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|The O'Davorens of Cahermacnaughten, Burren, Co. Clare by Dr. George U. Macnamara|
1. I have been told that it was Augustine Moran, of Willbrook, (ob. 1869) who first gave it the name of ‘Corkscrew’ when it was being made.
2. Gleann fhairge – ‘Glen of the Sea.’
3. Mac Neachtain i.e. ‘son of Neachtan.’ The Gaelic name Neachtan is philologically identical with the latin Neptunus, which latter has undergone the well-known P change. The root necht (nept) meaning ‘clean’ (Corm. gloss) is closely connected with the idea of water, hence Neptunus, god of the sea. Compare the Vedic apâm napât ‘offspring of water.’ Dr. O Shrader, however, Prehist. Antiq. of the Aryan Peoples (trans. by F. P. Jevons M.A., p. 412), positively asserts that the name Neptunus has no connection with this phrase. Like Poseidón, Neptunus had equestrian accomplishments, and so had their Gaelic counterpart, for Irish legend tells of the white-maned horses of Manannan mac Lir, one of the Gaelic Neptunes, which is but a poetical term for the foam-topped waves of the sea.
5. O.S. Letters Vol. II; p. 226-7.
7. Conor O’Brien, of Ballyportry, died 20th March, 1614, leaving a son, Teige, 17 years of age, who, about 1619, exchanged Ballyportry for Ballymurphy (Par. of Noughaval) with Donough, 4th Earl of Thomond. (Vide Inq. Frost’s Hist. of Clare, p. 320). In 1641 Ballyportry belonged to Conor, son of Donough O'Brien (of Leimanegh?).
8. In Pub. Rec. Office, Dub.
9. Vide will and codicil of John Davoren, of Ennis, Pub. Rec. Dub. Father Conor Moylan was P.P. of Kilnaboy in 1704. Dr. Willam O’Daly held the same office in 1721, and was probably succeeded by Dean Ignatious O’Donoghue, who had charge of the parish in 1725. Then comes an interval in the history of the parishes of Kilnaboy and Rath about which we know very little, until the pastorship of the above Father Cosnui O’Davoran, who died, as stated, some time between July, 1757 and February, 1760. Another blank in the records of about 40 years then occurs, ending with the death of the Rev. John Finucane P.P. on the 28th January, 1799 (Ennis Chronicle, 1st February, 1799). The Rev. John O'Neill was P.P. in the early part of the 19th century, and ruled the parishes just before the Rev John Murphy who took office in January, 1818. This remarkable man was born in Newmarket-on-Fergus in 1790, was ordained in 1814, and died at Lisdoonvarna, September 9th, 1831. He it was who built the Catholic church of Corofin, dedicated to St. Brigid, in 1822, the first modern Catholic church of any architectural pretensions erected in the county of Clare. Father Murphy was a man of high mental powers and of great force of character, idolized by his flock, and his name is held in great veneration still. To him in a great measure O’Connell owed his successful return as M.P. for Clare, and to honour and commemorate his memory, certain leading men in Dublin, including Richard O’Gorman and O’Gorman Mahon, soon after his death, presented the Catholic church of Corofin with an engraved memorial chalice which is still in use. Father Murphy was succeeded by the Rev. Patrick O’Gorman in October, 1831. He resigned his charge in 1834 for some other parish, and the Rev. Stephen Walsh was appointed in his place. Father Walsh was a native of Waterford where he died in 1862, in which year he was succeeded by the Rev. James McMahon. The latter died in 1882 aged 62 years, when the present incumbent, the Very Rev. Canon Michael O’Donovan, was appointed P.P. of Kilnaboy and Rath.
10. Transactions of the Gaelic Society, p. 27, Dublin, 1808. Introduction to ‘Advice to a Prince,’ (Donough, 4th End of Thomond from 1580 to 1624), by Tadg mac Daire.
11. Doonogan, Par. of Kilmurry Ibrickan, which place Tadhg mac Daire held by virtue of his office of Ollamh to O’Brien, Earl of Thomond but no longer a ‘Prince.’
12. O’Flanagan was not justified in this assumption, for the fact that the story came to him through the medium of Irish is no proof whatever that the Cromwellian ruffian spoke that tongue.
13. He therefore met with a similar fate to that great Irish scholar and historian, Dubhaltach mac Firbisigh, who was cruelly and wantonly slain at Dunflin, Co. Sligo, in 1670, by one Crofton (O’C’s MM p. 122).
Hist. of Clare, p. 473.
15.Mr. Reilly was a native of the north of Ireland who had settled down in Ennistymon, and, like Dubhaltach macFirbisigh and Tadhg macDaire, met with a violent death. He was poisoned by rat-poison, probably arsenic, accidentally put in a cake of which he partrtook, sometime in the early fifties of the last century, and his books and MSS. were scattered to the four winds of heaven.
16. Ord. Survey Letters, 1839, R.I.A.
17. Vide Mr. J. Frost's Hist. of Clare, pp. 18-20.
18. Vide Mr. Frost's Hist. of Clare, 391.
19. Father Shearman, however, gives them a descent from Lughaid, son of Cas, son of Conall eachluath, thus making the O'Davorens a Dál-gCais sept. See Chart Pedigree Journ. Arch. Soc., Vol. IV., 1878, p. 408.
20. Long before this date, however, one of the sept gave his name to Cora mhic Dhabhoirenn, ‘weir of mac Dabhoireann,’ now Curraghvicburrion, or Kells Bridge, 2 ½ miles cast of Corofin, for this ancient ford is so called in connection with events of 1317, by John mac Rory McGrath in Caithréim Thoirdhalbhaigh.
21. Heaven only knows what this man's real Christian name was. The mania for substituting foreign and ridiculous names for the genuine Irish ones when speaking English, commenced at an earlier time than is generally supposed.
