|Clare County Library
|List of Freeholders
[including landlords and tenants]: County of Clare, 1821
This List of Freeholders contains the names of landholders who were registered to vote in County Clare in 1821. A freeholder was a man who owned his land outright (in fee) or who held it by lease which could be for one or more lives (for example, his own life or for the lives of other people named in the lease). A significant percentage of the population was included in freeholders' lists in the time period covered by this list (1796-1820), when both Catholic and Protestant 40 shilling freeholders were qualified to vote. A 40 shilling freeholder held a freehold worth at least 40 shillings per annum above the rent, enabling the inclusion of substantial farmers in the voters’ list. In 1829 the franchise level was increased to 10 pounds (there were 20 shillings in a pound), thus barring the 40 shilling freeholders whom Daniel O’Connell had mobilized and consequently confining the vote to landlords.
Because of destroyed records and the lack of census material covering the 19th Century, freeholders’ lists are a valuable census substitute. This 1821 List provides a range of information about people and land ownership: Name of freeholder; Address of freeholder (Place of Abode); Location of freehold (Situation of Freehold); Name of landlord; Value of freehold (given in either shillings (s) or pounds (l)); Names of other lives associated with the lease i.e. generally tenants (Names of Lives or other Tenure); Date of freeholder’s registration.
The names of the freeholders
are given here as they appear in the original document i.e. by Barony,
arranged by the first letter of the surname, the names being entered
chronologically, as each freeholder was registered. We also arrange
each Barony alphabetically by the location of the freehold, i.e. by
townland. In addition, we provide separate alphabetical lists of all
Freeholders, Tenants and Landlords, c.35,000 individuals in all.
Freeholders arranged by Barony
Baronies arranged by Townland