘degree of relationship’ is the number of generational steps to the common ancestor, from husband first, & then from his wife. So, from the groom to his father to his grandfather to his greatgrandfather = 3 and the equivalent from the bride, in this case.

8. The ‘Artillery’ would be stationed at one of the 1802-era stone Napoleonic forts at either Kilcredane Cliff or Doonaha beach or Scattery Island. A Royal Artillery man, Joseph Digan was severely wounded in The Crimean War against Russia in 1855? Could be the same man?

From :
DAGAN, Joseph Wife: Mary ENRIGHT
Marriage Date: 6 Jan 1852 Recorded in: Kilfiera, Clare, Ireland. [Kilfearagh]
Collection: Civil Registration
Husband's Father: John DAGAN
Wife's Father: Denis ENRIGHT
Source: FHL FamilyHistoryLibrary LDS Film 101337 Dates: 1852.

9. Stationed at Kilcredane, Kilbaha or Doonaha?

10. Are these two Witnesses professional matchmakers? See Jan 30th 1853 below for further appearances.

11. I can’t see any Mary Kelly as a mother, married to a Gorman or Ginnane, baptising children. And vice-versa for Pat Gorman, Gunn, Green. Did they emigrate? Have no children? Or did one partner die & the other re-marry, perhaps? There were other individuals with these names, but not as a couple.

12. Double reverse marriage of sister-brother & brother-sister? : same surnames, same Witnesses. This situation was desirable for both families to avoid a ‘dowry’ situation. It happens quite often in this Registry.

13. This entry was repeated at the top of the next page, above Pat’s marriage details, but as if performed by Fr L Hannan on Shrovetide Tuesday, Feb 8th.
This townland was often spelled Donaha. Gaelic is Dún Athá.

14. This couple later baptised many children near Carrigaholt.

15. As a Ditto, FEB 7th 1853 = Yes, over a year since the first entry of these details, -- Look at the front of this Register Book, on JAN 28th 1852, for the same name, Conor Murray being married to Mary Fennell? What has happened is that a new priest, Fr M J Kenny, C.C. has written this in again, at the bottom of the page, and under the wrong year? That is, going by the handwriting changes?
I could speculate that someone connected to this 1852 Murray-Fennell marriage was able to later look in the Register (but under the wrong year), and think that their entry had been missed out, and so in the Shrovetide rush, the new Fr Michael Kenny was convinced to write their details in again, but as a Ditto for Feb 7th 1853?

16. This was a new priest in October 1853?, writing his name on previous pages as M J Kenny C.C. ?

Page headed “1853-4,” (with a big stain covering the top right corner).
Column headings : “Date”, “Married”, “Residence”, Witnesses”, & (Priest?-obscured).

The February 4th 1853 entry from the previous page is repeated here, but with a date of the 8th, perhaps so that two Walsh brothers, James & Pat, could be adjacent in the Register? Or because Shrovetide was a more propitious date? Why else? Although, the above, Feb 4th entry stated that the ceremony was performed by Fr Meehan.

17. This bride & groom are both named Walsh, but there is no ‘Cousin-Dispensation’.
Presumably Catherine is the mother of Margaret; and Edmond (Ned) the father of Patrick & James from Doonaha? Perhaps the previous entry was brought forward again, to be next to his brother? The ‘ShroveTide’, pre-Lenten annual rush for the Irish to marry often caused confusion in these Registers.

18. Not only because they are my ancestors, but also because their extended-family are so typical of West Clare, where many generations of intermarriage within the parish & neighbourhood meant that everyone was related to everyone else, I will digress here to explain a wee bit about the Rahona East situation with these Ginnanes:

From “Old Daniel Ginnane”, who probably also had a son Daniel Ginnane, - from ‘before 1765’, - until old bachelor farmer Michael Ginnane died in 1969, there were always two separate Ginnane families of ‘distant cousins’ living either at two ends of the same dry-stone & thatched house, or else in very close proximity to each other, with a shared boreen / driveway. Perhaps there were several generations of each family living together simultaneously, - the elder widow or widower, and their eldest son who inherited (with his wife and up to 10 children), plus perhaps some unmarried older siblings? Although no one has yet proved any exact relationship between them. A future DNA comparison between us descendants would do that.

They are said to have considered themselves as ‘cousins’, and logically, presuming a shared inheritance between 2 brothers at some early stage of history, that would have to be true to some degree. It is a pity that someone from one end of that house didn’t marry someone from the other end, because if they had, this Carrigaholt Parish Registry would have recorded the ‘consanguinitatis’ cousin relationship as part of a Latin Marriage Dispensation detail.

These 2 Ginnane families are recorded in Griffiths Valuations of 1855 as being taxed for separate ‘house & land’ farms: my great-great-grandfather Patrick (1809-1878) had 24 acres & a house worth 10 shillings = $1; and his ‘distant-cousin-next-door’ Thomas / John Ginnane had 16 acres, with a house the same. They would be quite well-off.

The 1842 Survey Maps [link to Rahona East townland in maps] on are so detailed as to individual paddock size & layout, that it is possible now, with the help of GoogleEarth satellite survey mapping, to prove that Patrick owned the 24 acre ‘half’ west of their long ‘boreen’ or farm entrance driveway. Since bachelor Michael Ginnane died in 1969, one of Old John & Thomas’ descendants, Tony Ginnane, has farmed both sides of the boreen, and also expanded the farm to the south & east by adding 35 acres or so from ‘Burton’s swamp. After the Cromwellian & Williamite confiscations, Burton’s ancestor had bought off a Dutch mercenary, a 1/3rd share of Moyarta Barony around the year 1700, which included Carrigaholt Castle & village. McDonnell & Westby had the other 2/3rds, centred northeast & west of Carrigaholt Village or Rinemackaderrig, respectively.