22. The Lisdoonvarna mac Giollaphadraigs, alias Fitzpatricks, were, according to a funeral entry in Ulster Office, a branch of the Ossory family (vide ‘Loca Patriciana,’ by Rev. J. F. Shearman, Journal of the Historical and Archeological Association Ireland (now R. S. A. I.) 1878, p. 397). From it we learn that Diarmaid mac Giollaphadraig died at Limerick S.P. on 21sh September, 1637. His younger brother, Finghin, of Lisdoonvarna, was a member of the Kilkenny Parliament, and consequently outlawed and his estates forfeited. He built the Castle of Lisdoonvarna, now totally ruined, in 1619. This Finghin was the son of Finghin, of Drumsalach, Co. Clare (probably Drumsillagh, alias Sallybank, Par. of Kilseily), son of Diarmaid, son of Giolladubh, who was a lineal descendant of Conchobar, King of Ossory, brother to Domhnall mór who built Jerpoint Abbey in 1185. Father Shearman states (ibid) that one Dermot FitzPatrick, who got a grant of 411 acres in Co. Clare, was probably a son of Finin, of Lisdoonvarna. This must be the Dermot FitzPatrick who got a lease of Drumduff, Gortnagall, and the two Sheshives, in Barony of Clonderlaw, from the Earl of Thomond in 1681, and was slain in ‘rebellion,’ 1691, probably at Limerick (vide Frost's History of Clare, p. 601). The stone with inscription, stating the Castle of Lisdoonvarna was built by Finin Fitzpatrick, is now inserted into the wall of an outhouse belonging to Mr. John O'Connor, in the townland of Ballytigue, parish of Kilmoon; and a mantelpiece from the same building is in the house of Mr. Austin Neville, townland of Lisdoonvarna. [For correction, see Note 105, below] [Link to Note 105, below] The exact inscription is as follows:
23. This was, I believe, the ‘Donough O'Brien, of Newtown,’ stated by Father Anthony MacBrody to have been burned to death in his old age by the Cromwellians and whose nephew, James, was hanged at Nenagh (vide Mr. Frost's History of Clare, p. 46). Whoever he was, he must not be confounded with ‘Donough O'Brien, of Newtown,’ High Sheriff of Clare, 1682, who was the son of Tadhg O'Brien (of Dough and Ennistymon), and Mary, daughter of Mortough (son of Turlough) Mac-iBrien-ara, Protestant Bishop of Killaloe.
24. A love-philtre, or more probably a herb having opposite qualities, viz., to cure love.
25. This is the Norman name De Nangle, Gaelicised mac Goisdelbh now Costelloe.
26. Elsewhere Domhnall is addressed: ‘Oh you that make us jump’ i.e. the head master or principal of the academy, whom they all feared but were strangely familiar with.
27. Kindly supplied me by my friend, Mr. R. W. Twigge, F.S.A.
28. Dubhaltach MacFirbisigh (ob. 1670), author of the greatest genealogical work ever penned, is said by Eoghan O'Curry to have studied in Cahermacnaughten in 1595, under Domhnall O'Davoren. (MS. Mat., p. 121). If he founded this statement on anything in Egerton 88, the leaves of which he one time arranged for the binder, I think he was hardly justified. At any rate the Dubhaltach mac Firbisigh, author of the Colophon fol. 86, Egerton 88, wrote it at Park, not at Cahermacnaughten, and belonged to an earlier generation than that of the great genealogist. However, it is possible O'Curry may have had other reasons for his statement unknown to me.
29. According to the official list of townlands, Cahermacnaughten is now in the parish of Rathborney, and not in Noughaval.
30. Clare, the County of the Clár or Plank (bridge), so called in medieval times from a wooden bridge which spanned the Fergus at Ath da Charadh, ‘the ford of two weirs,’ now Clare Castle. The name was most appropriate, for the ancient weirs that preceded the plank bridge, and, doubtless, the bridge itself, were in two sections, resting on a small island in the centre of the river. An Anglo-Norman, named Robert de Muscegros, obtained a fee-farm grant of the district of Tradree from Henry III. in 1248, and to defend his newly-acquired territory built two castles, that of ‘Tradery,’ alias Bunratty, and ‘Ocormok,’ alias Clare Castle. The latter, a little of which still exists, he built on this island in the river about 1251. Vide paper on ‘Inchiquin.’ Journal R.S.A.I., 1901 p. 218. Clare Castle was also known as Clár mór, ‘the great plank’ (bridge). A. F. M., 1558. Another bridge to the west of Ennis is still known as the ‘little plank,’ viz.: Cláirin (Clareen) bridge. In a note by Dr. J. O'Donovan. A. iv. M., 1270, in which year Brian ruadh K.T. took the Castle of Clare from the Anglo-Normans, he considers the old name Clar atha da charadh to mean ‘plain of the ford of the two weirs.’ The above explanation of the name, however, is more in accordance with facts and probabilities. Vide note O'Donoghue's Hist. Mem. of the O'Briens, p. 473. The castle of Clare, which was long used as a military barrack, has, I understand, been very recently sold to a private individual.
31. Lios mhic Taidhg, now the townland of Lismacteige, parish of Rathborney.
32. Lios Dubháin, i.e., Dubhán's fort. Dubhán means ‘dark-complexioned,’ and in the genitive equates exactly with Dobagni found on our Ogam monuments. Lios na luachrainne. This and the preceding cannot now be identified, but, as ‘Lisduane’ and ‘Lisnalogherne,’ they are given in the townland list of proprietors in 1641. They were then in the parish of Rathborney, not Drumcreehy, and were the property of Aodh ua Dabhoireann, one of the parties to this deed. Vide Frost's ‘History of Clare,’ p. 447.
33. Cill cholmain báire. Nothing remains but the supposed site of this ancient church in Kilcorney Parish.
34. Struthán dubh, i.e., the ‘black streamlet,’ so called on account of its water being coloured by the bog through which it flows. It is now a mere trench, but formerly must have been more voluminous, and strong enough to turn a small mill wheel, for it ends near the road in a ‘swallow-hole’, called Poll an mhuilinn.
35. Buaile legana. Unidentified. The name probably signifies the Booley or milking place of the ‘knocking down,’ perhaps for shearing purposes.
36. Urla mór i.e., the big field or tract, with coarse pasture. This place must be the high ground to the north-west of the townland of Cahermacnaughten, which is very coarse and rushy. Of Táin Bó Fráich. Also Glossary to the Altirische Heldensage Táin bó Cúalnge E. Windisch, Leipzig, 1905.
37. Ceathramha mhir = thirty acres, being the fourth part of a Seisreach or ploughland.
38. A mistake of the copyist no doubt.
39. Ceanáit. Literally ‘head-place,’ denoting the particular part of the land on which the residences of the owner and his family stood, and which was more or less common to all; in this case the fort and its annexes.
