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Vandeleurs of Kilrush County Clare
by Senan Scanlan

2. Vandeleur References (c.1750-1920)

2.2 1840-1859

1840 Monday 20th January (CJ).
The report that Mr. Vandeleur of Kilrush having given £300 towards building a chapel in Kilrush is contradicted by the paper that disseminated the rumour The Limerick Chronicle.

1840 Monday 17th February (CJ).
Ennis Grand Jury -----------Crofton Moore Vandeleur was sworn in.

1840 Monday 8th March (CJ).
Formation of a Shipwrecked Mariners Society.
-----Resolved: That an auxiliary branch of the Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners Benevolent Society be now formed in Kilrush,
Proposed by, Rev John Kenny seconded by John Patterson Esq.
Resolved: That Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq is requested to act as President and that Poole Hickman of Kilmore, M S Burton of Carrigaholt Esqs and Captain White, Inspecting Commander of the Coast Guard are requested to act as Vice-Presidents.
Proposed by Irwin W Patterson Esq, seconded by P J Freyer Esq -Chief Officer of the Coast Guard.
Resolved: That Captain John F Studdert RN, be requested to act as Secretary.
Proposed by Captain John F Studdert RN seconded by Irwin Patterson Esq.

1840 Monday 6th July (CJ).
Lady Burton has sent two tons of oatmeal for distribution among the poor tenants at Carrigaholt. Crofton M Vandeleur has employed a great number of the poor population of Kilrush in opening a street leading towards the new chapel.

1840 Thursday 9th July (CJ).
Clare Summer Assizes—Grand Jury—Crofton M Vandeleur sworn in---.

1840 Monday 17th August (CJ).
The influential friends of Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq of Kilrush have determined upon giving that gentleman their zealous support as a candidate for the County of Clare at the next election.

1840 Monday 19th October (CJ).
The new chapel in Kilrush is now being slated and when it is covered in which is expected to be in November will be consecrated by the Roman Catholic Bishop of the Diocese the Rev Mr Matthews.

1840 Thursday 22nd October (CJ).
Crofton Moore Vandeleur and Lady Grace Vandeleur have returned to Kilrush: so delighted were the inhabitants at their return they went out to meet them with banners and music.

1840 Monday 7th December (CJ).
The Rev. Theobald Matthews preached at the new Roman Catholic Chapel of Kilrush: the largest edifice of the kind n this county. The town was filled by people from Kerry, who crossed over in the Garryowen steamer to witness the ceremony. -- Upwards of 20,000 people were present-

1841 Thursday 18th February (CJ)
Crofton Moore Vandeleur was sworn in as a Grand Juror.

1841 Monday 22nd February (CJ).
---------------on Thursday the members of the County Club dined together at the Club House to celebrate the christening of the Princess Royal. Crofton Moore Vandeleur in the Chair------------the evening spent in a most convivial manner.

1841 Thursday 8th April (CJ).
Murder of Mr. Thomas F. Brew.
-----we hereby engage to pay the sums affixed to our respective names (in addition to the reward already offered by the government).
Crofton Moore Vandeleur D.L. ----------------£25. ------------------------

1841 Thursday 6th May (CJ).
Notice to Contractors -Shannon Commission
The Commissioners will receive tenders from such persons who may be desirous to execute any or all of the piers and landing wharfs at the undermentioned places.
Querrin, Kilrush, Kildysart, Kilteery.
-----according to the plans and specifications which may be seen at the Commissioners Office in Dublin---------- by Order Edward Hornsby Secretary,
Shannon Commission Office, Custom House, Dublin 30th April 1841.

1841 Thursday 10th June (CJ).
Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq.
------is a candidate for the representation of this County. He solicits the suffrages of the electors on “independent principles, unshackled by party, and determined only to support those measures that may tend to advance the peace and interests of Ireland”.

Crofton Moore Vandeleur has during the course of this week with his characteristic liberality subscribed a large sum towards the completion of the new Roman Catholic Chapel at Kilrush with a promise of a “much larger sum”. On a previous occasion he gave the site for the building rent free for ever, and handed over to the Rev. Mr. Kenny P.P. the sum of £140 for the opening an entrance to the Chapel. In addition to this Mr Vandeleur has given the site for a new Fever Hospital now nearly completed, for the poor of the district and contributed to its erection and is now engaged in building a pier at Kilrush at his own expense which could have been presented for and taxed on the people. Such acts of liberality and uniform attention to the interests of his people deserve the highest praise.

1841 Thursday 17th June (CJ)
Kilrush Union, Board of Guardians, Crofton Moore Vandeleur in the Chair.

1841 Monday 21st June (CJ).
-------- Mr. N Westby Esq-----seeing the want of funds to complete the Kilrush Fever Hospital kindly increased his subscription to £40. ---------------

1841 9th July.[48]
(From Richard Scott, Ennis Private and Confidential).
My Dear O'Connell,
I find from the newspapers that the villainous Corporation of Dublin are determined at all hazards to return West and Grogan, contrary to all justice, law and fair play. Before you receive this, the question will be decided: if against you, we are open here for you... Start for Clare and I promise you that even for a day, your country shan't lose your services in Parliament. We have as yet only one Tory candidate, Vandeleur, and your friends, MacNamara and O'Brien. MacNamara's election, I think, safe. And Vandeleur cannot beat O'Brien but by bribery—and his money is flying freely and heavily in all directions. I fear for the result as we are without money even for the ordinary expenses of the erection, as we have no Liberal Club or bond of union amongst us. If you start, one of our men must and will give way. Let it be O'Brien. You can induce him much sooner to do so than you can MacNamara. Besides O'Brien is not a fit representative for this County, he is detested by the gentry and dreaded by his own party, and would never be its member save for his politics which are honest. Select therefore MacNamara to go in with you and I promise you a glorious triumph over Vandeleur. MacNamara has amongst the Conservatives few personal friends and they will have less regret at your being elected if MacNamara is your colleague. ---------------. (See result below)

1841 Monday 12th July (CJ)
To the electors of the County of Clare, Gentlemen, ------------I propose myself to you as a candidate-------------- Crofton Moore Vandeleur, Kilrush House, June 19th 1841.

1841 Thursday 16th July (CJ).
Result of the Election:
MacNamara 1079, O’Brien 1071, Vandeleur 223, Moloney 48.

1841 Monday 7th August.[49]
Christening: John Ormsby Moore son of Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq and his wife the Honourable Lady Grace Vandeleur. The sponsors the Earl of Rosse, Colonel Vandeleur of 10th Hussars and the Honourable the Lady Helen Stewart Fitz.

1841 Thursday 12th August (CJ).
Lieut-Col John Vandeleur, 10th Hussars, Mrs Vandeleur (Alice) and family have arrived at Kilrush House from Dublin, on a visit to his brother-in-law Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq. (John Vandeleur of Mannister Co Limerick Lt-Col 10th Hussars, brother of Thomas Packenham Vandeleur, married his cousin Alice, daughter of Rt. Hon. John Ormsby Vandeleur, and widow of Rev Charles Moore Stewart)

1841 Monday 6th September (FJ)
It is contemplated by the Royal Western Yacht Club to offer Crofton M. Vandeleur Esq., of Kilrush D.L., the rank of perpetual commodore.

1841 Thursday 7th October (CJ).
Acknowledgements: The Treasurer for building the Fever Hospital in Kilrush received the following sums: Major Ball £10, H.P.Hickman £10, Master Henn £10.

1841 Thursday 9th December. (CJ)
Launch of the Lady Grace.
On Tuesday Kilrush presented a scene of the most animating gaiety and interest on the occasion of the launch of the beautiful new schooner built by C.M. Vandeleur Esq of the best Irish Oak, the produce of his own estate, wrought by Kilrush tradesmen, all his own tenantry and the first vessel of so large a class ever built in Clare. Her model and finish are greatly admired and do great credit to the abilities of Mr Jas Langan, the superintendent of Naval Architect, who has given such a beautiful specimen of Irish Manufacture .The day was propitious and the announcement that the Lady Grace Vandeleur would arrive to launch, to give her own name to the destined wanderer over oceans attracted all the town and much of the country to the Patent Slip to witness the interesting ceremony-about 3 o'clock. Lady Grace and Mrs Colonel Vandeleur & c arrived and were received in a beautiful tent erected for the occasion, by Mr and Colonel Vandeleur, Captains Creagh and Studdert R.N. &c. Mr Vandeleur admirable Brass Band playing all the while,” God save the Queen, Rule Britannia and other appropriate airs”. At 4 o'clock the shipwrights went to work in good earnest for the launch, but they were too much in earnest for having removed the braces that secured her to her berth at the stern and before preparations for the ceremonial on naming her were completed she glided of the stacks and most majestically entered her destined elements amidst the exhaulting shouts of the spectators happily without the slightest accident.

Lady Grace Vandeleur now advanced to the pier head at which lay the beautiful vessel and with the most interesting lady like deportment bestowed upon her the name Lady Grace breaking a bottle of wine over her bow and pronouncing upon her and all present and eloquent and pious benediction when a discharge of artillery announced the conclusion of the ceremony.

In the evening Mr Vandeleur entertained a large party of gentlemen to dinner, at Lomas’s Hotel where he presided himself with the dignity and urbanity that distinguishes his character as the host and gentleman. Among the company were Colonel Vandeleur, Captains Creagh and Studdert R.N. Messrs Studdert, Paterson, Lucas, Elliott, Kelly, Jackson &c &c. The Vice-Chair was ably filled by Mr John Kelly part owner of the newly launched ship, and about to freight her to London with provisions made up at his extensive concerns in Kilrush. When the Cloth was removed the chairman proposed the health of: “The Queen and the infant Duke of Cornwall” (drank with nine times nine) Next “God save the Queen”......................................................The Tradesmen who worked at the Lady Grace about 70 in number were also entertained at dinner with good fare and plenty of wine &c&c.