Tony’s elder spinster sister Mary Ginnane still lives [in 2011] in a converted tavern, “The Burton Arms”, opposite & down the hill from the St Mary’s Carrigaholt Church of 1833 where these Registers were written & kept. Mary was the postmistress of Carrigaholt for her whole life, until she retired in February 2007 when aged in her 70s. Tony & Mary’s youngest sibling, Theresa (who married Tom Hickey and raised a family in Hazlet, NJ), c.2002 they built a new ‘retirement’ home on the righthand side of the boreen, next to Tony Ginnane’s on the left side. The old original stone house has now mostly just the base remaining, between the 2 newer houses. Although a roofless, original dry-stone farm building from the same 1700s era still exists about 50 metres northwest of Theresa’s new pale-lemon home. Tony’s wife Janet died in 2003 without them being blessed with children. Mary, Tony & Theresa have 2 other brothers: Eamon in Eire & Thomas in Queens, NY. Both have children.

The present paddock hedges in 2011 are near to exactly the same layout as they were when the maps were drawn in 1842. The only difference is that, with the advent of Tony’s tractor, the smaller paddocks have been amalgamated into larger ones, with the major outside fence-hedges remaining the same. The ‘ringforts’ or ‘faery circle - killeens’ are still there on our farms from many hundreds of years ago, and they were also carefully marked on those 1842 maps, along with all buildings, driveways, wells, ruins, points of interest, etc. Old bachelor, Rahona East farmer Michael Ginnane(18xx-1969) was a 1st cousin to my NZ-born, paternal grandfather, Michael Edgar Clement Ginnane(1888-August1955). MEC Ginnane’s father was ‘NZ John’ Ginnane (c.1852-1931) who left Rahona East for The Clyde, Glasgow and onto New Zealand on the clipper ship ‘Rakaia’ in late 1877, when he was aged about 25 years.

Rahona East bachelor farmer Michael’s parents were Edmond (Ned) Ginnane (1859-1941) & Honor McMahon from Carrigaholt Village. Michael was the last locally-resident member of ‘my’side of the Ginnane-surname family, - although some of the female Ginnane-descendant lines probably still continue to live around Carrigaholt.

Apart from 2 children who died young, and Daniel, who was one of bachelor farmer Michael Ginnane’s brothers, -- [ that Shanghai Police Chief bachelor Dan Ginnane(188x-1943) also died on the Rahona farm ], -- the other 6 surviving Ginnane siblings emigrated to the USA : Mary married a Foley; Margaret married a Ryan; 2 boys died c.1918-9; 2 other boys left descendants.

‘NZ John’ & Rahona Ned’s parents were Patrick Ginnane (1809-1878), who around 1851 married his Rahona East neighbour, Mary Murray (1819-Dec1878).

Mary’s father was Conor Murray, not Patrick Murray. Those two families of ‘Murry cousins’ also shared a Rahona East house back in those mid-19th Century days. The age gaps between the generations of these two families of ‘distant Ginnane cousins’ has widened over the years, and relationships from long-ago can now only be estimated.

However, the best I can guess at the moment is that in the February 8th 1853 marriage above, this is probably the baby ‘NZ John’ Ginnane’s “Great-Uncle John-from-next-door” acting as a witness to his daughter, Mary Ginnane. And so it is likely to be baby ‘NZ John’ Ginnane’s “aunt-cousin” Mary Ginnane from next door getting married?
Witness John Ginnane is probably Mary’s father, and he is most likely / certain to be the older-generation John Ginnane who is mentioned as a land-occupier in the 1823 Tithes & the 1855 Griffith’s Valuations. In that case, this bride Mary would likely be a ‘cousin-from-next-door’ to my great-great-grandfather, Patrick Ginnane (1809-1878).
As Patrick Ginnane (aged c.42) & Mary Murray (aged c.32) were married around 1851, they are likely to be of nearly the same generation as this bride, Mary Ginnane.

Another possibility is that the bride Mary Ginnane was ‘my’ Patrick’s sister.
In that case, Old John the wedding witness was father of both Patrick & Mary.

As a generation comparison, another Daniel Ginnane was born at Rahona in 1823 and he emigrated via Quebec to Crittenden, Upper NY State, USA around the early Famine era of 1848. This Daniel is thought by one of his great-grandson decendants, now spelled as Daniel Gannon, of Charleston, SC to be a brother of an ancestor of Eamon Ginnane senior, who was the father of: Carrigaholt Postmistress Mary, Rahona East farmer Tony, Thomas in NY, Eamon in Eire & Theresa of Hazlet, NJ.
This Eamon Ginnane senior died at Rahona in 1966, and his parents were Thomas Ginnane and a local girl, Catherine Fennell.

So, the Mary Ginnane who married Daniel McCarthy on Feb 8th 1853 is more likely to be a sister of this Daniel’s younger generation than that of my great-great-grandfather, Patrick(1809-1878). The implication being that this Feb 8th 1853 bride Mary Ginnane is therefore more likely to be a relation of an ancestor of Postmistress Mary than of me. And therefore, her Wedding Witness, the oldest John, also referred to as a Tithe payer in 1823, is not in my direct line of ancestors, but is one of the Ginnanes from the “other end” of the old stone & thatched house at Rahona East.