40. Probably the house site marked (2) on plan.
41. Probably the ruined house about 1000 yards west of the caher, now known as Cabhal tighe breac.
42. Who this red-haired individual was I know not. Giollafeichin means ‘servant of St. Feichin’ of Fobhar (?), now Fore, Co. Wexford, who died A.D. 664. A. F. M.
43. Probably the house-site marked (1) on plan.
44. Fana an tadhaill. Perhaps the ‘slope of the visitation.’ Unidentified.
45. Buaile, a milking fold.
46. Mothar dtortanach, unidentified.
47. Baile, anglicised ‘bally,’ had more than one meaning according to the context. When applied to a division of land it meant twelve seisreachs of six score acres each, according to Keating. Vol. I., p. 113. As baile is the Irish equivalent of ‘home,’ I think it was originally understood that it should have a residence on it in which a family lived to farm, till, and defend it. Here however, it means the Cathair with its group of houses and the surrounding premises, including the faithche or lawn, the buaile and the well.
48. Sdainc. I cannot explain this very obscure law term. The meaning of the passage, however, is that if any person besides one of the two brothers had redeemed a part of the land which was mortgaged, and got possession of it, the other brother had the right of redemption at the end of the term only, and provided he paid up. A sdainc, therefore, appears to have been a certain recognised legal power of a member of the family to veto the alienation of the land, their common inheritance. The Rev. R. Henebry, whose opinion possesses great weight, considers Sdainc to be equivalent to the English ‘stink,’ used originally in the sense of ‘putting a man in bad odour.’ Compare Stancán, a diminutive, meaning, a quarrel.
49. According to my calculation, April 1606 corresponds to the fourth year, not the third, of James I., as King of England, and, as in the text, to the thirty-ninth of his reign as King of the Scots.
50. Carew MSS., vol. 611, fos 239-246. Vide paper by the late Col. J. P. Nolan, Journ. Galway Arch. and Hist. Society, vol. I, No. 2, 1901.
51. ‘Doughshghty Kelly’ is probably English clerk's barbaric for Tuath sliochta ui Ceallaigh, i.e., ‘the territory. of the race of O’Kelly.’ Corcomoe recte Corca mogha, ‘the tribe of the servant’ of some Christian saint, or perhaps of some heathen god. Tiaquin, recte Teach Dhachonna, i.e. (Saint) ‘Dachonna’s house’ or church.
52. Ballymoe: Bel atha mogha, i.e. ‘the pass of the servant.’ Vide note s. v. Corkomoe.
53. ‘Galway Castles and Owners in 1574,’ by Col. Nolan, Journ. Gal. Arch. and Hist. Soc., No. 2, p. 122, 1901. According to this list, ‘Carberry McEgan and the judges,’ i.e. brehons, owned the Castle of ‘Duneyrie’ (Dun dhoighre), barony of Leitrim, in the extreme south-east of Co. Galway, over which the Earl of Clanricard was chief (ibid p. iii) and only separated from Ormond in Tipperary by the Shannon. Another ‘McKeggan’ owned ‘Clochtryntynode’ Castle, in Ballyrmoe barony, ‘Mac Davy and Hubert boy Mac Davy’ (Burke) being his overlords (ibid p. 117). ‘Coisin Mac Egan’ held the castle of ‘Tullene Daly’ (Tulach na dala), about three miles north of Tuam, in the barony of Dunmore, Lord Bermingham being ‘cheife in the same’ (ibid p. 117). The ancient volume called leabhar breac was mainly composed in Dun dhoighre by the Mac Aodhagains, and was kept in the Abbey of Kilnalahan in 1629, when Brother Michael O'Cleary used it for his life of St. Cellach. (Vide Journ. Gal. Arch. and Hlist. Soc., 1909 pp. 15, et seq). The Mac Aodhagains were widely spread as brehons over Connacht and Munster. They held this office to the O'Connors of Connacht; to the Cinel Fiachra of Tirawley, Co. Mayo; to the O’Connors of Offaly; and to Mac Carthy mór of Desmond, from very early times. After the Norman invasion they acted in the same capacity for the Mac Williams (Burkes) and Mac Waittins (Barretts), who had adopted Gaelic customs, language, costume, and law. Another branch of the same family owned the castle of Aghnamadle near Toomevara, Co. Tipperary, and also had residences and lands at Ballmacegan in Lorha, Coilte ruadh (now Redwood) in Durha, and Lisleigh, in same county. For at least 500 years they dispensed learning and law to the flower of the Gaelic and Gaedelo-Norman families. What a history, surely, to be proud of. Where, outside of Ireland, can one find anything to compare with this unbroken line of scholars and lawyers lasting, as it did, for more than fifteen generations?
54. Vide Part I, pp. 17-19.
55. At the last moment, some further very interesting information connecting this place with the Mac Aodhagains has been supplied to me by Mr. John Diskin, Lerhin N.S., Clonbern, for which I am very thankful: -
In the townland of Park-West, about 80 yards from the ruins of Park Castle, separated from it by a small and nameless stream, is the site of a ruined dwellinghouse. The latter, of which there is now very little trace, has been uninhabited for the last forty years, but previous to that, for perhaps a couple of hundred years, it was occupied by a family named Levacy. In some part of this building there was a stone slab, about 1 ½ by 2 ¼ feet (once probably a part of the old castle), bearing an inscription in raised letters, which through weathering was impossible to be completely deciphered. The part which was legible according to his recollection and that of Mr. Thomas O'Keeffe, of Lettera N. S., Glenamaddy (who often saw it), was as well as they could recollect: -
1626 (or 1627)
This stone cannot now be found, having disappeared about 15 years ago. Assuming that the above date is correct, it must mark either a restoration or perhaps new addition to the castle; for, as can be seen from the extracts of Chancery rolls given above, Cormac Mac Aodhagain and other members of the family occupied the Castle of Park eight years earlier, viz., in 1618. Mr Diskin informs me that, with this exception, there is at present no tradition regarding the Mac Aodhagains in the neighbourhood of Park, nor are any families of the name to be found thereabouts.