1842 Monday 17th January (CJ).
Meeting at Kilkee; the following petition was adopted at the meeting: To the Right Honorable and the Honorable Commons of Great Britain and Ireland in Parliament Assembled, -------------That petitioners from a variety of causes- most particularly, the want of that main and essential to the prosperity of the Irish peasant namely, Agricultural Employment, are subject annually to the re-occurrence of much suffering and privation ---------------- Signed: Crofton Moore Vandeleur, Jonas Studdert, Geo. Studdert, J W Studdert, R Studdert, F N Kean, Richard O'Donnell, John Lucas, clerk, R S Triphook, Michael Comyn PP &c&c

1842 Thursday 27th January (CJ).
Mr. Cornelius O'Brien M P left this Monday for Dublin to give his vote for Lord Morpeth and Mr. Crofton M Vandeleur of Kilrush, left also yesterday to vote for Mr. Gregory.

1842 Monday 12th March (CJ).
Kilrush Union- There was twenty two meetings of the Board during the past year. The number opposite each name specifies the number of meetings each guardian attended. (Ex-Officio)
Crofton M Vandeleur 17,G Studdert 11,Randal Borough7, H S Burton 4,Daniel O'Grady 5,Captain Hickman 8,Jonas Studdert 10,Captain Studdert 17,Richard Studdert 2,Thomas Barclay 9,Assistant-Commissioner W H T Hawrey 5 !.

1842 Thursday 26th May (CJ).
Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq of Kilrush House has accepted the appointment of perpetual commodore of the Irish division of the Royal Western Yacht Club and will be attending the general meeting of the members next month.

1842 Monday 30th June (CJ).
Clare Assizes- Grand Jury- Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq, of Kilrush House, (foreman) -----.

1841 Thursday 11th August (CJ)
On Wednesday evening the third of August the gentlemen of Kilrush and its vicinity sat down to a sumptuous public dinner in order to commemorate the opening of William's Commercial Hotel--- ----------------------------------the next toast was “Crofton Moore Vandeleur and the resident landed proprietors of Clare” It was responded to by William Downes who briefly alluded to the evils which absenteeism has brought on the country and concluded with a eulogy on Mr. Vandeleur as a good landlord and a courteous private gentleman.

1842 Monday 29th August (CJ).
Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq.D.L. President of the Royal Western Yacht Club has sailed in the Caroline (commodore's yacht) from Kilrush to Cove to attend the Cove Regatta, where Mr. Vandeleur will invite the Cove Yachts to attend the Shannon Regatta next month.

1842 Monday 19th September (CJ).
Shannon Regatta: The yachts sailed in fleet up the Shannon to Limerick on Thursday, Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq; commodore was accompanied on board his yacht by his brother-in-law Lord Norbury.

1842 Monday 26th September (CJ).
Earl of Norbury, Lord Glandine, the Hon. Mr. Stewart, and a select party have been staying at Kilrush House the seat of Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq.

1843 Thursday 23rd February (CJ).
Ennis Assizes—Grand Jury--------Crofton Moore Vandeleur, Kilrush House. ----.

1843 Monday 6th March (CJ).
At a meeting of the subscribers of the Kilrush district hospital-----Crofton Moore Vandeleur in the chair-------70 members attended and over £90 was subscribed.

1843 Monday 20th March (CJ).
The people who were gathering seaweed at Caherfeenick, the property of Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq were remonstrated with by Mr. Vandeleur and the immediate tenant, Mr. Thomas Studdert, but they paid no regard whatever to either landlord or tenant who were both obliged to make a hasty retreat dreading violence. We regret that Mr. Vandeleur should receive any other than the treatment he deserves from any of the people. He is a liberal and indulgent landlord and should be received in a different manner. He has given instructions to his law agent to take immediate proceedings against those who have been identified as the foremost in forcibly carrying away the weed----.

A full statement of the proceedings of the people on the western coasts of the county regarding the carrying away of sea-rack has been forwarded to the Government by one of the magistrates, claiming a right to the shore. It would be well if the Government made known the law upon the case, to prevent rioting and the likely loss of life.

1843 Monday 3rd April (CJ).
The Sea Weed Case
------------------- “It follows from the foregoing that if any large body of persons tumultuously assemble for the purpose of taking away sea-weed they may be arrested-----”.

1843 Monday 10th April (CJ).
At a meeting of the Kilrush Board of Guardians held last week, Crofton Moore Vandeleur was appointed Chairman. ---.

1843 Thursday 21st September (CJ).
Colonel Vandeleur has returned to Kilrush in his beautiful yacht Caroline from the French coast after attending her Majesty and Prince Albert with the Royal Yacht Squadron to Treport and thence in return to Brighton. Colonel Vandeleur was accompanied by his brother-in-law Lord Norbury who feels much delighted at the excursion. The Royal Yacht fleet did not proceed to Antwerp but sailed for the rendezvous at Cowes.

1843 Monday 13th November (CJ).
Kilrush Workhouse: At a meeting of the Board of Guardians held in the Board room of the Kilrush Workhouse on Wednesday November 8th Crofton Moore Vandeleur in the chair---.

1843 Monday 18th December (CJ).
Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq has given directions to his agent not to deduct the poor rate from the rent-charge of the working clergy.

1844 Monday 26th February (CJ).
Grand Jury: Sir Lucius O’Brien, Bart. Foreman, Cornelius O'Brien M P, Crofton Moore Vandeleur. --------------------.

Clare Journal Feb 29th 1844[50]
At Ralahine Cottage, on Sunday morning, at an advanced age, Mrs. Vandeleur,
relict of the late Colonel Boyle Vandeleur, of Ralahine.

1844 Monday 18th March (CJ).
Col Crofton Moore Vandeleur D L and Lady Grace Vandeleur have left Kilrush for Dublin.

1844 Monday 3rd June (CJ).
It is rather annoying to see the large Quay at Kilrush upon which a sum of nine thousand pounds has been expended now completely deserted by the vessels and boats of every description that now frequent that thriving town. It will be asked the cause of such desertion, and a very ready answer is at hand the heavy duty imposed under the authority of the Commissioners for what they are pleased to call quayage and wharfage. The old quay was crowded every day with vessels of various burdens from the vessel of 500 tons to the turf skiff but now after a vast outlay a vessel is seldom seen there. They now make for the creek and even run the chance of a neap tide sooner than encounter those exorbitant fees. ------------ In this case the proprietor of the town paid a sum of two thousand three hundred pounds, as a proportion of the expense, and now the results of the entire outlay is that it is altogether useless. The pier or quay built near Lord Clare's (Carrigaholt) for which his Lordship by the way paid a sum of about twelve hundred pounds is avoided in the same way. ------------ so much for the benefit of the outlay by the Shannon Commissioners.

1844 Thursday 12th December (CJ).
Public Meeting---Ennis Court House. ---- Resolved-- That we do hereby pledge ourselves to pay the several sums annexed to our names--------- for private information as may lead to the detection and conviction of the perpetrators of the murder of the late Arthur Gloster Esq.
Lucius O'Brien. Bart. Lieut Co. Clare £20
George Wyndham, Petworth. £20.
William Fitzgerald, Bart, D L. £10
John Molony D L £10
Crofton Moore Vandeleur £10.

1844 Commissioners for improvinf Nagivation of River Shannon.[51]
Division No.1. -Lower Shannon -Kilrush Pier, County Clare

As stated in our last Annual Report, the foundations had been laid by the diving-bell: during the past summer the superstructure was carried up to the proposed height, and the work completed in the month of December last, in a substantial and satisfactory manner.

The regular trading steam-vessels have now a good berth allotted for their use, and square-rigged vessels of large tonnage are enabled to discharge or take in cargoes without interfering with the smaller or river craft, which frequent this pier. Kilrush Pier is the first place within the mouth of the Shannon where vessels in distress can find shelter, or from where they can receive succour, and its contemplated extension is deserving of every consideration and support.

The average number of persons employed daily at Kilrush Pier from 2nd January to 2nd December was 40, being equivalent to 11,462 days' work.

1845 Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland[52]
KILRUSH, a post, market, and sea-port town, in the parish of Kilrush, barony of Moyarta, Co. Clare, Munster. It stands at the head of the creek or harbour of Kilrush, 1¾-mile north-north-east of Inniscattery, 8 miles east-south-east of Kilkee, 15 west by south of Kildysert, 27 south-west of Ennis, and 138½ west-south-west of Dublin.

The principal features of interest in the environs are the estuary of the Shannon in front of the town, and the mansion of Kilrush immediately to the east of the town, and between the roads to Knock and Kilmurry-Clonderalaw. The demesne around the mansion is ¾ of a mile in length, extends from the town to the eastern boundary of the parish, and is the property of C. M. Vandeleur, Esq., the town's proprietor. The mansion is a handsome, commodious, and modern edifice, "standing on an interesting spot, which commands a view of Mangerton and MacGillicuddy's Reeks at Killarney, Brandon Mountain, Kerry Head, and the mouth of the river Shannon. The inner area of this rich prospect is ornamented by a view of one of the finest harbours in Europe, Bale-bar, Kilcredaun-Point, Rehyhill, Carrigaholt, and Carrigafoyle castles, with the round tower, cathedral and ruined churches, in the celebrated island of St. Senanus, now called Inniscattery. The view of the town and harbour is truly delightful at sunset on a summer evening, when Scattery road is crowded with shipping, and upwards of 200 herring-boats issue together from the neighbouring creeks, gliding over the glassy surface of the Shannon, to take their station for the night's fishing."

The Town
The principal parts of the town are a spacious central square, and two spacious streets running parallel with each other, and on a line with respectively the north and the south sides of the square; and these parts are in a chief degree modern, and contain many good houses. The portion of the southern street, in particular, which extends from the square to the quays, is airy, well-built, and comparatively respectable; the square itself has a lively and cheerful appearance during the bustle of the weekly markets; and the vicinity of the quays exhibits large stores and pretending new edifices. The market-house, in the centre of the square, is a handsome structure, built at the private expense of Mr. Vandeleur. The custom-house, near the lower quay, is a neat modern building. The bridewell, situated near the upper quay, is the largest building of its class in the county; contains keepers' apartments, 8 cells, 2 day-rooms, and 2 yards; and is maintained in a clean and orderly condition. The places of worship, and the schools, have been sufficiently noticed in the article on the parish.