I know that it is all speculation, but it is all we’ve got to go on, until we get an international DNA comparison organised. This proposed DNA analysis would have to be able to determine the difference between, say, 5th and 6th and 7th cousins on the paternal lines. I’d estimate that that is the likely order of relationship between myself and, say, Dan Gannon in Charleston.

Just to write it down again, IF Patrick Ginnane(1809-1878) and ‘Old John’ the 1823 Tithe-payer at the other end of the house were brothers, and it seems that they were NOT according to Ned Ryan in Houston, TX who was born on our Rahona farm, as was his mother Margaret Ginnane who married Ryan, the local Garda in the 1920s, then I and one of Old John’s great-great-grandsons would be 4th cousins, and both of us would have been born around 1950. Our children would be 5th cousins to each other.

That scenario implies that the legendary Daniel Ginnane who was born at Rahona around 1765 (?) was the father of both Patrick (1809-1878) and of ‘Old John’ Ginnane who was both the 1823-7(?) Tithe Payer and the Wedding Witness for his daughter Mary on Feb 8th 1853.
And this would imply that the ‘Crittenden, NY Daniel Ginnane’ who was born in 1823 was also a younger brother to those two, so he did not inherit a share of the farm, but emigrated in 1848 via Quebec to Upper NY instead. So Dan Gannon & I would also be 4th cousins, with a common great-great-great-grandfather in the legendary Daniel, born @ Rahona c.1765.

But if Ned Ryan was right, then not only was my Patrick (1809-1878)’s father, the legendary Daniel Ginnane [born at Rahona c.1765(?)] NOT “Old John Ginnane-from-next-door’s” father, but also not even his uncle or great-uncle, then that would make, for instance, Dan Gannon in Charleston & I, greater than 6th cousins.
With a common ancestor, who I’ll call “CONAN Ginnane”, who had 2 sons who shared (24:16) a 40 acre inheritance from ‘Conan’ at Rahona East.
“Conan’s” two sons would have been an older-still “A-DANIEL (born c.17xx)” and someone else, who I’ll call A-JOHN.
A-DANIEL had a son, the legendary B-Daniel Ginnane(b.1765), who had a son Patrick in 1809, who married Mary Murray from next-door c.1851.

Meanwhile, ‘A-JOHN’ had a son ‘B-John Ginnane’, born c.1780, who paid tithes in 1823-7 and was the Wedding Witness for Mary Ginnane on Feb 8th 1853.
So, with that CONAN as a closest common ancestor, and with those generational spacings, Dan Gannon & I would be 6th cousins.
And if the generations grew apart, as they certainly did, then any DNA analysis would also have to take into account the resultant “5th cousin-once-removed” –type situations.

19. Note Pat’s brother, James Magner, marrying Honor’s sister, Margaret Healy, in 3 Lenten Shrovetide periods, on January 31st 1856 ? And note Honor’s brother, Michael Healy, or is it her cousin (?), getting married tomorrow?

20. No dispensation written here for this couple with the same surname to marry.

21. No dispensation written here for this couple with the same surname from the same townland to marry, either. Although, I have a note from next ShroveTide Marriage Season for two other Keatings:-- “Feb 7th 1854 Keating is for 3rd & 3rd degree”, so they were 2nd Cousins.

22. And note Michael’s sister or cousin (?) Honour Healy getting married to Pat Magner yesterday. And Pat’s brother, James Magner, marrying Honor’s sister, Margaret Healy, in 3 Lenten Shrovetide periods’ time, on January 31st 1856.

23. There were several Catherine Enrights; married to John Fitzgerald, for instance. While not a bridesmaid, this witness Mary Murray is not likely to be NZ John Ginnane’s mother (1819-Dec1878) ?; because, she was NOT a “Murray Pat”, but a “MURRAY CON”; and she would have been married by now to Patrick Ginnane(1809-1878), and have had their 1st born, John, in the last 2 - 3 years. So this “Pat Murray” must be her neighbouring nephew? or even brother.

24. The ‘Artillery’ would be stationed at one of the 1804-era, stone, Napoleonic forts at either Kilcredane Cliff or Doonaha beach (or Scattery Island).

25. “1854” Michael KENNEY Oct 6th C.C. See Kenney above also = new priest, he has again signed next to the new 1854 year heading, & he seemed to re-arrange the book? & fill in gaps??
Big gap in marriage dates between Shrovetides in this book again.
Next to the “1854 ”, Fr Ml J Kenny has counter-signed the heading again, --- & ‘Oct 6th’ again. Perhaps it is the anniversary of his arrival in Carrigaholt-Cross Parish?

Column Headings repeated: Date Married Residences Witnesses ‘By Whom’ = priest.

26. “Consanguinity Dispensation 3rd & 3rd degree” for these 2nd cousins to marry.
Related to the 3rd & 3rd degree; so they were 2nd Cousins. Dispensation noted here.
Last year, there were also two Keatings from Fierd marrying, but no dispensation was mentioned then :--- FEBRUARY 10th 1853 PAT KEATINGE from FIARD
married to HONOUR KEATINGe from FIARD
Rev Meehan

27. Note was this witness Mary also married later today? Clarefield is east of Querrin, and was also known as Gortnaclare?; northwest of Commogue on the Poulnasherry west shore. Commogue was known as Cumoag or Gortaclare in a chart of 1775.