[Additional note, inserted later:]
‘Clonbern Parish. There are three castles in the Parish, one in Claddagh townland, and another in Lerhin, and the third in Park. The castle in Park is said to have been erected by one Cormac mac Egan, as was discovered by a stone in one of its walls, exhibiting, according to tradition, the following inscription:
This stone is not, however, now at the castle, but it is said to be preserved at the house of a neighbouring county squire. The mac Egans were Brehons of Hy Many and of the tribe of the Hy Many.’
It will be thus seen that the tradition in 1912 as to the wording of the inscription is practically identical with that given by Dr. O'Donovan 74 years before, except that no date is mentioned by him. The castle was undoubtedly erected before 1626-7, but it is to be regretted that he did not name the possessor of the stone and examine the inscription for himself in 1838.
56. I have been told that Cabhal tighe breac, described (with plan) in Part I., pp. 7-8, was of some architectural interest to a few. Such mediaeval buildings are rare, and those who care to follow up the subject will find a good deal of information concerning such in a paper by Dr. Robert Cochrane, I.S.O., M.R.I A., on a ‘Medieval House, Dyserth, Flintshire,’ known locally as Siamber Wen (Arch. Cambrens., January, 1912). The author mentions other early houses in Britain of similar construction as existing in Alfriston, Sussex; Shorne, near Gravesend Pattenden; Smarden, and Laddenden, in Kent. An Irish example is also given, viz.: Rathumney, Co. Wexford, known locally as ‘Rathumney Castle,’ which he assigns to the early 13th century, the examples in England and Wales being somewhat later. Cabhal tighe breac, though similar to these, is not exactly of the same plan, and cannot, I think, be earlier then 1500.
57. The owner of Lettermoylan is not given, for some reason, in the 1641 list. The subsequent grantee was the Bishop of Killaloe. (Frost's Hist. of Clare, p. 476). I was told by the young man who acted as my guide, that the key of the fabled city of Cill Stephin (now supposed to be sunk under the waters of Liscannor Bay) was hid at the bottom of Loughbooleynagreina, and that whenever if was recovered from the lake, the lost city would be restored in all its beauty, and Ennis forthwith destroyed.
58. These numbers tell the generations, counting Oilioll olum as (1). They will help the unpractised reader to unravel the difficulties. The later generations have been tested by me in many ways, and I believe them to be correct.
59. This James O'Davoren resided in the townland of Lisdoonvarna, where the remains of his house can still be seen. At the time of his death, although a ‘papist,’ he was possessed of an enormous estate - the cause of much law in after years. His marriage articles are dated 4th November, 1686; his will 12th May, 1725, and he died (s.p.) 31st July same year. Dr. John O'Donovan, in a letter from Kilkee, 27th October, 1839, now in the R.I.A., states that the small stone-vaulted ancient-looking chapel, near the south-east angle of Noughaval Church, 20ft. by 12ft., had at that date an inscription thus: - ‘THIS CHAPEL WAS BUILT BY JAMES DAVOREN OF LISDOONVARNA, WHO DIED 31ST JULY, 1725, AGED 59 YEARS.’ No trace of this inscription can now be found. Local tradition has it that he was not buried inside this chapel at all, but just outside it. In his will, made something over two months before his death, he leaves £30 for a ‘decent burying place, if not built by me in my life time’. It is impossible to believe that James O'Davoren built this stone-roofed house as a mortuary chapel in the short interval between the dates of his will and his death, and equally hard to think it belongs to his time, 1666-1725. It is probably a fairly ancient building, perhaps a priest's house, and, as often happens, made use of by a person who had no claim to it. However that may be, I give the facts, and there the building is still to puzzle the archaeologist. Dr. O'Donovan also states that the only tradition remembered in connection with the family was that they were ‘very haughty, aristocratical, and tyrannical, as indeed all old families of the true game cock breed must have been in barbaric [sic.] ages.’ A very curious remark for him.
60. Now Cahermacon, par. of Kilnaboy.
61. Lioslaithrighe, now Lislarheenmore, par. of Rathborney, and Lisharheenbeg, par. of Killeany.
62. She is called in a law deed Megg, daughter of Nicholas French and Juliana, his wife. John Davoren, ‘late of Lisdoonvarna,’ a ‘papist,’ lived in Ennis, where here he made his will, 15th March 1758; cod. 27th February, 1760; proved 17th December, 1765. His marr. settlement is dated 10th November, 1710. His son William, a ‘protestant,’ died s.p. 1742.
63. She is given in the law deed as a ‘protestant,’ having apparently conformed in 1763, after her husband's death to save her property (vide Frost's Hist. of Clare, p. 632). Edmond O'Hogan, an attorney, was High Sheriff of Clare in 1759, his qualifying residence then being ‘Dunbeg.’ In 1748 be lived at Bushypark. Will 19th May, 1760, ob. June, 1760.
64. Now Moyhill, par. of Rath, where this Eámon mór o’hOgain built the ‘Court’ in 1637. It is now completely gone, the stones being built into the neighbouring houses, in one of which a block with above date is embedded. Aodh nan óg each. – ‘Aodh of the young horses.’
65. Taoiseach Shluaigh (i.e.) ‘chief of a host.’ He is mentioned in the will of his father-in-law, John Davoren, as living, 1760, at Ballykilty, par. of Quin. The death of Edmond McMahon of Kildrum, par. of Quin, aged 76, ‘a junior brother of the late Thomas McMahon, Esq., of Ballykilty,’ is recorded in the Clare Journal of January 18th, 1810.