The Harbour.
The creek or natural harbour of Kilrush is dry at low water; admits only small craft even with the tide; and is provided with two small quays and a patent slip. The pier, which affords accommodation to larger sailing-craft and to steam-vessels, extends toward Hog Island from the upper side of the entrance of the creek. This pier was originally built by the Commissioners of Customs; and was subsequently transferred to the Commissioners of Fisheries; but practically became the private property of Mr Vandeleur, or passed under his care for conservation. In 1825, in order to obviate the disadvantage of fishing-craft being obliged to wait out in stormy weather until half-flood, and to create facility for their entering the harbour and approaching the landing-quay at any state of the tide, Mr. Vandeleur contributed £456 13s. 10d, and the Fishery-Board £1,367 1s. 8d. for adding 165 feet to the length of the pier, and extending it into 6 feet low water of spring-tides. The Commissioners for improving the navigation of the Shannon, say, "This pier is too small to answer the demands of the present trade, and, in particular, of a steam-vessel which frequents it daily from Limerick, and which cannot always procure accommodation alongside, for discharging its cargo, or landing the passengers. We propose, therefore, to lengthen the pier 150 feet, but in a different direction, for the purpose of giving the prolongation the most favourable position, as well for the present object as for such further extension as may hereafter be required. The estimate amounts to £8,600." The body of the pier is to be filled with rubble; the exterior face to be paved with good ashlar; the head and inner-face to be built with the same material; a flight of steps to be formed near the pier-head for the accommodation of persons embarking or disembarking from steam-vessels or passenger-boats. The old pier runs nearly due south, and the extension of it runs to the south-south-west. "This direction," say the Commissioners, "was adopted in order that greater accommodation might be afforded to vessels when lying at anchor within it; either waiting to load or discharge, or having taken refuge from the westerly gales." So heavy and rollingly impetuous is the surge from the west that it often broke over the old pier and placed a drenching arrest upon business. "I will here observe, “Says Capt. Mudge, in his report of 1832, "that this part of the Shannon is exposed to the whole ocean-swell: the sea, which sets in such a continuance of southerly or westerly winds, baffles all description, especially when accompanied by 'the rollers,'-a periodical visitation." Kilrush harbour is the first above the Shannon's mouth; and the roadstead opposite Kilrush, and under lee of Inniscattery, is the first secure anchorage from the westerly gales.

The fishing trade of the town, as to both capture and sale, is somewhat extensive. About 20 small hookers, employing about 200 persons, belong strictly to itself, and are engaged in fishing and in dredging for oysters; and numerous fishing-craft, of various classes, belonging to neighbouring creeks upon the Shannon, have their rendezvous and market at Kilrush, and are employed in both the herring and the general fishery. In 1830, the fishing-craft within the Kilrush district consisted of 2 decked vessels, of jointly 64 tons, with 12 men; l63 half-decked vessels, of aggregately 1,467 tons, with 652 men; 12 open sail-boats, with 48 men; and 443 row-boats, with 1,749 men. So prolific and general are the fishing-grounds, that lucrative fishing-establishments might be formed at every practicable part of the coast, from Kilrush to Galway bay.

Turf Trade
Enormous quantities of turf are sent from Kilrush and from the bay of Poulnasherry to the city of Limerick, and are supplied from a tract of 24,000 acres of turbary, which commences in the immediate vicinity of the town, and extends to Moore bay and Dunbeg on the Atlantic. "This trade," said a local statistic writer of 28 years ago "employs numbers of people at a season when little else can be done by them; while it contributes essentially to the comforts of the peasants employed in it. Turf-cutting is the first step towards the recovery of tracts of ground from an unprofitable state, after which the land is generally planted with rape and potatoes, and eventually sown with oats and grass-seed. For these reasons, this trade is encouraged by one of the principal proprietors, who permit his tenants to cut and dispose of as much turf as they choose, without any pecuniary remuneration. It is thought that the value of the turf sent off annually amounts to upwards of £10,000. A boat manned by two persons, generally a man and a boy, earns about £200 a-year at this trade; and would produce considerably more if freighted with lime-stone in return."

General Trade
During a long period, one person, a Mr. Paterson, conducted the whole corn trade of Kilrush; and, in 1802, he purchased 12,000 barrels at £6,666, - in 1807, 26,000 barrels, at £18,795 16s. 8d. - and in 1812, 34,000 barrels at £33,681 5s.; in 1807, he made his first shipment of oats to a port out of Ireland; in 1810, he shipped the first butter; in 1812, he began the making up of provisions, chiefly pork; in the same year, he fitted out the first packet between Kilrush and Limerick; in 1813, he had a second packet plying; "and such," said the local satirist three years later, "is the resort of strangers to this part of the country for the benefit of sea-bathing and other purposes, that the same enterprising person is now engaged in the erection of hot baths and an extensive hotel near the creek of Kilrush." The facility of conveyance by steam between Limerick and Kilrush, has very greatly increased the latter's prosperity, and among other effects, has produced a smart competition in the control and supply of the markets; "and now," said Mr. O'Brien in 1837, "instead of one corn merchant, as was the case formerly, we have eleven, and instead of two grocers we have fifteen, and instead of two woollen-drapers we have twelve, and so on." A weekly market is held on Saturday; and annual fairs are held on May 10, and Oct. 12. Branch offices of the National Bank and the Agricultural and Commercial Bank, were established in 1835. The public conveyances are a mail-car to Ennis, and a steam-vessel to Limerick. The nearest point of projected railway is on the Shannon line at Tarbert, on the opposite shore of the Shannon's estuary.

The manufactures are chiefly for home consumption, and consist of frieze, flannel, stockings, shoes, nails, strong sheeting, and a narrow and serviceable kind of linen called bandlecloth. Several weavers from the north settled a number of years ago in the town, and considerably improved the linen manufacture.

The number of vessels which frequented the port in 1835, was 32 loading, 5 discharging, 2 in distress, and 103 trading-hookers, &c.; in 1836,34 loading, 6 discharging, 8 in distress, and 690 trading-hookers, &c.; and, in 1837, 37 loading, 7 discharging, 10 in distress, and 743 trading hookers, &c. The imports in 1827 consisted of 180 tons of salt, 189 tons of coals, 70 tons of iron, 10 crates of ware, and 60 barrels of herrings; in 1831, of 50 tons of salt, 177 tons of coals, 120 tons of iron, and 150 barrels of herrings; and, in 1836, of 140 tons of salt, 150 tons of coals, 250 tons of iron, and 454 barrels of herrings; but this statement does not include the foreign trade, nor a considerable portion of the British trade, which are blended in the accounts with Limerick. The exports in 1827 consisted of 33 barrels of wheat and 19,289 barrels of oats; in 1831, of 5,417 barrels of barley, 30,309 barrels of oats, and 94 blocks of marble; and, in 1836, of 3,180 barrels of wheat, 27,202 barrels of barley, 36,898 barrels of oats, 2,574 barrels of beans, 87 firkins of butter, and 20 bags and 14 puncheons of miscellaneous goods; but this statement does not include the shipments made by small traders to Limerick, Cork, &c. The estimated amount of carriage from the town consists of 100 tons of imported articles, and 850 tons of manure and other bulky articles; and of carriage to the town, 6,000 tons for exportation, 3,225 tons of agricultural produce for local consumption as food, 500 tons of excisable articles not received by direct importation, and 21,225 tons of stone, lime, and other bulky articles.

Area of the town, 145 acres. Pop. in 1831, 3,996; in 1841, 5,071. Houses 664. Families employed chiefly in agriculture, 330; in manufactures and trade, 523; in other pursuits, 183. Families dependent chiefly on property and professions, 37; on the directing of labour, 517; on their own manual labour, 406; on means not specified, 76. Males at and above 5 years of age who could read and write, 1,130; who could read but not write, 218; who could neither read nor write, 732. Females at and above 5 years of age who could read and write, 701; who could read but not write, 369; who could neither read nor write, 1,239.

The Kilrush Poor-law union ranks as the 57th, and was declared on July 23, 1839. It lies all in Co. Clare, and comprehends an area of 115,746 acres, which contained, in 1831, a pop. of 70,676. Its electoral divisions, with their respective pop. In 1831, are, Kilrush, 9,850; Killimer, 3,023; Knock, 3,859; Killofin, 4,070; Kilfidane, 4,165; Kildysert, 4,501; Kilmichael, 3,794; Kilmurry, 8,433; Kilmacduane, 5,620; Killard, 5,629; Kilkee, 6,594; Moyarta, 7,441; and Kilballyhone, 3,695. The number of elected and of ex-officio guardians is respectively 29 and 9; and of the former, 5 are chosen by Kilrush division, 4 by Kilmurry, 3 each by Kilkee and Moyarta, 2 each by Killofin, Kilfidane, Kildysert, Kilmacduane, and Killard, and 1 by each of the other divisions. The total nett annual value of the property rated is £58,269 11s. 7d. the total number of persons rated is 8,103; and of these, 819 are rated for a valuation not exceeding £1,-970, not exceeding £2,-963, not exceeding £3, - 867, not exceeding £4,-and 932, not exceeding £5. The workhouse was contracted for on June 8, 1840, -to be completed in Sept. 1841, -to cost £6,800 for building and completion, and £1,350 for fittings and contingencies, -to occupy an area of 6 acres, purchased for £750, -and to afford accommodation for 800 paupers. The date of the first admission of paupers was July 9, 1842; the total expenditure thence till Feb. 6, 1843, was £773 0s. 11½d. and the total previous expenditure was £1,751 5s. 3d. the medical charities are a fever hospital and six dispensaries. The fever hospital is a new building, situated at Kilrush, erected by the exertions of Mr. Vandeleur and other gentlemen, and containing 50 beds, with a surgical department; and, in 1839-40- immediately previous to its being opened-it was provided with an annual income of £400 from subscription, and £933 from parliamentary and county grants. The dispensaries have their seats at Kilrush, Knock, Kildysert, Dunbeg, Cooraclare and Kilmichael, and Carrigaholt and Kilkee; and, in 1839-40, they were aggregately supported with £269 5s. 6d. from subscription, £269 5s. 6d. from parliamentary and county grants, and £8 1s. 6d. from other sources. The Kilrush dispensary serves for a pop. of 11,243; and, in 1839, it received £89 7s. 6d. expended £89 9s. 5d. and made 4,000 dispensations of medicine.