28. Knocknagarhoon is where the radio-navigation aerials are on a hill on the Atlantic cliffs, west of Cross. There was about now, also a Morgan Green married earlier (?) to a Margaret (Peg) Ginnane. Were there two cousins, both Morgan Green? Morgan & Peg’s 1st child was baptised 1855? There is buried at Kilballyowen / west Cross, an older Morgan Green (c.1774 – March 2nd 1838) from Kilbaha, perhaps a paternal grandfather of both Morgan Jnr’s?

29. See JAMES DONELLAN below? A pensioner in these days could only be a retired soldier or policeman, etc?. Interesting to try & link this wife, if it is Mary Donellan / Donnellan, as a later widow, remarried to Sinon Shaughnessy, as/to the mother baptising another Sinon(?) Shaughnessy 23 years later on Jan 8th 1877?

30. There are many “Mary Blake” brides in these Registers: married to Lynch, Gorman, Edd Brown, McNamara, Hanrahan, etc as well as this “Geaney”. This man’s surname proved difficult to transcribe : possibly Garvy, Garvey, Geary, Geany, Gainey, etc.
They baptised at least 4 children in these Registers : copied to here :

NOVEMBER 6th 1867 MARY GEANEY / Geany / as Gainy from Trusclieve
Parents: THOMAS GAINEY [=Geany / Geany / not Guiney ?] & MARY BLAKE
Revd P Meehan
[or is this surname Garvey?]

Parents: THOMAS GUINEA & MARY BLAKE [married name Mary Guinea ]
Sponsor: JOHANA COSTOLOE [standardised= Johanna Costelloe]
Rev L Hannan

See another Mary Guinea married to Thomas Connor, baptising their John on June 12th 1855? And also above as a sponsor : July 6th 1856 : perhaps this very pregnant Mary under her married name? These Connor & Guinea names are linked: see Baptisms on same day Oct 27 1860 below.

NOVEMBER 6th 1867 MARY GEANEY / Geany / as Gainy from Trusclieve
Parents: THOMAS GAINEY [=Geany / Geany / not Guiney ?] & MARY BLAKE
Revd P Meehan

Revd MM ? Also see the next entry, same day, brother & sister ‘Geany’ ?
This surname is also likely to be spelled as GUINEA or Garvey, Geany, Geary, etc.
This is information about a couple and their children, etc :

The wife was née MARY BLAKE. The husband was THOMAS G????? from TRUSCLIEVE.
His surname is difficult to prove :
They married on Feb 15th 1855
Children baptised on :
July 31st 1856 as Margaret GUINEA
Oct 27th 1860 James Geany (see 2nd James?)
Nov 6th 1867 Mary Geaney
July 23rd 1875 James Garvey ? If this is the same family, then the 1st James, baptised Oct 27th 1860 had died before 1875?

See entry below ? This date links the surnames:

D? or T? or ?? THOMAS ?? CONNORS & MARY GEANY see entry above]
Revd M M ?

31. This is another Mary Murray from Rahona : around 1851 my great-great-grandmother Mary Murray (1819 - December1878) married her neighbour Patrick Ginnane(1809-1878). As mentioned above for the two Ginnane families, the Patrick Murrays & the Conor Murrays shared a house at Rahona East. Both pairs of families tended to name their children the same. So as ‘my’ Mary Murray’s father Conor, this Mary must have been Patrick’s daughter? In which case, who is the Wedding Witness John? Her brother, perhaps? Or was there a third Murray family at Rahona?

32. Ellen must be a relation of Randal Borough, Esquire; Gentleman of Querrin?

33. On this one day, in the Pre-Lenten rush of 12 marriages, 3 out of 4 consecutive marriages were between ‘cousins’. Feb 20th was this Shrove Tuesday 1855. The marriages were not supposed to be consummated during the following 40 day Lent period, while the bride got used to the groom, or else the marriage could be annulled by the Pope as unconsummated.

34. 2nd Diocesan Synod in Killaloe, May 21st 1855 stated:
“Marriage to be performed henceforth in the churches”
On the 9th of June [1855] the first marriage - (as registered outside) - was solemnised in the Church of Carrigaholt.

35. The first marriage to be solemnised in Carrigaholt Church was none other than my Rahona East great-great-grandmother [Patrick Ginnane (1809-1878)’s wife ] Mary Murray Ginnane(1819 - Dec1878)’s uncle or cousins-next-door(?) as Witnesses? Although there were several Mary Murrays, including two at Rahona East.
My Mary Murray Ginnane (1819 - Dec1878) was from the Conor Murray line.
Although Patrick Ginnane & Mary Murray had married by now, [1850-1851 approx.], so ‘my’ Mary should not have been called Mary Murray at this stage? Although in West Clare, married women often continued to use their maiden surname, especially for ecclesiastical (Church) purposes, and, if she & her husband were living in his old family home, at least until her mother-in-law had died; this, so that there were not two married women (Mrs) with the same surname in the same house. Does this mean that until now, the marriages could have been, or were, performed at the [brides’?] houses?

More comments on the marriage register from Paddy Waldron :
“There was another Synod of Thurles in 1850 – see :--
This resulted in marriages being henceforth celebrated in churches.
It had absolutely nothing to do with the extension of civil registration to Catholic marriages, which did not come until 1 Jan 1864.” \pw March 4th 2011

36. This is the only Stapleton appearance in this Marriage Register, although in the Baptisms, others also live at Furroor, Tullig, & Anastasia Stapleton at Kilcredaun.