66. Now Dangan, par of Quin. In this townland stood the residence of Maccon MacConmara, Chief of Ui Caisin, when on 11th November, 1387, he made a grant of several townlands to the church of Tulla. - Inq. 13 April, 1611. Seamus (James) Davoren, son of Labhrás (Laurence), and Ellenor O'Hehir, married Elizabeth (ob. 1750), dr. of Pierce Creagh of Dangan. They had a daughter, Elizabeth, who became the wife of Bartholemew Macnamara of Mortyclogh, par. of Abbey, son of John Macnamara of Moher (par. of Kilmacreehy), and Margaret, dr. of Captain Anthony MacDonough, of Carrahan (par. of Clooney). Their sole daughter, Dorothea Macnamara (ob. 1834), married (1st) Simon Pierce Creagh ob. (1814) of Coogaun, par. of Quin, in March, 1807 (Clare Journal); and (2nd) James Behane, of Rathbaun, Lisdoonvarna. I cannot for certain fix ‘James Davoren of Derry’ (Caheraderry, par. of Killaspuglonane), who died 18th April, 1789 (Ennis Chronicle), and married circa 1765, Catherine, daughter of William (son of Partolan) Macnamara, ob. Doolin (1714-1762), and Catherine Sarsfield, but think he was, perhaps, a son of above James (an infant in 1725), and Elizbeth Creagh. His issue by Catherine MacNamara were: James Davoren, a solicitor, said to have been poisoned while pleading a case in Tulla; William, a barrister, who died suddenly in court; Mary, married (‘a few days ago.’ Clare Journal, 31st October, 1796), to Robert Jackson, of Kilrush; Anne married William Hogan, of Rathbane, Lisdoonvarna, grandfather of Mr. William Hogan, J. P., now of Ennistymon; a daughter, Mrs. O'Donoghue, of Lisdooney, par. of Kilfenora; and Kate, who died unmarried. Robert Jackson, of Kilrush, had issue by his wife Catherine Davoren: Benjamin, a County Inspector of Police; John, a well-known man in his day, who, under the ‘nom-de-plume of Terry O'Driscoll,’ composed many humorous productions for the ‘Warder’ of Dublin. I am sure my many friends among the solicitor profession will not think the worse of me for the following story, which, if not true, is well invented, and is too good to be lost: ‘Terry O'Driscoll’ one day met a large funeral in Dublin, and being curious to know the deceased's name asked one of his fellow spectators, who told him it was the funeral of Mr. So-and-so, an attorney of great eminence. He there and then made this lay: -
There goes an attorney
67. That is, to David Comyn and Elizabeth Davoren. David Comyn who married 1698, and died 1710, was the son of John Comyn, of Limerick (transplanted to Kilcorney, Burren), and Mary Comyn of Park (situation unknown, but not the Park of the O'Davorens); son of George Comyn, member of Supreme Council of Kilkenny, and Margaret Berkeley; son of Edmund Comyn, of Limerick, and Jeanette (Sarsfield?). This information was given to me by their lineal descendant, David Comyn, now of 2 Silver Crescent, Gunnersbury, late of Kilcorney; all taken from original family documents.
68. Ballykeel, par. of Kilfenora. Cormac in ‘polite’ society was called Charles and was, I believe, brother to Nicholas MacDonogh of Beha, and of Captain Anthony MacDonogh, of Carrahan.
69. na Thaoiseach Sliocht
70. ‘Teige O'Hehir, of Clontohill, Co. Clare’ (Ped. of Power of Corofin), a townland in par. of Dysart O'Dea.
71. Dominic Power, of Corofin (born 1710, ob. 15 January, 1783), married about 1736 the above Bridget O'Hehir. (Power pedigree.)
72. Liosmrachán. I heard it so pronounced by Irish speakers. Now Lismaroghaun, par. of Kilmoon. The other O'Davoren pedigree gives to William, son of Maghnus, an eldest daughter Brighid, who died before reaching womanhood.
73. Michael O'Moran, of Carron, had a brother, Father Conor O'Moran, who was P. P. of Carron and Kilcorney. On 31st March 1696, Father O'Moran baptised Patrick Power (son of Dominick) of Corofin (Power pedigree), and his name appears on the list of priests requiring sureties in 1704. Michael O'Moran had by his first wife, Margaret, daughter of Baothghalach O'Davoren, three sons, Conor, Michael and James, and a daughter, Catherine, who married Mathew Power, son of Dominick, of Corofin, and Móirlin O’Hehir. By his second wife, Mary, daughter of John O'Daly and Anastasia Kirwan, he had a daughter, Mary, who married Cosney, son of Cosney O'Davoren. The second son of Michael O'Moran, of Carron, viz.: Michael was a ‘doctor of physick,’ and resided in Ennis, where he died unmarried. Will 20 May, 1754, proved 1755, so this O'Davoren pedigree, in which he is said to have died without issue, was written just a short time after his death. He had interests in the lands of Mohermoylan and ‘Cahirmacnoul’ (now Cahermacrole), par. of Carron, and in Knockaskeeheen, par. of Kilmoon, etc., which he leaves to his brother Conor, and in default of him to his nephews Patrick and Augustine Moran. He leaves the vestments of his uncle Conor, the priest, to one of his executors and nephew, Dominick (son of Mathew) Power of Ennis (who erected the Power vault in Ennis Abbey in 1760, and died in April, 1785) to be disposed of as directed. Mentions his father, Michael Moran, then apparently living, and his stepsister married to Constance Davoren. He leaves to Richard Burke, surgeon, such of his books ‘as are suitable in his profession.’ Richard (or, Rickard) Burke was, I have reason to think, the first surgeon appointed to Ennis Co. Infirmary. To Elizabeth, wife of Francis Fitzgerald, (of Roslevan?) ‘a plain gold ring bestowed on me by her mother.’ To one of his executors, Thomas Hallinan, a silver watch, and ‘to Mary Hallinan, his wife, my gold ring on which is represented Adam and Eve; my plate, snuff box, press, tea chest, tea kettle, tea equipage, and all my earthenware.’ Should his nephews, Patrick and Augustine, die under the age of twenty-one, their portion to be divided between their sister, Mary, and Mary, daughter of Dominick Power, etc. Executors, William Comyn, of Cahirblonig (par. of Kilnaboy), gent, and Dominick Power and Thomas Hallinan, both of Ennis, merchants.
Inserted into the east gable, in south-east angle of the chancel of the old church of Noughaval, is a slab with the following inscription: ‘Here lies the bodies * of Augustine Moran * of Ballymahony * died the 3rd January 1848 * aged 98 years. * Of his wife Isabel Moran * died the 21st January 1856 * aged 94 years.* Of Augustine Moran of Willbrook * died 8th October 1869 * aged 70 years. * And of his wife Jane Moran * alias O'Brien * died 18th June 1849 * aged 51 years. * May they rest in peace.’
74. Bailephuirtriabhaigh, Ballyportry, par. of Kilnaboy.
75. Muircheartlach O'Briain of Ballyportry, the scribe who copied Tadhg mac Daire's poem, and wrote this pedigree circa 1754.