1845 Thom’s Directory.
Vandeleur, Col. 10 Hussars, 13 Rutland Square East. (of Maddenstown,Co. Kildare ?)

Crofton M. Esq, 4 Rutland Square East. (Kilrush Vandeleurs)

Miss, 41 Rutland Square West.

1845 Monday 31st March (CJ).
Kilrush Guardians. Saturday last was the first meeting of this board after the election of the guardians, and consequently the day for appointment of chairman, Mr Vandeleur was elected without opposition. (From October to December 1845 the Newspaper contained many reports and warnings about the failure of the potato crop)

1846 Friday 24th April (LR).
Col. Vandeleur has arrived at his residence Kilrush House from Dublin.

1846 Monday 29th June (CJ).
Colonel Vandeleur returned in his splendid yacht Caroline to Kilrush on Thursday having been lately on a cruise after the experimental squadron.

1846 Friday 6th November (LR.)
A Kilrush correspondent says:
Mr Vandeleur commenced a subscription list on Monday with £40. Rev Mr. Young and Rev Mr. Kenny gave £10 each. Messrs Richard and Michael Foley gave £10. We have already collected £150.Rev. Messrs Young and Kenny were appointed collectors at the meeting on Monday.

1846 Tuesday 10th November (LR).
We are pleased in stating that immediately the Marquis of Conyngham being made acquainted with the distress at present existing in Clare his Lordship munificently directed his agent Marcus Keane Esq, has an abatement of 25% in such instances 15% in others should be made to his numerous tenantries in the County according to their respected circumstances.

1846 Thursday 26th November (CJ).
Kilrush Union.
At a meeting the Board of Guardians of the above Union held on the 11th inst, Col. C.M. Vandeleur in the Chair-----also present, H.S. Burton, D.L. J.F. Studdert, Capt. & J.P., W.C. Marrett J.P., George Studdert, J.P. Ex-officio and 18 elected guardians. The following resolutions and memorial were proposed by Capt. Studdert were adopted:
Resolved: That the degree of destitution prevailing throughout the County, especially among the poorer classes calls for the best exertions of every well-minded person towards its alleviation. ---.

Clare Journal Aug 3rd 1846[53]
At Kilrush, James Paterson, Esq. This estimable gentleman, who was a native of Argyleshire, in 1798, commanded one of the gun-boats then protecting the Irish coast from a foreign foe.
(See Chapter 4 - Vandeleurs during the Famine)

1847 Monday 18th January (CJ).
Carrigaholt Relief Committee Meeting, Colonel Vandeleur was in attendance. ----------------.

1847 Thursday 18th February (CJ).
Public Meeting of the County Of Clare
. -------------- Col Vandeleur in rising to address the meeting stated that on no occasion had he come forward with greater anxiety for the good of the country, ------------- He felt that there was no gentleman present who was not in the habit of attending Relief Committees of Union Workhouses but must have felt appalled at the dreadful extent of destitution there, brought under their cognizance. He himself had witnessed the hale and strong decline become rapidly feeble and emaciated for want of sustenance. ---- In fact if matters were allowed to proceed as at present the County would soon be desolated of its labouring population-----------------.

1847 Monday May 24th (CJ)[54]
At St. Peter's Church, Dublin, Bindon J. Burton, Esq., S.L.C., and a. son
of the late Samuel Burton, Esq., of Cliften, in this county, to Jane
Vandeleur, only child of John Carroll Peach, Esq., Roscommon, and
grand-daughter of the late Colonel Boyle Vandeleur, of Ralahine, in this county.
(Jane Vandeleur's mother also Jane was the 4th daughter of John Scott Vandeleur of Ralahine Commune and grand-daughter of Boyle and she married John Carroll Peach)

1847 December.[55]
Verbatim Copy of a Notice posted on Colonel Vandeleur's gate on the evening of the 31st December 1847

“Take Notice Crofton Vandeleure if you don’t change your mind and give Relive to the Young as well as the Old, and not to put a stop to the Publicke Works as you are, and also Captin Kenidy if you don’t be said by this notice believe me I will do with you as I did with Pirce Carrige, so have your Wills made in time”.

1847 Monday 12th July (CJ).
Clare Assizes-----Ennis Grand Jury, Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq, Kilrush House, Foreman.

1847 Monday 20th September (CJ).
To The High Sheriff of the County Clare. We the undersigned request you will convene at an early day--------------- to take the necessary steps for the completion of those unfinished presentments, --------------- Crofton Moore Vandeleur, D.L L.

1847 Monday 4th October (CJ).
Kilrush Union. The usual meeting of the Board of Guardians for Kilrush Union took place on Wednesday at their meeting rooms. Col Vandeleur in the Chair. The Chairman ---- in a brief and eloquent manner returned thanks to the Board for the very handsome compliment paid him by the members in his absence, as also for the vote of confidence in him and their anxiety in consequence of the rumours lately afloat respecting him-that he was glad the circumstances did occur as he felt he had now a debt of gratitude to discharge that he would never be unmindful of.

1847 Monday 11th October (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians meeting: Col. Vandeleur in the Chair.

1847 Monday 29th November (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians meeting: Col. Vandeleur in the Chair.

1848 Thursday 13th January (CJ).
Grand Jury sworn in-------Col Crofton Moore Vandeleur Kilrush House.

1848 January.[56]
In January three men were committed to Ennis goal, having been arrested while lurking with arms with the avowed purpose of assassinating Colonel Vandeleur and Captain Kennedy.

1848 Monday 21st February (CJ).
Grand Jury sworn in-------Col Crofton Moore Vandeleur Kilrush House. Foreman.

1848 Friday 18th August (Anglo Celt).
---The ship Jessie, Gorman, sailed for Quebec from Scattery Roads, and prior to sailing was visited by Col. Vandeleur in his yacht, with Mr. Little. S M., and several of the police, in consequence of information that some of the rebel party were on board effecting their escape. They had a very strict search, but made no discovery. The Jessie brought up subsequently in Carrigaholt Roads, when information was received here that O’Gorman, with two others were to go on board, when Mr. Vandeleur, with Mr. Little stipendiary magistrate, immediately got his yacht under weigh, and proceeded to the westward in chase of the outlaws, while Captain Northey, with a company of the 88th and police went round to Carrigaholt: but for a positive fact O'Gorman was among three men that crossed the river to Querrin on Wednesday night: and the man of the house they stopped with was sent to Kilrush for bread, and when he returned they were fast asleep and apparently quite fatigued. This morning, at four, two boats from her Majesty's ship Blenheim arrived here with marines &c. in pursuit of the Jessie, which vessel was then under weigh off Kilcredaun with a fair wind and steady breeze from the eastward. Colonel Vandeleur has gone a long way westward, fearing any boat should go on board the Jessie while in the river off the coast. ----.

1848 & 1849
Reports and returns relating to evictions in the Kilrush Union.[57] (Summary of number of persons evicted from lands owned by Colonel Vandeleur, Kilrush House.)

No. in family
Banemore and Monmore
Leadmore, Carcalla, Ballynote, Monmore, Moyasta and Dysert
Caherfinie and Cashamore

1848 Thursday 21st December (CJ).
Kilrush Workhouse (extract from medical report for week ending Saturday December 16th 1848)

Number under medical treatment in Infirmary and Fever Hospitals by last report 382
Additions to both places this week 83
Total 465
Discharged cured 83
Died 6
Total number under medical treatment on Saturday 16th 376

Lieut Henry R N. Has selected thirty young orphan girls in the Kilrush Workhouse for emigration to Australia. The Vice-Guardians are to provide them with clothing. The other expenses will be defrayed by the Government.

1849 Monday 29th January (CJ).
Ennis Public Meeting-The Poor Law
A public meeting of the gentry and ratepayers of this County, convened for the purpose of taking into consideration the working of the present Poor law. -------------- Among those present Sir Edward Fitzgerald, Bart, Carrigoran---- Crofton Moore Vandeleur D L -----. Colonel Vandeleur observed that when the Poor law was introduced about seven years ago we were nearly unanimous in our opinion that the law was necessary for the support of the destitute and infirm------the tax at that time was a moderate one and was cheerfully paid: but by an unalterable dispensation of Providence that had taken place a vast change was effected: a famine has come over our land, for which we are in no way accountable, and multitudes who were at that time ------- are now reduced to the greatest destitute and are now crying for support and chargeable to our union. The effect of this has been that taxation has now reached a point, which it is utterly impossible that the land can bear----------------- It is most difficult to suggest any plan to meet these evils. ------------.

1849 Thursday 6th September (CJ).
Evictions in the Union of Kilrush. Number of evicted tenants from Capt. Kennedy's Report:

Proprietor's Name.
Families evicted or houses levelled
No of inhabitants
Col C M Vandeleur
Nicholas Westby
The Messrs Westropp
The Messrs Borough
The Marquis Conyngham
John MacDonnell
Reps Anne McDonnell
Marcus Keane
Miss A F Vandeleur

1849 Friday 19th October (Anglo Celt).
Evicted Destitute Poor (Ireland Act). The following return of all notices served upon relieving officers of poor law districts in Ireland, by landlords and others----
(This official return does not appear to agree with the above table for County Clare)

Provinces & Counties
Population 1841
Number of persons evicted
King's County
Queen's County

We select the following as some of the more extensive cases of eviction as given in this return: -----In the Union of Kilrush (Clare). 76 at the suit of Colonel Vandeleur: 20 at the suit of Miss Alice Vandeleur: 41 at the suit of Miss Vandeleur. ----------------.