37. Note his brother Patrick Magner marrying Margaret’s sister, Honor Healy earlier, on February 9th 1853.

38. This couple’s daughter, Bridget Carroll, married a Patrick Ginnane, and they are buried at Querrin.

39. A Winifred McMahon was married to a Michael Conway, & they baptised their John Conway on August 27th 1854. Winifred & Michael Conway then don’t appear again. Perhaps Michael died & this is Winifred under her 1st married name, re-marryied? Checked for future Haugh children – couldn’t see any.

40. Their 1st child was Martin, baptised on October 14th 1856. They don’t seem to have baptised any further children in these Carrigaholt district Registers? Although a (different?) Catherine Fitzgerald was sponsor several times.

41. I think this is John Roberts (not John Hennessy?), even though it may be this couple acting as Wedding Witnesses a month later, and Catherine still uses her alias, or maiden name?

Copied to here from the Baptisms to look for this mystery surname :--
married to MARY GRIFFIN from Cross ?
Witnesses: JOHN ROBERTS & CATE O’BRIEN [See their own marriage last month?]
Rev L Hannan
[This is another association between John Robertson / Roberts, O’Brien & Cross.]

SEAN ?? Hennessy [as HENESY] & CATHERINE O’Brien ??
PATT Crow? / Crowe?? & BRIDGET KELLY
Rev L Hannan
JANUARY 22nd 1858 MARIA HENNESSY from QUERRIN, as Querin
Rev M M
APRIL 15th 1860 PATT ROBERTSON from CROSS [possibly Roberts later?]
STEPHEN CONNORS & BIDDY CLAHANE ? [Bridget Clahane?] Revd P Meehan
[copied to here for Clahane from Rehy or Clahan research:-]
Revd L Hannan
BRIDGET CLAHANE [not Calhane or Culhane?]
Revd Patrick WHITE
Revd Pat WHITE
[Earlier, there is a John Robertson-Catherine O’Brien from Cross marriage with children. Could this be them? They were also involved with Clahane, Cahill, etc from Cross.]
JOHN O’BRIEN & KITTY KANE [This could be Catherine Keane or Kate Cahane ?]
Rev. O’Kenny
See the John O’Brien & Cath Keane O’Brien children list of 8 siblings collected below in 1857 ?
!!?? APRIL 30th 1861 ELLEN CORRY from CROSS
Revd T McMahon ?

42. Copied to here from Baptismal Register

APRIL 26th 1854 WINNY GORMAN from Fodra
Parents: DARBY GORMAN & ELLEN FENNELL [as Ellen Finnill = Finnell later? ]
Sponsors: Martin FENNELL & MARY GORMAN
Rev M O’Kenny

Possibly these sponsors later married each other on Feb 7 1857?
In the Baptism Register, there were several fathers named Martin Fennell at this time. They were married to Margaret Costelloe, Bridget Keane, etc.
There were also at least 5 other brides named Mary Gorman.

43. Copied to here from Baptism Register, their 1st & 2nd born, as a crosscheck:

JANUARY 2nd 1858 PATT Hourigan from Rehy, as Reaha
Parents: Matt or Mathew Hourigan & Mary Naughten /Naughton [looks like moctih = Noctin, the local phonetic spelling.]
Fr Patt Meehan


Revd Pat Meehan [as Revd P M]

44. The following seems to be another example of the “desirable” arrangement, whereby a brother-sister marries a sister-brother combination. This avoided paying dowries & certain inheritance squabbles.

45. There was a Mary Guinea (née Mary Blake) married to Thomas Guinea on Feb 15th 1855, living locally at Trusclieve about now.

46. In the April 1st 1901 Census, there was just one, a 35-yr old Ellen McNara (so born c.1866) who was married, but ‘Head-Of-Family’and living as an illiterate servant, in Borheen, DED Urban#1, Ennis with 35-yr old, Mary White & her family as tenants. So this need not be a miss-spelled McNamara?

47. “Dispensatione in 4th degree et 4th degree consanguinitade obtenta” : 3rd cousin blood-relationship between bride & groom. Another one of us Ginnanes, marrying a 3rd cousin!

48. Owen Lloyd was a Welshman. Owen Lloyd & Ellen Sweeney acted as Sponsors for a Martha Wilmott from Kilcredane Coastguard on July 7th 1859. So Ellen was still using her alias, or maiden name for ecclesiastical purposes, 16 months later?
There is a long story elsewhere [Baptism, July 7th 1859] in these Registers about how after an attack on Shrovetide Tuesday, March 5th 1867 at 5pm, Owen Lloyd & Henry Stanford were charged with ‘timorousness’ for failing to act strongly enough against their fellow parishioners when the Kilbaha Coastguard Station (Boatman Officer was John Wilmott) was robbed of their revolver pistol by 5 local Fenians. It was part of a failed national uprising against the English. Wilmott was stabbed thrice, and John ‘McCarthy’ Fennell was shot. Both men recovered, though Fennell was transported to West Australia.