76. Rosleamháin, now Roslevan, par. of Kilraghtis.
77. Of the deed of 1606.
Not to be confounded with Baothghalach (40), son of Maghnus,
79. This is rank nonsense, and could not have been intended by the writer, who elsewhere correctly says the family name was taken from Dubhdabhoireann, son of Aenghus, King of Munster, ob. 957. There may be some epithet or phrase accidentally omitted by the scribe - a lapsus calami.
80. Now Carrowduff, par. of Rath, where formerly stood a castle, owned together with the castle of Tirmicbran (Adelphi) in 1580, by Mahon, son of Brian O'Brien. Tirmicbran in 1641 belonged to Hugh, son of Turlough O'Brien, and Carrowduff to Daniel, son of Dermot O'Brien. Both these were evicted, and their properties went to augment the enormous estates of Morogh, of evil memory, 1st Earl of Inchiquin. ‘Tir McBrann’ was sold to the Hollow Blade Company, 23rd June, 1703.
81. Mithall O'Dabhoireann was an officer in Clare's Regiment of Foot, and was not alone head of his line, but head of his sept.
‘Michael Davoren - officier en 1741. Il a perdu une jambe á la bataille de Fontenoy [11 May, 1745]; admis aux Invalides en 1746.’ O'Hart's Landed Gentry, p. 535. He was one of several Clare men who fought and bled in that great battle against England.
82. The MS. is much damaged and illegible here.
83. This was Casnamhach, son of Aodh (38) alias ‘Captain Constance Davoren.’
84. A townland in par. of Kilfenora, in which is the ruins of a castle. The Tadhg o Bhriain of the text was the son of Toirdhealbhach (and the daughter of MacConmara riabhach), son of Murchadh of Caherminane (ob. 25 Feb. 1591, A.IV.M.) and Margaret dr. of John Burke of Galbally, Co. Galway (Carew MS. 599), 4th son of Conchobhar (ob. 1539), King of Thomond, and his second wife Eibhlin, dr. of Maurice bacach, 10th earl of Desmond.
85. Michael O'Moran's second wife.
86. The MS. here is practically illegible, but fortunately this particular descent is given in the second pedigree. From it we learn that Baothghalach buidhe had two sons by the daughter of o Deagha (O'Dea) of Dysart O'Dea, viz.: Cosnamach and Aodh. Casnamhach had two sons, Baothghalach, a Capuchin, and Domhnall, a priest. Aodh also had sons, Cosnamhach, a priest, and Baothghalach. Cosnamhach, son of Adoh, lived at Corofin, was parish priest of Kilnaboy, and the owner of these MSS. I found his will in the Record Office, Dublin, in which he styles himself ‘Constance Davoren of Currafine,’ and dated 21st (or 28th) July, 1757. In it he leaves one Father Ambrose Davoren his chestnut mare, bridle and saddle, boots, hat and wig! He had a sister Peggy, another Mary Davoren alias McNamara. Patrick Curtin of Dysart, and Patrick Kerin of Corofin, executors. Under the name of ‘Mr. Constance Davoren FitzHugh of Corofin,’ Father Cosney O'Davoren was left £89 11s. 0d. for charitable purposes (Masses?) by John Davoren, of Ennis (brother of James of Lisdoonvarna) in his will of 15th March, 1758. In a codicil, 27th February, 1760, ‘Mr. Constance Fitz Hue of Corrofin,’ is mentioned as having died since will was made, and Mr. Thomas Hallinan, of Ennis, appointed in his place. Father O'Davoren, therefore, died some time between those dates. He also mentions his brother ‘Baetius’ in his will, the Baothghalach, son of Aodh, son of Baothghalach buidhe, of the pedigree.
87. All the pedigree up to this point deals with the descendants of Aodh (38), son of Giollananaomh óg, one of the brothers who made partition of their father's lands in 1606. From this on it deals with the descendants of the other brother, viz.: Cosnamhach (38).
88. Aodh, son of Cosnamhach, son of Giollananaomh óg (37), was evicted from his portion of his father's lands, Cahermacnaughten, Lisduane, and Lisnalogherne. He had the townland of Lislarheen ‘set out’ to him instead, as a transplanted papist, by the Cromwellian Commissioners. Aodh's son, Cosnamhach (40) (Constance), got a confirmation of this grant, dated 16 February, 29th Chas. II. (vide Frost's Hist. of Clare, p. 391), and his decendants for several generations were known as the O'Davorens of Lislarheen, or Lislarhee, par. of Rathborney and Killeaney.
89. Aodh (Hugh), of Lishareen (41), had a daughter, Judith, who became the wife of Andrew (son of Lochlainn riabhach) O'Hehir, of Cahermacon, par. of Kilnaboy. (Pedigree of Power of Corofin, put together circa 1788.)
90. Mary, dr. of Bairleméad, Partholan, or anglice, Bartholemew, Macnamara, of Murroogh, par. of Gleninagh (ob. 1761), and Dorothea Brock.
91. James, son of Hugh and Mary Macnamara, lived, I am told, at Craggagh, par. of Killonaghan, and left no issue. He is probably the ‘James Davoren, Esq., of Lislarhee,’ whose death took place in September, 1812, aged 72 years (Ennis Chronicle). Theresa, wife of ‘James Davoren, Esq.,’ died at Kilcornan (par. of Kilmanaheen) in June of same year (ibid); possibly a second wife of above James of Lislarhee.
92. This was the celebrated Dr. Ignatius O'Neilan, whose wonderful cures are still told in story by the peasantry of Inchiquin and Corcomroe baronies. By all accounts he must have been a very eccentric individual, but a gentleman and scholar, and if we are to believe half of what is told about him, a most successful practitioner. He resided at Monreel, a townland in the extreme west of the parish of Rath, on the spot, I have heard, where afterwards a house was built by a Dean Stackpoole, now occupied by ‘Martin O'Looney, whose father, William, was brother of the late Professor Brian O'Looney, of Dublin. Doctor O'Neilan died towards the end of the year 1810, aged 84 years. (‘A few days ago,’ Ennis Chronicle, 12th December, 1810.)