1849 November[58]
At his home in Merrion-square Sir John Ormsby Vandeleur, GCB, Colonel of the 16th Lancers. This officer was the son of Richard Vandeleur, Esq., of Kilrush, Co. Clare. He was one of our most distinguished cavalry officers and had served for the long period of 68 years. He entered the army as an ensign in Dec. 1781: In 1794 and 1795 he served in Flanders, under the Duke of York, and was present in the several battles and minor affairs of those campaigns. As Lieut-Colonel of the 8th Light Dragoons he served with the local rank of colonel in command of a brigade of cavalry under Lord Lake in India. At the battle of Laswaree, on the 1st Nov. 1803, his brigade turned the enemy's left flank, and took 2,000 prisoners, for which he received Lord Lake's thanks. In Nov. 1804, he again received his Lordship's thanks for the cavalry affair at Futty Ghur, where the Mahratta chief Holkar was surprised and defeated at the conclusion of the war in India.

Sir John Vandeleur returned to Europe, and in 1811 was placed on the staff of the army in the Peninsula as Major-General. He commanded a brigade of the light division of infantry, and was wounded while leading a division to the breach of Ciudad Rodrigo, in Jan 1812. This prevented his serving at the siege of Badajoz, but he was present at the battles of Salamanca and Vittoria. A few days before the latter his brigade was so fortunate as to intercept a French division, and to cut off one of its brigades, taking 300 prisoners, and forcing the remainder to disperse in the mountains.

He was subsequently appointed to command a brigade of Light Dragoons, attached to the column under Lord Lynedoch, and afterwards under Lord Niddry, and participated in all the operations of that column. He served in the battle of Waterloo, and afterwards commanded the whole of the British cavalry from the time that the Marquess of Anglesey was wounded until Louis XV111 entered Paris. For his eminent services on these occasions he was nominated a knight commander of the Bath, of the Bavarian order of Maximilian Joseph, and of the Russian order of Vladimir, in 1815.The same year also he was appointed colonel of the 19th Dragoons, which regiment was disbanded about five years afterwards. In 1823, however, he became colonel of the 14th Light Dragoons, which colonelcy he held until 1830, when he was removed to the 16th Lancers. In 1833 Sir John Vandeleur was nominated a GCB: and he attained the full rank of a general in 1838.Sir John married in 1829 a daughter of the Rev. John Glasse.
(Sir John was the grandson of the John Vandeleur who purchased the lands at Kilrush in 1749)

1849 Monday 10th December (CJ).
State of the Workhouse: --------Fortunately Col Vandeleur arrived here from Brussels and immediately gave directions to have about twenty large sacks of barley trashed and converted to food ----.

1849 Thursday December 13th Kilrush Union.[59]
Letter from the Very Rev. Mr. Kelly, P.P., Kilrush, to His Excellency the Earl of Claredon, Lord-Lieutenant General, and General Governor of Ireland.

“My Lord, --Fully sensible of your pressing engagements I am unwilling to trespass on your Excellency: yet, from the heart-rending scenes which have occurred in this district within the last few days, I feel it a duty briefly to offer our distressed situation to your Excellency's consideration.

In this Union (Kilrush), the poorest in Ireland, during the summer months thirty thousand persons, half the present population, received out-door relief. Of these nearly twenty thousand have been, within the last year, thrown house-less and homeless on the world. . I shall not harrow your Excellency's tender feelings by a description of their miserable state: while families being huddled together in miserable huts, in appearance more like corpses from the sepulchre than animated beings. Several philanthropic Englishmen who have visited the district and seen with their own eyes our condition, have, I presume, already given your Excellency a faint idea of our state. Yet the cup of our misery has only within the last fortnight been filled up. Not a single ounce of meal or any out-door relief has been administered for the last ten days. Our poorhouse contains over two thousand inmates: of these, nine hundred are children of a delicate frame and constitution: yet the young as well as the old are fed on turnips for the last week. Thousands from the neighbouring parishes, deprived of out-door relief, crowd about the Union workhouses: there disappointed, they surround the houses of the shopkeepers and struggling farmer: and their lamentations-their hunger shrieks-are truly heart-rending. But, my Lord, I am gratified to say that no property is touched – no threat held forth. I know whole families in this town to lie down on their beds of straw, determined rather to starve than to steal. It is true that no means are left untried to alleviate their miseries by many, very many, charitable persons, of whom it may be said that, if they could coin their hearts into gold, they would give it to the poor in their present extreme necessity. Yet what avail their efforts to meet the present awful destitution!

It was determined that a public meeting would be held to address your Excellency: but when a report-alas! A true report- reached us, that thirty-five paupers from Moyarta parish, a distance of fifteen miles, in the hope to be relieved at the workhouse, were all-all drowned whilst crossing a narrow ferry, I considered it my duty not to lose a moment in communicating to your Excellency our awful situation, which may be imagined but cannot be described. One week more, and no food! The honest, peaceable poor of this district fall like leaves in autumn.

I feel, in thus addressing your Excellency, I take a bold step: but your sympathy for the poor has encouraged me. Never, never be it said, that during your Excellency's Administration half the population in a remote and wretched district were suffered to starve. I write in a hurry- I write in confusion. My house at this moment is surrounded by a crowd of poor persons, whose blood has become water, seeking relief. Which alas! I cannot bestow.

Anxiously and confidently expecting at your Excellency's hands a remedy, I have the honour to be your Excellency's obedient and humble servant,”
Timothy Kelly, P.P., Kilrush, to.

1849 Tuesday December 18th -----His Excellency's Reply from Dublin Castle. --
“Sir. -In acknowledging the receipt of your memorial, the Lord-Lieutenant has directed me to state that his Excellency has received with deep regret, the intelligence of the melancholy loss of life, which has occurred at the ferry of Kilrush, and of the destitution stated to prevail in that Union. He regrets that the Guardians have not put rates in course of collection, from which funds could be afforded for the relief of the poor, the responsibility of providing which rests with that body. Your communication has been referred to the Poor Law Commissioners. I am, sir, your most obedient humble servant,
T.N. Redington.

1849 Tuesday 18th December (LR).
Kilrush Union.
A most heart-rending scene occurred within two miles of the town about 4 o'clock on Tuesday:
The ferry-boat at Cammogue on Moyasta Bay in crossing, was upset with 41 persons on board, five of whom were taken up alive by another boat and are likely to recover: Thirty one bodies were found on the strand that morning and five were missing. Those persons were returning from Kilrush market with provisions for their families? -------------.
Great Excitement in Kilrush.

Michael Brew alias “Bomber” and Geo Taylor his son-in-law, Dr Donovan and Colonel Vandeleur were severally pelted with mud and missiles and hooted, at every place they made their appearance on Friday, on account of the outdoor relief being stopped to 14,000 recipients. The town is in danger and guarded by policemen who move constantly through the streets. The excitement is immense.

1849 Monday 24th December (CJ).
Kilrush Union- Saturday. Colonel Vandeleur in the Chair.

1850 Monday 4th February (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians - Saturday. Colonel Vandeleur in the Chair.

1850 Monday 25th February (CJ).
Clare Assizes-Ennis
Grand Jury---------Col C M Vandeleur Kilrush House.

1850 Thursday 28th March (CJ).
Kilrush Union. We have had occasion so frequently to expose the lying statement made by the Limerick Examiner and his anonymous correspondent in reference to the Kilrush Board of Guardians and the Kilrush Union generally ----------- indeed the Chairman is most indefatigable in this duty and not only so but even Lady Grace Vandeleur has herself visited the house inspecting all its departments and the quality of the food supplied to the inmates in order to be fully assured that there was no condition for the strange statements published on the subject.----------------.

1850 Gleanings in the west of Ireland.[60]
Notice to the Ratepayers of the Kilrush Electoral Division

As this Electoral Division is much aggrieved by the large influx of Vagrants and paupers from other Districts, seeking Lodging and Subsistence in this Town, as stated in the Memorial lately presented to me by the Inhabitants, I HEREBY CAUTION ALL PERSONS HOLDING SMALL TENEMENTS UNDER ME, that if they persevere in harbouring Vagrants and pauper families in their houses, not belonging to this Division, I shall be obliged strictly to enforce the penalties TO WHICH THEY ARE SUBJECT BY THEIR AGREEMENTS, and take such other proceedings as may be necessary to prevent the settlement of persons who may become chargeable to this Division, so as to protect both the Rate-payers and the Labourers from undue competition with strangers :and request the active co-operation of all classes to enforce these regulations, and assist me in protecting OUR MUTUAL INTERESTS, by preventing abuses, supporting our own poor, and thereby reducing the taxation.
CROFTON M.VANDELEUR, Kilrush House, April 21st, 1850.
N.B.-Every pauper allowed to settle, may add £4 per Annum additional to your Rates.

1850 Monday 13th MAY (CJ).
To the Editor of the Clare Journal

Dear Sir- As I see you have noticed the attack made upon me by the Freeman's Journal for attempting to save myself and the inhabitants of this town from the influx of strange paupers----as it cannot be supported by even such humane men as the Editor of the Limerick Examiner and the Freeman's Journal that a proprietor would quietly submit to have paupers of all the neighbouring electoral divisions shipped on him and his tenants without a struggle. Believe me to be Yours Faithfully--- Crofton Moore Vandeleur.

1850 Monday 20th May (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians—Meeting on Saturday Col Vandeleur in the Chair.

1850 Monday 27th May (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians—Meeting on Saturday Col Vandeleur in the Chair.

1850 Monday 22nd July (CJ).
Kilrush School- We have been much gratified on several occasions in visiting this school which is under the Board of Erasmus Smyth and on which Colonel Vandeleur is a patron-------------The female school which is under the immediate patronage of the Lady Grace Vandeleur and is exclusively supported by her Ladyship------upwards of 100 children attend this school.

