| VI. Hy
The name of this Territory, which was the patrimonial inheritance
of O’Hehir, is still well known to the natives, who say
that the Country of Hy-Cormaic lies between the Mountain of Sliabh
Callain and the Town of Ennis, on the River Fergus. They all
agree that it comprises the entire of the Parish of Kilmaley,
but they do not agree on its extent to the south east, but there
can be no doubt of its exact extent.
I was once of opinion that this Territory was co-extensive with
the Barony of Islands, but now it is clear that it was not, as
the Parish of Clondagad, forming the
Map of Ibrickan and Hy Cormaic
Click on the map for larger version
south west part of that Barony,
was a part of Corco-Bhaiscinn; but when this Parish is cut away the remaining
part of the Barony is unquestionably the Territory of Hy-Cormaic. The Parish
of Kilmaley is still locally called Hy-Cormaic, and the Parish of Drumcliff
is also called Ogormuck in ecclesiastical documents. Hence we may safely
conclude that the Territory of Hy-Cormaic extended from the mountain
of Sliabh Callain to the mouth of the Fergus. It was bounded on the north
by the Territory of Kinel-Fearmaic, on the east by the River Fergus which
separated it from the Territories of Hy-Caisin and Tradree, on the south
by Corca-Bhaiscinn East, and on the west by the Territory of Corca-Bhaiscinn
East, and the north west by the Territory of Kinel-Fearmaic, which it
meets at the Mountain of Sliabh Callain. The following passage in the Annals
of the Four Masters
will shew that
this Territory extended to the mouth of the Fergus:-
A.D. 1573. A civil war broke out in Thomond. Teige, the son of Conor
O’Brien, encamped with a large body of gallowglasses at a place
called Ard na gCabog, where the River Fergus mingles with the salt water.
From this he marched (to wreak his vengeance on the inhabitants of the
upper part of Thomond) through the eastern part of the Territory of Hy-Fearmaic,
and they plundered the unfortunate people as they passed along; after
which they proceeded to Killinaboy, etc.
This passage shews that Hy-Cormaic extends to the mouth of the River
Fergus, for it is stated that Teige O’Brien’s forces marched
from Ard na gCabog, which is at the Mouth of the Fergus, through the
eastern part of the Territory of Hy-Cormaic. This is enough.
The principal difficulties which attended the proving of the
extent of this Territory were these two; where did it meet the Territory
of the Corca-Bhaiscinn,
and where did it meet that of the Kinel Cuallachta which formed the southern
portion of the Country of the Kinel-Fearmaic? These questions are now answered.
ORIGIN of the NAME and HISTORY. Cannot be written at present for all we know
of this Territory is that its Chief was called O’Hehir, now Hare, and
that he was not of Dalcassian origin but of the race of Daire Cearb, the ancestor
of the Hy-Figinte, who were located at the other side of the Shannon in the
present County of Limerick. See Keating Pedigree.