93. ‘Sister's son’ mac dearbhsheathrach. The pedigree of Power, of Corofin, states that Judith, daughter of Patrick Power, of Corofin (ob. 7th February, 1775, aged 79 years), son of Dominick, and Mary (ob. February, 1752), daughter of Thomas MacGorman, of Inchiquin, (where he died 1754), but formerly of Cahermorroghoe (now Cahermurphy, par. of Kilmihill) was born 28th October, 1725, and baptized by the ‘Rev Dean Ignatius O'Donoghoe, Rector of the parish of Killinaboy.’
94. MacGorman; now universally (and wrongly) changed to O'Gorman.
95. Perhaps ‘Brian of the Ballads.’ Criostora (Christopher) O’Brien is buried in the old church of Rath, not far from that of Dysart O'Dea. On a slab now under the chancel arch, is the following inscription:
THE THOMB UNDER THIS VAULT WAS BUILT BY CHRISTOPHER, THE SON OF BRIAN McTHRLAGH [Toirdhéallbach] O'BRIEN, IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD GOD, 1697.
Christopher O'Brien, of Rath, was with Col. John McNamara, of Creevagh, a surity of Father Conor Moylan, P. P., of Killinaboy, in 1704 (vide Frost's Hist. of Clare, p. 559).
96. Glandine, par of Kilfarboy
97. This beautiful name was anglicised (rather hellenised or bedevilled) into Penelope, against all sense of decency, common and philological.
98. Englished Mac Encroe, but now reduced to Crowe.
99. Ellenor O'Brien was sole daughter of Captain Diarmaid O'Brien, of Corbally, near Quin. Roibuc, or Robert Foster, of Kells, par. of Kilkeedy (ob. 9th April, 1786), was son of Patrick Foster (the elder) of Bankyle, par. of Kilnaboy (ob. 25th January, 1758), said Patrick being a ‘brother of Captain Francis Foster’ (of Clooneen, Co. Galway?) and is buried with his daughter, Ellinor (Davoren) in Coad Church, par. of Kilnaboy.
100. Séamus, alias ‘James Davoren Pat,’ of Caherkinallia, par. of Kilshanny, the father of this Giollananaomh (judaised Nehemiah) made his will August 9th, 1796, sworn to by Denis FitzPatrick October 25th, 1797 (Rec. Off. Dub.), in which he desires to be buried in Church of Killilagh; mentions his wife, Margaret Davoren, alias Ievers, his son, James, and the latter’s wife, Ellinor Foster, and also his son, ‘Nehemiah.’ Nemiah (sic) died at ‘Glasshy’ 28th May, 1827. Ennis Chronicle, 6 June, 1827.
Who could have thought that the Hebrew Nehemiah, cupbearer to Artaxerxes lougimanus, king of Persia and governor of Judea 444 B.C., could so impose his undoubtedly great personality, twenty-two centuries later, on a true-born son of Oilioll Olum, so as to make him discard and spurn the fine old Christian name of Giollananaomh ‘servant of the saints,’ so long and intimately associated with the proudest traditions of his race, for one that for him could have no possible meaning. Was it ignorance? If not, it was something worse, but, however, one may try to explaiun such lack of self respect, we cannot lay the blame upon the Jew. Take note of it, however, one and all ye Anglo-Israelites, and give yourselves ‘furiously to think’ on the strange but undoubted fact – that there are to-day more men of the jewish name of Jeremiah (alias Jer., Jur., and Jerry), in two of the most Celtic counties of Ireland, viz., Kerry and Cork, than can be found among the Jews themselves, counting from the days of Abraham.
We here ask pardon of the reader for stating the undeniable fact, that there is not the remotest relationship, philological or historical, between the names Dermod and Jeremiah, Teig and Timothy, Cosney and Constance, Donell and Daniel, Gillananaev and Nehemiah, Finola and Penelope, and the many other examples of false parallelism in Christian names unfortunately still in full swing in Ireland.
The above Giollananaomh, alias Nehemiah or Nimmy (son of James and Margaret Ievers), married Margaret, dr. of Andrew Daniel Lysaght, of Derreen, (par. of Kilshanny), and Betty, dr. of Charles Lysaght, of Ballybreen (par. of Kilfenora). They had issue as follows: (1) Andrew, who married the daughter of Michael O’Brien, of Ennis; their sons, Nehemiah and John, emigrated; (2) Ievers (ob. June, 1871), married Anne (still living, 1912), daughter of Patrick Hynes, of Noughaval, by whom he had Joseph, now living at Glasha (par. of Killilagh), and married to Maria Devitt; (3) Margaret, married Denis Cahill, of Ballymurphy; (4) Elizabeth, and (5) Catherine, who both died unmarried.
101. I have been informed that Jane Sarsfield was the dr. of Patrick Sarsfield, of Toomullin (par. of Killilagh), and that Charles (Cormac) MacDonagh lived at Seamount.
102. James eldest son of Dominic, and Anne MacDonogh, lived at Ballyhenna (par. of Kilmoon). He married a Miss Moran, of Galway, and died s.p., two years after marriage, of the small-pox. Patrick, second son of Dominic, married Brigid, dr. of Hugh Davoren (son of James) of Lislarheen, and Mary Macnamara. Their children were: (1) Austin, married to Ellen, dr. of Michael Cooney, of Galway, and Elizabeth Staunton, leaving descendants, of whom hereafter; (2) Hugh, died young; (3) Brigid, first wife of Donall cám Lysaght, of Ballygoonan (par. of Kilfenora); and (4) Margaret, who married Christopher Gallery, of Lahinch.
The children of Austin Davoren and Ellen Cooney aforesaid were: - (1) Mary, married March, 1840, John Kilkelly, of Inisharoe, Kinvara (son of Peter Kilkelly and Brigid Markham) and has issue living 1912; (2) Dominick, and (3) William, emigrated to the United States (the sons of the latter, William and John, of St Paul's, Minnesota, married respectively Anne and Jane daughters of Michael Davoren (son of Anthony) of Castleview, Carrowduff); (4) Jane married in Australia to a Mr. O’Rourke; (5) Brigid, married to Patrick Markham, of United States, formerly of Kilcorney, Burren; (6) Eliza (ob. 5 Feb., 1912), aged 94 years, at Kilfenora (from her a good deal of the information here given was obtained) married Michael O'Loughlin (ob 11 Oct., 1891) of Lismoroghaun (par. of Kilmoon) son of Andrew O'Loughlin, of Inchiquin (par. of Kilnaboy); Austin, died unmarried, March, 1885.