1850 Monday 5th Aygyst (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians—Meeting on Saturday Col Vandeleur in the Chair.

1850 Thursday 22nd August (CJ).
---Alleged case of illegal relief charged upon Mr Cox.

1850 Monday 26th August (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians—Meeting on Saturday Col Vandeleur in the Chair.

1850 Monday 2nd September (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians—Meeting on Saturday Col Vandeleur in the Chair.

1850 Thursday 5th September (CJ).
Riot in Kilrush Workhouse. Shortly after Colonel Vandeleur left the Boardroom on yesterday a riot took place in the workhouse-------.

1850 Monday 16th September (CJ).
Kilrush Saturday September 14th: The Lord Bishop of Killaloe arrived here on Wednesday evening by steamer---------they stayed at Kilrush House where a select party had been invited by Colonel Vandeleur to meet his Lordship ---------.

1850 Monday 21st October (CJ).
Kilrush Petty Sessions: On the bench –Col Vandeleur and James Little Esq. R M.

1850 Monday 11th November (CJ).
Kilrush Union.
Court on Queens Bench-Friday.
Criminal information-The Kilrush Union the Queen at the prosecution of Crofton Moore Vandeleur Esq, a Arthur Edward Kennedy--------.

1850 Monday 16th December (CJ).
Our Kilrush correspondent states, “in a late number of the Journal it was stated that Colonel Vandeleur and Lady Grace Vandeleur had left Kilrush for Dublin”. I wish to correct this mistake as they and family are at home as usual. Col Vandeleur is daily engaged at the workhouse and among his tenantry and seldom leaves home unless on immediate business.

1851 Monday 3rd February (CJ).
Kilrush Union-meeting of the Board of Guardians-Col Vandeleur in the Chair. Out-Door Relief: The Chairman proposed the following resolution which was unanimously accepted: “That the Guardians with great regret, are themselves compelled from increasing pressure and want of accommodation to give out-door relief: and that they now confine it to widows with two or more legitimate children, and to sick and infirm people who are not able to be removed to the Workhouse.

1851 Monday 10th February (CJ).
Kilrush Petty Sessions-- on the Bench Col Vandeleur------.

1851 Monday 24th February (CJ).
Clare Spring Assizes---Grand Jury: Col C M Vandeleur of Kilrush House—foreman.

1851 Thursday 20th March (CJ).
Kilrush Union the usual weekly meeting of the Guardians was held on Saturday last. Col Vandeleur in the Chair. State of the Union: Number of paupers in the various workhouses during the present week: 5185, Number receiving out-door relief: 2249, Arrears of rates £2794-5s-3d.

The Chairman observed that it would be found that a large number of those returned among the sick could not properly be considered belonging to that class as a number of them had merely sore eyes---- but the best proof that they ought not properly be enumerated on the sick list was to be found in the fact that they were all placed on healthy diets. He suggested that in future the numbers in the house should be classed according to their diet. As to reports of medical men they were not always the best criterion to judge by, as doctors were always anxious to show that they had a great deal to do-----.

1851 Thursday 5th April (CJ).
Kilrush Petty Sessions-- on the Bench Col Vandeleur------.

1851 Monday 7th April (CJ).
Special Meeting of the Board Guardians: Rev S G Osborne's letter to the “Times”. A special meeting of the Kilrush Board of Guardians was held on Thursday for the purpose of taking into consideration the letters relative to the state of the Union, which have lately appeared in the Times from the Rev S G Osborne------.Benjamin Cox Esq occupied the Chair.

A letter was drafted to the editor of the Times and the following resolutions were submitted to the Board. “The foregoing (letter) are simple refutations of this gentleman's facts, as are our admission of suffering and wretchedness---------. The question then arises why the philanthropy of this newspaper letter writer should limit itself to the Union of Kilrush.

1851 Thursday 24th April (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians meeting on Saturday: ---- Benjamin Cox Esq, in the chair.

1851 Thursday 19th June (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians meeting on Saturday: Col C M Vandeleur D L Chairman.

1851 Monday 30th June (CJ).
The Marquis of Conyngham and daughters arrived at Kilkee on Thursday to visit his estates in that neighbourhood. His Lordship was accompanied by his agent Marcus Keane Esq.

1851 Thursday 10th July (CJ).
Clare Assizes—Grand Jury Col C M Vandeleur of Kilrush House-foreman.

1851 Monday 28th (CJ).
Kilrush Petty Sessions—Col Vandeleur on the Bench.

1851 Thursday 7th August (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians meeting on Saturday: ---- Col C M Vandeleur D L Chairman. Emigration of female paupers. A large number of the female inmates having selected for emigration---and 400 of this class now take their departure for a foreign shore----...

1851 Monday 11th August (CJ).
Colonel Vandeleur a Captain Kennedy. In this case which was tried in Cork on Saturday the jury did not agree and were discharged-------------.

1851 Monday 1st September (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians meeting on Saturday: Col C M Vandeleur D L in the chair.

1851 Thursday 11th September (CJ).
Lord and Lady Ebrington and suite have arrived at Kilrush House on a visit to Col. and Lady Grace Vandeleur.

1851 Monday 20th October (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians meeting on Saturday: Col C M Vandeleur D L in the chair.

1851 Thursday 27th November (CJ).
Kilrush Petty Sessions--- Col Vandeleur on the Bench---.

1851 Thursday 4th December (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians meeting on Saturday: Col C M Vandeleur D L in the chair.

1851 Thursday 18th December (CJ).
Kilrush Petty Sessions--- Col Vandeleur on the Bench---.

1851 Monday 22nd December (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians meeting on Saturday: Col C M Vandeleur D L in the chair

1851 Monday 29th December (CJ)
Christmas Day in Kilrush Union Workhouse. ----It appears that when Col Vandeleur and Richard N Donovan Esq with a few other guardians had visited the Board Room on Christmas Eve it was proposed to them to give the paupers a meat dinner, which they immediately agreed to------------.

1851 The wreck of the Edmond at Kilkee (November 1850)[61]
In January 1851, the Royal National Institute for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck awarded silver medals and £7 each to the three Coast Guard men who had done so much on that terrible night. A medal was also awarded to Richard Russell and an award of £2 was given to his servant, Henry Likely. The ship was a complete loss and the wreckage was auctioned off for £180. Several unfortunates who were caught taking property belonging to the passengers and ship from the beach were given stiff prison sentences and others received fines of up to £20 for concealing property from the wreckage. This was in sharp contrast to the result of the case brought by Captain Wilson against one prominent local magistrate accusing him of being party to the robbery of a large amount of material from the wreck. The case was heard at Kilkee in December 1850 and the court, which was presided over by Colonel Vandeleur of Kilrush, included two relatives of the accused on the bench. In spite of the fact that clear and conclusive evidence was given incriminating the accused magistrate the court acquitted him and Colonel Vandeleur ended the case by congratulating him on this happy vindication of his character.

1851 Ships Arriving at Quebec.[62]

Whence From
By whom sent
May 12
Colonel Vandeleur
July 19
Colonel Vandeleur

1852 Thursday 8th January (CJ).
Kilrush Petty Sessions---Col Vandeleur on the Bench

1851 Thursday 22nd January (CJ)
The Union of Kilrush (Editorial).

For years back the eyes of the Empire have been directed towards the Union. Such thrilling accounts of famine, disease and death were wafted about as it were on the breeze---such an utter extirpation of its population was officially reported as having been effected: such despotic landlords had there swayed the iron sceptre of unremitting tyranny over the heads of their expiring victims--- or rather had used the broom of destruction in sweeping themselves and tens of thousand of its devoted population from the face of the earth. --------------. Well: The census returns now published the dreadful truth has at last burst forth to public view. And what do we find? Why that in the famed -the notorious Union of Kilrush: the decrease in population has been just 20% (the number being in 1841 was 64,129 and in 1851, 51,153) –whilst it has been fully one-third (and in some cases more) in other Unions---. On that occasion when it was represented that the Union was almost entirely depopulated Col Vandeleur gave it as his opinion that the decrease (from all causes combined) could not at the utmost exceed 25%. It is now proved that the Col Vandeleur was right. ----. Indeed the evidence of Col Vandeleur and Mr. Marcus Keane (gentlemen of unimpeachable veracity) did much to dispel the delusions under which many well-meaning people at this time laboured------.
(Statistics what they reveal is suggestive but what they conceal is vital. A more accurate measure would be the reduction from 1847 to 1851. A conservative estimate for population of the Union of Kilrush in 1847 would have been at least 15% greater than in 1841, which would equate to over 73,000 therefore the reduction would have been over 22,000 or approximately 30%. Some estimates put the population in 1847 of the Union at 100,000.[63])

1852 Monday 23rd February (CJ).
Clare Spring Assizes---- Grand Jury--- Col C M Vandeleur of Kilrush House D L -foreman.

1852 Monday 8th March (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians meeting on Saturday: ---- Col C M Vandeleur D L in the chair State of the House: In the Workhouse on the 27th February 4017, admitted 104, discharged 39, born 1, died 10, remaining in the Workhouse 4073. Weekly cost of each 12½d, fever hospital is 9d, infirmary is 10¼d.

1852 Monday 29th March (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians first meeting of the newly elected Board----The former chairman Col Vandeleur D L was unanimously elected for the coming year.

1852 Monday 1oth May (CJ).
Colonel Vandeleur address. We present to our readers today the address of Col Vandeleur of Kilrush to the electors of the County. ---as a matter of course an address was expected from Col Vandeleur but we cannot help thinking that any declaration of that gentleman's principles was wholly unnecessary to the electors of Clare. They know his character well--.

