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Ordnance Survey Letters by John O'Donovan and Eugene Curry, 1839
Parish of Kilrush (i)
About one hundred and fifty yards to the north of this Church are the vaults of a Castle. We learn the date of the erection of this Castle from an Inquisition taken in the 18th year of the reign of Elizabeth, which states, that the Converb (Coarb) “hath in his possession a new castle party builded, a small stone house and three cottages, annual value, 10s. 8d.”
The same Inquisition finds that “in the Island are two Chapels in ruins, the Abbey of St. Synan with a small cemetery, annual value 2s. Irish; also a Parish Church.”
The two Chapels here mentioned are the Churches Nos. 4 and 5 which I have above described; the Abbey of St. Synan is the one now called Teampull na Marbh and the Parish Church is certainly the Damliag, No. 2 supra. The southern point of this island is called Rinn Eanaigh, which could seem to be the place mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters at the year 1564; (It is not the Rinn Eanaigh of the Annals. See Parish of Kilcorney - J. O’D. December 24th 1840) but see more of this hereafter. The nearest point to Inisbeg or Hog Island is called Pointe an Mheill, and the northwest point is called Pointe an Chroisin. There is a rock in the Channel between this Island and Hog Island called Carraig Dhonáin after Donán, one of St. Senan’s monks; and outside Rinn Eanaigh Point is a rock called Carraig a Draoi, the remains of an island called Dair-Inis which is mentioned in St. Senan’s Life. On the west side of Rinn Eanaigh Point there is a flag said to cover the body of the lady who desired to obtain entrance to the island for sepulture, but who was repulsed by St. Senán - See Moore’s little song on this subject.
A.A. S.S. page 542 Col. 1.
The Prelates of this Island and Church of Inis-Cathaigh, in other respects noble and antique are one time read to have been Bishops, another time Abbots, of whom I have been able to find very few by reason of the fewness of antique monuments. I find however, the following; the first three in the Menologies, the rest in the Annals of the Four Masters:-
S. Senanus, Bishop and Abbot of Inis-Cathaigh, and probably Archbishop
of Armagh, flourished about the year 540.
So far Colgan.
A.D. 1119. Dermot O’Leanain, Coarb of St. Senán
of Inis-Cathy, a penitential sage, died. - Quat. Mag.