William, third son of Dominick and Anne MacDonagh, married Mary, sister of Captain John Macnamara, R.N., of Rock Lodge, Liscannor, by whom he had Anthony Davoren, who married Rebecca, second daughter of Rev. Michael Davoren, Vicar of Kilfarboy and Kilimhill, the issue of which latter marriage are: - Michael Davoren, of Castleview, Kilshanny (born 31 Jan. 1831) and Mary Anne (born 1st July, 1832), both now living, 1912. Michael Davoren (son of Anthony) of Castleview married Jane, dr. of Peter Thynne (O'Tyne) of Ballingaddy, and Winifred Garrihy. The children of said Michael and Jane Thynne are-Mary; Anthony; Anne, married to her cousin, William Davoren (son of William, son of Austin) of St. Paul's, Minnesota, as stated above; Margaret; Patrick; Jane married to her cousin, John, 4th son of William Davoren (son of Austin) aforesaid. Mary Anne, sister of Michael Davoren, of Castleview, and daughter of Anthony (son of William), married John O'Loghlen, Bank Place, Ennistymon, where she now resides (1912) with her family. Mr. O'Loghlen is nephew of the late Very Rev. Peter O'Loghlen, P. P., of Ennistymon, who built the present Catholic Church in that town. His children are: - Denis, Elgin Avenue, London; John, Inspector National Bank, Dublin; Mary, of Bank Place, Ennistymon; and Joseph W. of Ulster Bank, Limerick.
103. For the descendants of Patrick and William, see preceding note.
104. Drim, par of Doora.
105. That is from the Isles of Aran in Galway Bay. I wish here to correct an error, which crept into Part 1, p. 16, note. The mantelpiece taken from Fineen Fitzpatrick's Castle is in the house of Austin Malone, not Neville, as stated.
106. Norman de Lynch, not Irish o Loingsigh.
107. This was Captain Dermod O'Brien, officer of the Irish Brigade of France, who fought at Fontenoy, 1745. He afterwards resided at Corbally, par. of Clooney, and was, buried in the Friary of Quin, but there is no inscription there, as far as I know, to mark the spot. One of his sisters, as in the text, married Nicholas Lynch, I presume of Galway. Another married Craven MacDonogh, of Ballykeel, par. of Kilfenora father of Nicholas MacDonagh, of Beha (Birchfield), whose death took place in 1745, and of Captain Anthony MacDonogh of Carrahan, par. of Clooney. Captain MacDonogh also took part in the famous charge of the Irish Brigade at Fontenoy, fought the same year in which his brother Nicholas died, but subsequently, returned to Ireland and settled at Carrahan, par. of Clooney. He had two daughters, one, Margaret, married John. 4th son of Partholan Macnamara, of Moher; the other Mary Anne (ob. 1819), became the wife of Edmond Hogan (ob. 1812) of Sheshiv, par. of Rath, later of Carrahan.
The following descent of O'Brien, of Corbally, is taken from MS. -H-1-18, Trin. Col. Dublin. I am not quite certain that it refers to the O'Briens of Corbally, in upper Bunratty, for I understand there is another Corbally somewhere in Pubblebrien, Co. Limerick. Captain Dermod of the Irish Brigade, the friend of Lord Clare, must have been a very young lad in 1713 when the pedigree was made : -
Diarmaid breac of Corrbhaile (1713) and Conchobhar (1713), sons of Diarmaid, son of Anluan, son of Domhnall (brother of Brian dubh of Carrig O gCoinnioll), son of Muircheartach of Cregg, son of Donnchadh, son of Domhnall, fifth son of Donnchadh, son of Mathghamhan, son of Donnchadh, son of Brian dubh, son of Conchobhar, King of Thomond (ob. on Easter Sunday, 1426, A. IV. M.)
108. The writer gets a little bit mixed here, perhaps because he copied from an illegible MS. Francis Cassidy appears to have married secondly, Ellinor dr, of Edmond o'Hogan, of Sheshire, par. of Rath, and Elizabeth Foster, for it is so given in a pedigree of the o'Hogans of Moyhill, par. of Rath, which describes him more clearly as follows: -
‘Francis Cassidy, son of Patrick Cassidy, a Chirurgeon, and Honora his wife . . . . of a worthy family in the province of Ulster, and who formerly enjoyed ample possessions, and son of the late Doctor Felix Cassidy, Esq. and grandson of James Cassidy, Esq. of Clogher.’
I presume the Clogher referred to is Clogher, par. of Kilfenora, not Clogher, Co. Tyrone, but am not quite sure. The sept of o'Caiside (not macCaisidi), occupied lands in the barony of Cúil, now Coole, Co. Fermanagh, and were hereditary ollamhs in learning and medicine to the Maguires. The deaths of the following members of the family, who were Chief Professors in the art of Medicine, are given in the Annals of the Four Masters: -Finghin o'Caiside, ob. 1322; Giollananaingel o Caiside, ob. 1335; Tadhg, son of Joseph, ob. 1450.
I don't know when members of this ancient family settled in Clare, but the idea of ‘hereditary physician’ seems to have clung to them, for it is still believed by many that even the water in which the members of a certain family of this name in Corcomroe Barony had washed - known as ‘Cassidy's hand-water’ - possesses great medicinal powers, having the virtue of curing ‘worms’ in cattle, and being instantly fatal to all the lower forms of life injurious to health. The family (very respectable farmers), however, do all they can to discourage the belief, and, I am told, refuse to supply the water when it is sought for. Was the germ theory of disease, now universally taught in our schools and colleges, a part of the philosophy of the medieval physicians of Ireland? In a certain sense, I believe it was.
109. Vide Mem. of the Dead, vol iii., No. 2, p. 233.
110. ‘Limerick Gazette.’
111. ‘Limerick Gazette.’
112. ‘Ennis Chronicle.’
113. ‘Limerick Gazette.’
114. Dominick O'Davoren (son of Patrick of Lismoraghaun and Finola dr. of Wm. O'Davoren, son of Maghnus) had by his second wife, Jane, dr. of Patrick Sarsfield, as the MS. states, two daughters. One of these, Jane, I have been informed, married Patrick Thynne, of Knockaskeheen, par. of Kilmoon; the other, Ellen, married a Mr. O'Brien.
115. Limerick Gazette, 26th August, 1814.