49. This is a mistake in the wrong register:
The columns have all been mixed up & double entered too.

This is a copy of the parents’ real marriage :--

married to MARY FENNELL from ROSS
Rev M Meehan

50. Sibling set of their children:
One of this couple’s children was JEREMIAH, baptised on
March 2nd 1877. MARY HASTINGS was the Sponsor,
Priest was Revd M O’Gorman.
Their place of residence was “Gawleen / Gawlien(?)”. Is this ‘GOLEEN BAY’, off Tullig & Trusclieve on the Atlantic cliffs?

Sponsors: JOHN MANY [=Meany? or Marry?] & MARY Delohery
Revd Michael Meehan ?
This couple married on Feb 24th 1859. Placename later given as from “Gawleen, = Goleen Bay at Tullig/Trusclieve on the Atlantic cliffs?
AUGUST 18th 1861 MICHAEL CAHILL from Gol(eels??) Goleen Bay?
PAT POWER & ELLEN ROCHE ?? or Rortie???
M.M. = Revd Michael Meehan, P.P.
Revd T McMahon
Revd Pat White
MAY 26th 1869 JAMES CAHILL from MOVEEN or MONEEN = also known as Goleen Bay? See below.
as JOHN CAHIL, John Cahill & MARY POWER [= Peg or Margaret Power? ]
M M = Fr Michael Meehan ?
BRIDGET Meany ? Meaney ? Many ?
INM = Mahon ?
D Smyth
MARY MEARA [ also O’Meara ? ]

MARCH 2nd 1877 JEREMIAH CAHILL from ? looks like Gawlien or Sawlien Gaivlien
This place is likely to be Goleen Bay, near Tullig & Trusclieve, on the Atlantic Cliffs.
[Did Jeremiah became Jerry? & Dermot became Derry?]
Revd M O’Gorman

51. There were, and still are, a few James Balfery & James Balfrey surnames, especially in Co. Cork & Limerick. Placenames & Witnesses column entries are swapped over for this entry. They seem to have given this new bride her married surname already? Refer to their 1st child, Thomas, baptised 9 months and 1 day later.

DECEMBER 14th 1859 THOMAS Balfrey ? from RAHANISKEE
Parents: JAMES Balynery ? or Bal??ery BaGnery? & NORRY TALTY
Sponsors : NORRY TALTY & MICHAEL TALTY [as a couple]
Revd P Meehan as P M
or baby = Thomas Balysery ?? from RAHANISKA
or father = JAMES Balysery ?? or Bagsery?

52. There were several Bridget Guinnane / Ginnane ’s, married to Gorman, Greene, Keane, Patrick McMahon, etc. Michael & Bridget Hedderman had children, incl.
SEP 3rd 1860 for their first? : incl. David/Daniel?, Catherine?, & Mary Hedderman of Rahona on 28th of ? 186x. and:

SEPTEMBER 3rd 1860 Possibly DAVID (not Daniel?) Hedderman from RAHONA
DAVID HEDDERMAN & Bridget Hedderman as a Ditto ?
Priest: ?
See sibling(s) also: Mary Hedderman.

53. This entry is clearly written. Also, see earlier January 24th 1861 : perhaps a connection with ‘Honor Conway’ as witness for Patrick Conway marrying Bridget Ginnane? In the periods from 1865 to September 5th 1875, & to 1877, six baptisms of their 5 sons, [including 2 Michaels, so the first one had died young], & 1 daughter, they are from “Querrin”. This couple had two sons, named after their father, Michael Ginnane, baptised at St Mary’s on Apr 22 1873 & Sep 5th 1875. He is NOT the bachelor, station-hand & fencer from inland Ruatoria, East Coast NZ who died in Gisborne aged 90 on June 18th 1966. That Michael Ginnane is likely to be the one who arrived in Gisborne in 1908 by ship from the ‘south’, according to www.PapersPast.NatLib.Govt.NZ . ‘Gisborne’ Michael was born in 1876 at BungareeShire, just east of Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. His father & Uncle Ginnane were from the Fergus Estuary? These 2 brothers married 2 McGuane (sp.?) sisters : Mother = McGuane / McGowan, etc.

54. Only 8.5 months later, in the Baptism Register for May 27th 1864, “John Long ? & Hannah Quade” had a daughter Mary at Carrigaholt. Patrick Quaid was a sponsor.
And only 14 months after that, in the Baptism Register for August 1st 1865 “John Long & Hannah Quade” had a daughter Honor at Carrigaholt. Margaret Long was the sponsor.
Both surnames are unusual in these areas = foreigners from the Barracks? There seem to be no other references to them in these Baptism & Marriage Registers?

55. “Papa Dispensanta in 1st et/& 2nd degree obtenta consanguinitatis”
1st one of these (out of a total of 2?) I’ve seen : A Pope’s Dispensation for “once-removed, 1st cousins to marry. The other is for a double affinity relationship in the 2nd degree.

56. This must be an older Edmond / Ned Ginnane & Honor from Rahona : the later Ned Ginnane(1859-1941) was the 3rd son of Patrick (a.k.a. John?) Ginnane & Mary Murray, after NZ John & Daniel (1854-5 RIP at 19 in 1873-4?) & later Ned married Honor McMAHON.

57. The bar owner at Kilbaha in 1867 was Susan Haeir a.k.a. Pilkington.
The ShroveTuesday Uprising at Kilbaha started from her bar, before attacking the Kilbaha Coastguard crew, Wilmott, Stanford & Lloyd at 5pm.