1852 Monday 28th June (CJ).
Clare Summer Assizes—Grand Jury—Col C M Vandeleur of Kilrush House.

1852 Monday 30th August (CJ).
Kilrush Union Board of Guardians meeting on Saturday: Col C M Vandeleur D L in the chair

1852 Thursday 2nd September (CJ).
Kilrush Petty Sessions---magistrates presiding---Col Vandeleur D L.

1852 Thursday 9th December (CJ).
Col Vandeleur left on Tuesday for London.

1852 General Election.[64]
In the general election Vandeleur was defeated by only two votes for the second seat. He then successfully appealed to a parliamentary committee to have the election declared null and void. In the next election held in the summer of 1853 Vandeleur was again defeated, this time more decisively.

1853 Thursday 13th January (CJ).
Kilrush Literary and Scientific Institute.
On the 24th ultimo, Dr John Barker commenced a course of lectures on experimental philosophy in the market-house Kilrush, to a numerous and respected audience. Col Vandeleur occupied the chair.

1853 Monday 14th February (CJ).
Kilrush Literary and Scientific Institute.
At the usual meeting of the Institute on the 4th instant the Secretary read the following letters and handed in Colonel Vandeleur's cheque for £5 the enclosure in that gentleman's letter. Sir, I have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter enclosing the kind resolutions of the members of the Institute to whom I beg you will express my thanks. I shall be always most happy to assist them in promoting the course of science and beg now to enclose my subscription which I shall have much pleasure in continuing.
The Sec &c
Crofton Moore Vandeleur.

1853 Monday 21st February (CJ).
Clare Spring Assizes--------- Grand Jury, --------------- Col C M Vandeleur, Kilrush House.

1853 Thursday 3rd March (CJ).
To the Editor of the Clare Journal: Emigration and Agriculture.
Sir, Where or when or what can stop the fearful emigration of this County-or where shall we find labourers in the seed time? ------------- The friends of many poor starved creatures, cottiers and labourers, whom Colonel Vandeleur so generously sent out to America in 1848 and 1852 have been for some time past remitting money to their relations in this parish, and thus we are now daily losing all our servant boys and girls--------- I remain a worried farmer, Kilrush, 1st March 1853.

1853 Monday 21st March (CJ).
Kilrush Union- March 12th, State of the Workhouse:

In the House 2757
Admitted 93
Discharged 100
Died 8
Remaining 2732

1853 Monday 20th June (CJ).
The Election: Meeting of the Roman Catholic Clergy.
---------We understand that they were unanimous in their opposition to Colonel Vandeleur and in agreeing to give their support to the liberal candidates.
Kilrush Union------------State of the workhouse---------------remaining---2482.

1853 Thursday 23rd June (CJ).
A correspondent states that his (Crofton M Vandeleur) entry into Kilrush on Tuesday was most triumphant. He was met by nearly 5,000 people and his canvass there was very successful----. The Roman Catholic soldiers of Capt. Trevor's company 14th at Kilrush, where ordered out of the chapel on Sunday last when the priest began to address his congregation about the Clare Election.

1853 Thursday 7th July (CJ).
Clare Summer Assizes--- Grand Jury---Col Crofton Moore Vandeleur—foreman.

1853 Thurssday 21st July (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Board of Guardians meeting on Saturday--- Col Vandeleur in the Chair.

1853 Thursday 4th August (CJ).
The Regatta at Kilrush: The Caroline yacht which is very tastefully fitted out for the approaching regatta cruised down the river on yesterday week, having its owner and his sons on board whose active patronage of the approaching aquatic fete give éclat to every proceeding connected therewith.

1853 Thursday 11th August (CJ).
Kilrush Union---Board of Guardians meeting-----Col Vandeleur in the chair.

1853 Thursday 29th September (CJ).
Kilrush Union---Board of Guardians meeting-----Col Vandeleur in the chair.

1853 Thursday 20th October (CJ).
Kilrush Union---Board of Guardians meeting-----Col Vandeleur in the chair.

1853 Thursday 3rd November (CJ).
Kilrush Union---Board of Guardians meeting-----Col Vandeleur in the chair.

1853 Thursday 19th November (CJ).
Kilrush Union---Board of Guardians meeting-----Col Vandeleur in the chair.

1853 Thursday 1st December (CJ).
Kilrush Petty Sessions---------on the Bench Colonel Vandeleur.

1853 Thursday 8th December (CJ).
Kilrush Union---Board of Guardians meeting-----Col Vandeleur in the chair.

No references to Vandeleur in 1854
(It would appear that they were not in Kilrush)

1854 Monday 27th February (CJ).
Kilrush Union: State of the Workhouse-----------remaining 1597

1854 Thursday 14th August (CJ).
Kilrush Union: State of the Workhouse-----------remaining 1445.

1854 Thursday 21st September (CJ).
Kilrush Union: State of the Workhouse-----------remaining 1011.

1855 Thursday 4th January (CJ).
Local Intelligence.
Clare Militia, -------------appointed Colonel C.M. Vandeleur: Lieut. Col. Francis McNamara.

1855 Monday 29th January (CJ).
Kilrush Union:
To be let or the interest sold the concerns at present occupied as an auxiliary workhouse at Leadmore.
And capable of containing 1400 persons these premises were originally used as a distillery and comprise a large double store, in thorough repair: Dwelling house, offices, garden and lawn suitable for a private residence: and the distillery and quay containing over 200sq ft.

The concerns are held under a lease dated 27th January 1849, for a term of 930 years with a three months clause of surrender subject to a yearly rent of £150.

The premises are situate at the mouth of the creek of Kilrush Harbour and are admirably adopted for corn provision or distillery trade. A large sum has been expended by the guardians in the improvement of the concerns, which are in thorough order and repair.

Any further information required will be afforded an application at my office here.
E.J. Kennedy, Clerk of the Union. 4th September 1854.
(The sea-weed factory premises beside the Kilrush marina…. see the inscription on the factory wall)

1855 Monday 26th February (CJ).
Ennis Assizes.
Court House Ennis- On Friday the Grand Jury was sworn at 2 o'clock pm. before Capt. C. G. O’Callaghan, High Sheriff in the Clare Court- the following answered their names,
Foreman-Col...Vandeleur, Kilrush House-----.

1855 Thursday 15th March (CJ).
Col. Vandeleur, who has been with the Clare Militia since being embodied, left Clare Castle on Saturday for Leamington.

1855 Kilrush Convent.[65]
------The people of West Clare had spoken through their generous contributions. They wanted the Sisters of Mercy in their midst. Meanwhile several practical issues had to be addressed. One of these was the problem of accommodation for the Sisters. Colonel Crofton Moore Vandeleur, the local landlord whose ancestors had planned and executed the orderly development of the town, had donated a site for the parish Church in 1839. Hoping that he would be equally generous on this occasion. Richard Foley, on behalf of the Convent Committee, wrote to him in Baden, Germany, outlining the proceedings of earlier meetings and requesting a site for a convent. However, he refused to grant a site. On his return to Kilrush he was unwilling to meet a delegation. This refusal angered the townspeople and when a meeting was being held in the Protestant Church a sizeable crowd gathered outside booing and hissing. There was some commotion, the riot act was read and one man was taken to the Bridewell but was later rescued by an irate crowd.

It was then proposed to build the Convent in the Chapel yard but before making a final decision the Committee decided that a delegation of his friends should call on Vandeleur in the name of all the Catholics of Kilrush. Michael McInerney, Daniel Bulger, Michael Mescall, Batt Glynn, Denis Hynes, Charles McDonnell and Joseph McMahon pleaded their cause but to no avail. Vandeleur still refused, giving as his reason the opposition he met from the priests of Clare in past elections. He also felt that the Jesuit Fathers were brought in to undermine his influence and even suggested, “that Kilrush did not need nuns except for the honour and glory of it”. Furthermore if the parish priest built the convent in the Chapel yard he would eject him. -----------------.

In June 1861 Colonel Vandeleur, accompanied by Fr. Kelly and Dr. William Foley, visited the community in Frances St. After some preliminary conversation he addressed the Sisters: Ladies, the object of my visit at this early hour is to present a site for the new convent and I have come prepared to leave the choice entirely to yourselves. He then pointed out three sites and, after a few moments in reflection, all were unanimous in their choice. The lease, later presented by Vandeleur read: --- I, Colonel Vandeleur, give for the purpose of a convent a site as described on the map, 300 feet in front by 400 feet in depth, which convent when erected to be used by the Sisters of Mercy, at a yearly rent of five shillings for a term of 999 years. -----------------------------------------------

In 1897 with permission from Hector Vandeleur the grounds in front were extended and a boundary wall erected.

1855 Thursday 10th May (CJ).
Board of Guardians;
Saturday May 5th in the Chair. Col C.M. Vandeleur.

1855 Monday 23rd July (CJ).
Kilrush and Kilkee Railway.

A meeting of the provisional committee and promoters of this project which was numerously and respectably attended was held in the Court House of Kilrush on Tuesday 10th inst. among those present were Col. C.M. Vandeleur, D.L., H.T. Burton, D.L., James Studdert, J.P., Richard Studdert, J.P., Dr Donovan, J.P., R.H. Borough, J.P., Francis N. Keane, J.P., Messrs Matt Kelly, manager National Bank, John Kelly and Wm Blair, Bryan Purcell, W.M. Blennerhasset, Benjamin Cox, John McDonnell, Thomas Studdert and several other influential residents and traders both in Kilrush and Kilkee. The Chair was taken by Crofton Moore Vandeleur.

--------Col Vandeleur then addressed the meeting at some length in support of the railway, which he said would be highly beneficial both to Kilrush and Kilkee particularly to the latter town which was rapidly rising in public estimation as a watering place, but the progress of which was materially retarded by the difficulty of reaching it from Kilrush.

1856 Thom’s Dublin Directory.
Rutland Square east, 4 Crofton Vandeleur, valuation £155.
Rutland Square east, 13 Col John Vandeleur, valuation £95.

1856 Monday 28th January (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians—in the Chair Thomas Chambers Esq D V C and subsequently Colonel C M Vandeleur D L.

1856 Monday 18th February (CJ).
Col. and Lady Grace Vandeleur left Kilrush House on Monday for their residence at 4 Rutland Square, Dublin.
Active exertions are being used by the inhabitants of Kilrush to establish public markets on a larger scale in their town and also to increase the numbers of fairs held there throughout the year.