58. Taken from www.PapersPast.NatLib.Govt.NZ :---
April 18th 1901 Page 9 of The Tablet : Irish News for Catholics in N.Z. :

“TIPPERARY — Profession of a Nun — On Saturday February 11th 1901, in the Presentation Convent, Cashel, took place the solemn profession of vows of Nora (in religion, Sister Mary Antony), the third daughter of Mr Martin Haire [= Hehir / Haier,] of Kilbaha, County Clare, in presence of her parents and a large circle of friends. The sacred ceremony was performed by the Very Rev. Dean Kinane, in the unavoidable absence of his Grace the Archbishop.”

Nora was probably born after March 17th 1878. Only her older siblings, including Margaret, are in the associated Carrigaholt Baptism Register.

59. Connor is probably a nephew or grand-nephew of my [Murray Michael Ginnane of Hamilton, NZ] great-great-grandmother, Mary Murray (1819-Dec 1878) who married her neighbour, Patrick Ginnane(1809-1878), around 1851. Mary’s father was a Conor Murray, and the eldest son of each generation of that family line was named Conor.
At the other end of their Rahona East farmhouse lived the ‘Patrick Murray’ family line.
Just to confuse things you’ll see in these registers that occasionally, one of the ‘Connor Murray-line’ was named Patrick - and vice-versa!

60. Copied to here from the Baptismal Register, a 1st child for this couple ? :

Anne Carthy ?? [ = McCarthy ?? or Crotty ? ]
Revd Fr M Meehan

61. Snee is a surname near Kilkelly, Co.Mayo. ‘Soldier’ may have been based at the Napoleonic-era, artillery forts at Doonaha or Kilcredane or Scattery Island. Or else at a barracks in Carrigaholt? Somehow he met Cath from Tullig, which is on the Atlantic Cliffs west of Carrigaholt. Harkins or Hopkins sounds like a foreign, ‘English’ surname, too.

62. The following “1st cousin, once-removed”, marriage has been well crossed out here but was repeated as the next entry, but 6 weeks later:--- JULY 28th 1870, exactly as before. Almost certainly, when the parish priest realised that this was a ‘1st cousin, once removed’ marriage proposal, he would have known he didn’t have the level of seniority to authorise it. So the delay would have been while the Dispensation was forwarded up the Catholic Church hierarchy to either the Bishop of Killaloe, or the Archbishop in Dublin. Not to the Pope in the Vatican, though?

63. There seems to be a page or two missing here? Or, perhaps they’re just waiting for ShroveTide again? What happened is that the next 3 entries were accidentally written by Fr D Smyth in the ‘Baptism Section’, at the other end of this physical book. The layout was different to the usual, so some doubt exists as to the exact couples & witnesses here.
All three marriages may have been on December 30th 1870? Grooms’ & Brides’ names were in the baptised child’s column plus Townlands were in the Parents’ column; plus Witnesses names were in the Baptism Sponsors’ Column.

64. Bridget Guinane from nearby, at Lisheen Furroor, according to the 1851 Census Search for her Pension Application in 1916. So she was born c.1845-6. Several Bridget Ginnane / Bridget Guinnanes existed in the area at the same time. They married Hedderman, etc. This BRIDGET GUINANE applied successfully for the >70? years, old age pension in August 1916. She was found in a search of the since-destroyed, April 1851 CENSUS papers, along with some of her siblings:
(Edmond? = ) NED GUINANE, &
(Honora? = ) NORRY GUINANE, --- all born at LisheenFurroor (?) in the 1840s? Bridget was not re-specified by name as ‘Found’, but by implication, she must have been.
Their father, Michael Green, was from Killard, which is a half-mile northwest from Doonbeg, which is on the Atlantic Coast about 10km north of Kilkee.
Later, he & Bridget must have settled there too.

According to the Pension Search, Bridget’s mother was née BRIDGET GORMAN, who probably married DENIS GUINANE / Ginnane quite a few years before 1845, because their 5 children were found in the April 1851 Census, after the famine years.
Probably both of Bridget née Ginnane Greene’s parents were also born near Carrigaholt or LisheenFurroor, a few miles north of Carrigaholt, c. late 1810s.
Or maybe Denis was born in Rahona East? There was a Denis Guinane looking for his Rahona-born brother, Daniel Ginnane (born c.1823), by advertising in the Boston Irish newspaper “Missing Persons” column, c.1860s. In that case, they are related to Daniel Gannon in Charleston,SC, who is Daniel (b.1823)’s great-grandson.
Bridget would be a 1st cousin of Dan Gannon’s paternal grandfather.
Checked Baptism Register >1853 for any further Denis Ginnane m. Bridget Gorman siblings after these 5, from Doonaha / Lisheen Furroor ? Yes, at least one.
The Greene-Ginnane children must have been baptised north at Doonbeg, Killard? I can’t see them here yet.

65. This Hassett family from Rahona East was closely inter-related & inter-married with their near-neighbours, the 2 Ginnane families, the 2 Murray families, the Heddermans, etc.

66. Their 1st born, Pat, was baptised 10 months & 1 week later. At that Baptism, the father / husband was spelled as Phelim Kean.

Copied to here from Baptismal register for a Christian name crosscheck

DECEMBER 28th 1871 PAT KEAN from ROSS [also as Patrick Keane ?]
Sponsor: MARY KEAN
Priest: M Mahon ? or M Meehan ?
Also, a sibling baptised in 1872, father as Phelim Kean.

Fr M Casey

----------------- ----------
Revd Fr D Smyth
----------------- ----------

67. On August 9th 1861 an Alice Leary was a baptism sponsor for Honor Keating’s child, Michael Keating, also of Clahansavaun.

68. Copied to here from Baptisms, 13 months later – baptised on
AUGUST 18th 1872 was MARY PENDER / Pendar from KILBAHA.
Priest: D Smyth
P.S. In this marriage book, also see a cryptic note only, a year later ? – or is it a brother of the groom, married to a sister of the bride? This is it:---
AUGUST 3rd ?? 1872 Mr PINDAR from KILBAHA, married to
Miss CROTTY from KILBAHA . No Christian names given!
“Married in the Catholic Church at KILKEE by Revd Michael Meehan as M. M.” Also, written upside down, perhaps an unrelated entry? :
23/12/1941 J. T. N. or W.?

69. So they were 2nd cousins who married. They had a common great-grandparent.
From the censuses of 1901 & 1911 we can work out their ages: Thomas may have been 40? This is the marriage of “next-door-through-the-wall”: the ‘aging’ Thomas Ginnane, who was father of farmer Eamon = Edmund(?), who died in the early 1960s, and he was the father of spinster Postmistress Mary Ginnane; Farmer Tony (R.I.P. suddenly on the farm, on 21st March 2011); Thomas in Bayside, Queens, NY; Eamon of ex-Éire Post Longford (to Athlone?); & of Theresa Hickey, husband of Tom, of Hazlet, NJ.
I wonder if the sponsor is c.21 year old NZ John, or is it his father Patrick using his nickname of John? Or is it an older patriarch John, who buried a 9 yr old son, Daniel Ginnane, inside the Kilballyowen Church ruins cemetery, 1km west of Cross, in 1838?
Refer to Patrick with his wife Mary Murray baptising their children, with Patrick sometimes known as JOHN? There was an old John recorded in the Griffith’s Valuations of 1855 – also perhaps him? Or perhaps they are both related to the “through-the-wall-cousins”???

70. In this marriage book also see the cryptic note only a year later? – or is it a ‘Pindar’ brother married to a ‘Crotty’ sister ? No Christian names are given! “Married in the Catholic Church at Kilkee by Revd Michael Meehan as M. M.”
Perhaps this brief note above in the marriage register (without date or Christian names, or witnesses), was entered here at the same time that their baby, Mary Pender, was entered in the Baptism Registry? To explain how and where her parents were married?

71. Affinity is a relationship to the new wife/husband, through the (previously deceased?) wife/husband’s relations. So does this mean that Michael Curtin is marrying his late wife’s 1st cousin? Not related by blood, which requires a ‘consanguinity dispensation’.

72. Some unusual names, places & words here? I can’t see this couple baptising any children under ‘Green / Greene’. Maybe they moved up to Farrihy? Although Mary’s brother, Martin Tyne, baptised John, on Sep 28th 1871. Martin was married to Ellen Miniter of Kilmihil; also as Minniter. There are still just a few Miniters in Clare.

73. Once again, there seemed to be missing pages here? A whole year missing! The ‘A.D. 1873’ at the top of Page295 is not a mistake? And, there is a water stain on both pages which matches at the binding. So there are no missing pages, just a year without Marriage entries at Carrigaholt. The Baptism Register continued on as normal at the other end of this physical book.

74. This entry also seems to appear below (10 days later), but smudged out, and with changes. N.B. Noctin/Nocten/Norton? was a phonetic spelling of Naughten, Naughton, etc, so that ties in. Perhaps Margaret McMahon was née Hickey, or vice-versa?
This whole busy Shrovetide, pre-Lent 1875 marriage season is complicated by double-entries?

75. The following ‘2nd cousin, once-removed’ dispensation to marry is written between these two entries, and most likely refers to the Martin Fennell=Winifred O’Gorman marriage below, and not the John Houlihan=Margaret Fennell one above. Although the Martin Fennell=Winifred O’Gorman marriage, when repeated below, did not have the Dispensation re-written :--

76. I wonder if this couple emigrated to the USA? Where does this Patrick fit in the Ginnane family tree? Or is this Thomas, the widower, retired grocer, living in Carrigaholt with a teenaged daughter in the 1901 CENSUS ? 1911 ? Who was that daughter?
Old Patrick Ginnane of Rahona was alive until mid-1878, when he died from cancer of the face. Is this Thomas Ginnane a brother of NZ John? NZ John was aged about 23-24 at the time of this baptism, and John was soon (mid-1877) to depart for Glasgow / The Clyde River Docks and thence on the full-rigged clipper ship ‘RAKAIA’ to Lyttelton, NZ. John’s next younger brother, Daniel had recently died of pneumonia at 19 yrs old? The Ginnane’s & Foley’s also intermarried later, and bachelor Daniel Ginnane went to a career in the Shanghai Municipal Police Force with an Anthony Dwyer (who died there), and a Foley male, amongst others, around 1913-1937.

77. Is this entry the baptism of this bride Mary Russell?:--

Parents: PATRICK RUSSELL & Johanna GUINANe or Ginnane
Sponsors : THOMAS KEATING & HONOR KEATING [née Ginnane?] Revd M Meehan ?? or M M squiggle.

Although a Mary Russell was also sponsor for at least 2 other Tullig baptisms recently: Austin on Sep 8th 1871 & Holland on Mar 13th 1874; because of her young age, perhaps there were 2 Mary Russell’s from Tullig?

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Carrigaholt RC Parish Marriage Records, 1860-1881