1856 Monday 28th April (CJ).
Kilrush Workhouse--------------remaining 723.

1856 Monday 28th April (CJ).
Lady Grace Vandeleur Soirée Dansante:
Lady Grace Vandeleur entertained a large and fashionable company on Thursday evening at number 4 Rutland Square. The Soirée was of the most brilliant character and the elite of the rank and fashion now in the metropolis having honoured her Ladyship on the occasion. Dancing was kept up with great spirit until a early dawn. There were about two hundred present. The following were among the company that attended: Earl and Countess Clonmel, Lord Bellew and the Hon. Miss Bellew, Lord and Lady Clanmorris and the Hon. Miss Persse, Lord Kilmaine and Lady Kilmaine and the Hon. Miss Browne, Sir Hugh and Lady Dillon Massy, Lady Barrington, Lady Fanny Cole and the Misses Cole, Lady Avonmore and the Misses Yelverton, Lady Louth, Lady Janet Waldron and Miss Waldron, Sir Thomas and Lady Grisley, Hon., Mrs Catherine and Miss Catherine? Colonel Vandeleur,Mrs Vandeleur and the Misses Vandeleur. Col. and Mrs Graham, Mr Barrington and the Misses Barrington, Hon. Col. Lowther and Miss Lowther, Col. Plunkett, Col Wood, Col. Doyle, Major Massy and Miss Bellew, Major Dickson, Mrs Whyte, Mrs Baggot, Captain Monck, Captain Walmesley, the Hon. Mrs and Misses Handcock, Hon. Mrs Whyte &c &c.

1856 Monday 26th May (CJ).
A large and interesting meeting of the inhabitants and trades of Kilrush (Admiral Studdert in the Chair) was being held last week for the purpose of establishing packets for the conveyance of goods to and from Limerick and Kilrush. The utmost unanimity prevailed. Shares to the amount of £500 were subscribed for, a committee was formed, officers appointed and the “Jessy” purchased from Mr. Blair.

1856 Monday 23rd June (CJ).
Lady Grace and Miss Vandeleur had dinner with the Lord Lieutenant on Thursday.

1856 Monday 7th July (CJ).
Ennis Summer Assizes----------Grand Jury-Col C M Vandeleur Kilrush House—foreman.

1857 Monday 19th January (CJ).
Festivities at Kilrush House. (From our special reporter).
--------- On making enquiries – the rejoicing which was to take place in consequence of Lieutenant Hector S Vandeleur the eldest son of Col and Lady Grace Vandeleur coming of age on Sunday next were to be spread over three days instead of taking place on that day. The programme of the proceedings run as follows:
Great Ball and supper this evening at Kilrush House to which all the nobility and gentry----.
Tomorrow evening another Ball and supper to which the tradesmen of the town and the household will join in---.

On Saturday –general holiday games, illuminations, fireworks &c--- on which I enclose a printed prospectus. ----

The Ball was attended by Lord Dunboyne, The Hon. Miss Butler, Knappogue Castle---------.
(Three newspaper columns are then taken up describing the festivities under the following headings) Rustic Games: Donkey Race: Foot Race: The Labourers Dinner: The Fireworks: The Illuminations: Torchlight Procession.

1857 Monday 23rd February (CJ).
Clare Spring Assizes: Grand Jury-- Col C M Vandeleur-foreman.

1857 Thursday 14th May (CJ).
94th Clare Militia: An elegant gold watch bearing the following inscription “Presented to Sergeant Major Hewson by Colonel Vandeleur, Lt Col. MacNamara and the officers of the Clare Militia” was presented to this non-commissioned-officer at the Club-House on the 13th inst.

1857 Thursday 9th July (CJ).
Clare Summer Assizes—Grand Jury- Col C M Vandeleur – foreman.

1858 Thursday 7th January (CJ).
Second annual meeting of the Kilrush Gas Company--- accounts showing a profit of £150-4-7½. Signed: William Foley M D and Michael McDonnell Secretary.

1858 Monday 22nd February (CJ).
Clare Spring Assizes: Grand Jury –Col C M Vandeleur – Grand Jury.

1858 Monday 22nd March (CJ).
Kilrush Union---------------Number of inmates 414.

1858 Thursday 15th April (CJ).
Kilrush Union: Col. C M Vandeleur JP DL, Richard Studdert Esq JP, Thomas Studdert Esq, having been respectively proposed and seconded for the office of Chairman, Vice Chairman and Deputy Vice Chairman were unanimously re-elected for the coming year.
The following gentlemen were appointed members of the finance committee Col CM Vandeleur----.

1858 Thursday 3rd June (CJ).
We understand Col Vandeleur will arrive at his residence Kilrush House on tomorrow from Dublin.

1858 Thursday 10th June (CJ).
Kilrush Petty Sessions: Magistrates present---Col C M Vandeleur chairman.

1858 Monday 21st june (CJ).
Kilrush Petty Sessions: Magistrates present---Col C M Vandeleur chairman.

1858 Monday 8th August (CJ).
The Clare Militia: Our Regiment underwent inspection in the barrack square on Friday morning at 11 o'clock by Col. Stack Commandant of the Depot Battalion at Limerick---Col Vandeleur, Lieut. Col. MacNamara and the officers of the regiment were present--.

1858 Thursday 28th October (CJ).
Kilrush Workhouse----------------------inmates 270.

1858 Thursday 11th November (CJ).
Killadysert Petty Sessions: Adjourned Road Sessions: -- Col C M Vandeleur in the Chair.

1858 Thursday 11th November (CJ).
On Tuesday a very influential meeting was held in Kilrush at Smiths Hotel respecting the proposed line of railway between Kilrush and Kilkee--- Col Vandeleur in the Chair.

1858 Clare Journal November 18th 1858[66]
At Cappa Lodge, Kilrush, Mr. Samuel Lomas, former proprietor of the Vandeleur Arms Hotel.
(See Appendix 3 Vandeleur Leases for Kilrush 24th March 1818 & 25th February 1835).

1858 Monday 22nd November (CJ).
Kilrush Board of Guardians—Saturday. Col. C M Vandeleur in the Chair.

1858 Monday 13th December (CJ).
Kilrush v Ennis. In our columns will be found a report of the Kilrush Gas Company in which they have declared a dividend of 5% though paying a £1 per ton for coal. This is an extraordinary feat and highly creditable to the Kilrush Company and its officials ---the same exerts would follow in Ennis and would say to our company “go and do likewise”.

1859 Thursday 17th February (CJ)
Proceedings at the Kilrush Union-Colonel Vandeleur occupying the chair. --The Board after some discussion ordered the Matron to be prosecuted and passed a resolution calling on the Clerk to resign. ----------and also passed a vote of thanks to the Chairman Colonel Vandeleur for the care and attention he has bestowed on the affairs of the Union.

1859 Thursday 24th February (CJ).
Clare Spring Assizes. Grand Jury---Col.C.M. Vandeleur Kilrush House----.

1859 Monday 7th March (CJ).
Kilrush Union-Saturday. Guardians present: Ex-officio-Colonel Vandeleur presiding, Henry S Burton, Jonas Studdert, Admiral Studdert, Richard Studdert, R H Borough S O'Gorman and Thomas Keane Esqs.

1859 Monday 2nd May (CJ).
Great demonstration in Kilrush in favour of Colonel Vandeleur. On Saturday evening Colonel Vandeleur accompanied by Henry S Burton Esq Carrigaholt Castle arrived in Kilrush amidst the acclamation of the assembled thousands who for some time were anxiously waiting his arrival from Ennis. The gallant Colonel was met at Tullycrine school-house by upwards of 5000 people and the horses were taken from the carriage which was drawn into town five miles distant by the people. On his arrival in sight of the town the enthusiasm of the multitude knew no bounds. After some time the cheering subsided when the Colonel addressed the people from his carriage, by whom his remarks were most enthusiastically received. They were subsequently addressed by Dr. Foley and Mr. Moody. We needlessly add that from Loophead to Clonderlaw Bay the Colonel will have immense support as the tenants and farmers and people in that extensive district are well aware of the deep interest the gallant Colonel has taken in the improvement of his vast estate. In truth the happy and prosperous condition of his own tenantry amongst which he spends his life and fortune is the best commentary upon his character as a good landlord and fit representative for his native county.

1859 Monday 9th May (CJ).
County Election-Saturday. The Nomination ---- Ennis. -----The Rev Daniel Corbett PP of Quinn on coming forward to propose Francis McNamara Calcutt was received with great cheering---- (Cheers for Colonel White groans and cries of “We will hear everyone but Vandeleur, let him go home we don't want him”) --- (Cheers and cries of “Turn out Vandeleur the stirabout eater”) While for even cheers for Calcutt then turn out Vandeleur the souper. A voice-”we don't want Vandeleur the Sixmilebridge murderer; turn out the assassin the souper”. A voice-”Vandeleur what about Shanakyle?” (Uproar) A voice- “We won't have Vandeleur the assassin” (continued uproar). Another voice-”go home Vandeleur”. -------------- Captain George O'Callaghan rose to propose Colonel Vandeleur but such was the din and uproar that prevailed he was totally inaudible. Dr. Foley seconded –Colonel Vandeleur.

1859 Thusday 12th May (CJ).
Election Result: Vandeleur 3829, White 2234, Calcutt 1999.

1859 Thursday 9th June (IT).
Elvidge's Royal Hotel, Kildare Street: Arrivals-------Mrs Captain Vandeleur and suite--------.

1859 Monday 5th December (CJ).
Hector Vandeleur Esq, Rifle Brigade eldest son and heir of Colonel Vandeleur M P is at present on a visit to Kilrush House. Colonel C M Vandeleur M P family and suite arrived at Kilrush House on Tuesday 28th ult. We are happy to announce that the gallant and honourable member is in excellent health.


Vandeleur References
2.1 c.1750 – 1839
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Vandeleur References
2.3 1860 – 1879